व्यक्तिगत सत्याग्रह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nyooyark sthit gandhiji ki pratima

vyaktigat satyagrah rashtrapita mahatma gandhi dvara san 1940 men prarambh kiya gaya tha. is satyagrah ki sabase badi bat yah thi ki isamen mahatma gandhi dvara chuna hua satyagrahi poorv nirdharit sthan par bhashan dekar apani giraphtari deta tha. apane bhashan se poorv satyagrahi apane satyagrah ki soochana zila majistret ko bhi deta tha.

shuruat

3 sitambar, san 1939 ko bharat ke tatkalin vayasaray laaurd linalithago ne yah ghoshana ki ki bharat bhi dvatiy vishvayuddh men sammilit hai. vayasaray ne is ghoshana se poorv kisi bhi rajanitik dal se paramarsh nahin kiya. isase kangres asntusht ho gee. mahatma gandhi ne bhi british sarakar ki yuddhaniti ka virodh karane ke lie san 1940 men ahinsatmak 'vyaktigat satyagrah' arambh kiya.

pratham satyagrahi

11 aktoobar, 1940 ko gandhiji dvara 'vh‍yaktigat sath‍yagrah' ke pratham sath‍yagrahi ke taur par vinoba bhave ko chuna gaya. prasiddhi ki chahat se door vinoba bhave is sath‍yagrah ke karan behad mashahoor ho ge. unako ganv-ganv men yuddh virodhi taqariren karate hue age badhate chale jana tha. british sarakar dvara 21 aktoobar ko vinoba ko giraphtar kiya gaya.

giraphtariyan

pndit javaharalal neharoo ke anusar 'vyaktigat satyagrah' 7 navambar, san 1940 ko shuroo hona tha, parntu 31 aktoobar, san 1940 ko hi ve giraphtar kar liye ge. isi silasile men 17 navambar, 1940 ko saradar patel bhi giraphtar kar liye ge. isake bad kangres ne 'vyaktigat satyagrah' ko apana karyakram banaya aur giraphtariyan dene ka ek andolan chala diya. gandhiji svayn giraphtar nahin hue kyonki ve is andolan ki vyavastha men lage hue the. gandhiji ka kahana tha ki satyagrah matr bharat ko yuddh men shamil karane ki niti ke virodh men chalaya ja raha tha tatha unaka makasad sarakar ko pareshan karana tha.

pnjab ke chiph ministar sar sikandar hayat khan ne is andolan ke snbndh men kaha ki "jis samay british sarakar apane jivan-maran ke sngharsh men phnsi thi, us samay satyagrah karana unaki pith men chhura bhonkana tha". yah satyagrah poorn roop se niyntrit tha. isamen hinsa ko leshamatr sthan nahin mila. aisa pratit hota hai ki 'vyaktigat satyagrah' andolan men mee, 1941 tak poore desh men hazaron log jel ge. chhah pranton ke bhootapoorv mukhyamntri, 29 mntri tatha 290 vidhan mndalon ke sadasy bhi giraphtar kiye ge. isi bich vaisaray ne kangres ki mangon par dhyan n dete hue apani karyapalika parishad men panch bharatiy sadasy aur badha diye. ab karyapalika parishad men 8 sadasy ho gaye the, parntu raksha, grih, vitt adi mahattvapoorn vibhag angrezon ke adhin hi the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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