बिजोलिया किसान आन्दोलन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bijoliya kisan andolan bharatiy itihas men hue kee kisan andolanon men se mahattvapoorn tha. yah 'kisan andolan' bharat bhar men prasiddh raha, jo mashahoor krantikari vijay sinh pathik ke netritv men chala tha. bijoliya kisan andolan san 1847 se prarambh hokar qarib arddh shatabdi tak chalata raha. jis prakar is andolan men kisanon ne tyag aur balidan ki bhavana prastut ki, isake udaharan apavadasvaroop hi prapt hain. kisanon ne jis prakar nirnkush naukarashahi evn svechchhachari samnton ka sngathit hokar muqabala kiya, vah itihas ban gaya.

andolan ke charan

pnchayaton ke madhyam se samanantar sarakar sthapit kar lena evn usaka saphalatapoorvak snchalan karana apane ap men aj bhi itihas ki anokhi v suprasiddh ghatana pratit hoti hai. is andolan ke pratham bhag ka netritv poornaroop se sthaniy tha, doosare bhag men netritv ka sootr vijay sinh pathik ke hath men tha aur tisare bhag men rashtriy netaon ke nirdeshan men andolan snchalit ho raha tha. kisanon ki mangon ko lekar 1922 men samajhauta ho gaya tha, parntu is samajhaute ko kriyanvit nahin kiya ja saka. isilie 'bijoliya kisan andolan' ne tritiy charan men pravesh kar liya tha. nissandeh bijoliya kisan andolan ne rajasthan hi nahin, bharat ke any kisan andolanon ko bhi prabhavit kiya tha.

vijay sinh pathik ka netritv

jab 'lahaur shadayntr kes' men vijay sinh pathik ka nam ubhara aur unhen lahaur le jane ke adesh hue to kisi tarah yah khabar pathik ji ko mil gee. ve tadagadh ke qile se pharar ho ge. giraphtari se bachane ke lie pathik ji ne apana vesh rajasthani rajapooton jaisa bana liya aur chittaudagadh kshetr men rahane lage. bijoliya se aye ek sadhu sitaram das unase bahut prabhavit hue aur unhonne pathik ji ko bijoliya andolan ka netritv sambhalane ko amntrit kiya. bijoliya udayapur riyasat men ek thikana tha. jahan par kisanon se bhari matra men malaguzari vasooli jati thi aur kisanon ki dasha ati shochaniy thi. vijay sinh pathik 1916 men bijoliya pahunch ge aurunhonne andolan ki kaman apane hathon men sambhal li.

pnchayat ka nirnay

pratyek ganv men kisan pnchayat ki shakhaen kholi geen. kisanon ki mukhy mangen bhoomi kar, adhibharon evn begar se sambandhit thin. kisanon se 84 prakar ke kar vasoole jate the. isake atirikt yuddh kosh kar bhi ek aham mudda tha. ek any mudda sahookaron se sambandhit bhi tha, jo zamindaron ke sahayog aur snrakshan se kisanon ko nirantar loot rahe the. pnchayat ne bhoomi kar n dene ka nirnay liya.

andolan ka prachar

kisan vastav men 1917 ki roosi kranti ki saphalata se utsahit the, pathik ji ne unake bich roos men shramikon aur kisanon ka shasan sthapit hone ke samachar ko khoob pracharit kiya tha. vijay sinh pathik ne kanapur se prakashit ganesh shnkar vidyarthi dvara sampadit patr 'pratap' ke madhyam se bijoliya ke kisan andolan ko samooche desh men charcha ka vishay bana diya.

rajasthan seva sngh ki sthapana

1919 men amritasar kangres men pathik ji ke prayatn se bal gngadhar tilak ne bijoliya sambandhi prastav rakha. pathik ji ne bambee jakar kisanon ki karun katha mahatma gandhi ko sunaee. gandhiji ne vachan diya ki yadi mevad sarakar ne nyay nahin kiya to vah svayn bijoliya satyagrah ka snchalan karenge. mahatma gandhi ne kisanon ki shikayat door karane ke lie ek patr maharana ko likha, par koee hal nahin nikala. vijay sinh pathik ne bambee yatra ke samay gandhiji ki pahal par yah nishchay kiya gaya ki vardha se 'rajasthan kesari' namak patr nikala jaye. yah patr sare desh men lokapriy ho gaya, parantu pathik ji aur jamanalal bajaj ki vicharadhara ne mel nahin khaya aur ve vardha chhodakar ajamer chale ge. 1920 men pathik ji ke prayatnon se ajamer men 'rajasthan seva sngh' ki sthapana huee.

pradarshani ka ayojan

shighr hi is snstha ki shakhaen poore pradesh men khul geen. is snstha ne rajasthan men kee jan andolanon ka snchalan kiya. ajamer se hi pathik ji ne ek naya patr 'navin rajasthan' prakashit kiya. 1920 men pathik ji apane sathiyon ke sath nagapur adhiveshan men shamil hue aur bijoliya ke kisanon ki durdasha aur deshi rajaon ki nirnkushata ko darshati huee ek pradarshani ka ayojan kiya. gandhiji vijay sinh pathik ke bijoliya andolan se prabhavit to hue, parantu unaka rukh deshi rajaon aur samanton ke prati naram hi bana raha. kangres aur gandhiji yah samajhane men asaphal rahe ki samantavad samrajyavad ka hi ek stambh hai aur british samrajyavad ke vinash ke lie samrajyavad virodhi sngharsh ke sath-sath samantavad virodhi sngharsh avashyak hai. gandhiji ne ahamadabad adhiveshan men bijoliya ke kisanon ko 'hijarat' (kshetr chhod dene) ki salah di. pathik ji ne ise apanane se inakar kar diya.

kisanon ki vijay

doosari or kangres ke asahayog andolan shuroo karane se bhi sarakar ko sthiti aur bigadane ki bhi ashnka hone lagi. antat: sarakar ne rajasthan ke e.ji.ji. halaind ko 'bijoliya kisan pnchayat bord' aur 'rajasthan seva sngh' se batachit karane ke lie niyukt kiya. shighr hi donon pakshon men samajhauta ho gaya. kisanon ki anek mangen man li geen. chaurasi men se paintis lagaten maph kar di geen. julmi karinde barkhast kar die ge aur kisanon ki abhootapoorv vijay huee.


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