महात्मा गाँधी तथा सत्याग्रह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahatma gandhi vishay soochi
mahatma gandhi tatha satyagrah
Mahatma-Gandhi-2.jpg
poora nam mohanadas karamachnd gandhi
any nam bapoo, mahatma ji
janm 2 aktoobar, 1869
janm bhoomi porabndar, gujarat
mrityu 30 janavari, 1948
mrityu sthan nee dilli
mrityu karan hatya
abhibhavak karamachnd gandhi, putalibaee
pati/patni kastooraba gandhi
sntan harilal, manilal, ramadas, devadas
smarak rajaghat (dilli), birala haus (dilli) adi.
parti kangres
shiksha bairistar
vidyalay bnbee yoonivarsiti, samaladas kaaulej
snbndhit lekh gandhi yug, asahayog andolan, namak satyagrah, bharat chhodo andolan, dandi march, vyaktigat satyagrah, savinay avgya andolan, khilafat andolan

san 1914 men gandhi ji bharat laut aye. deshavasiyon ne unaka bhavy svagat kiya aur unhen mahatma pukarana shuroo kar diya. unhonne agale char varsh bharatiy sthiti ka adhyayan karane tatha svayn ko, un logon ko taiyar karane men bitaye jo satyagrah ke dvara bharat men prachalit samajik v rajanitik buraiyon ko hatane men unaka anugaman karana chahate the. is dauran gandhi ji mook paryavekshak nahin rahe. 1915 se 1918 tak ke kal men gandhi ji bharatiy rajaniti ki paridhi par anishchitata se mndarate rahe. is kal men unhonne kisi bhi rajanitik andolan men shamil hone se inkar kar diya.

satyagrah andolan

pratham vishv yuddh men briten ke prayason, yahan tak ki bharat ki british fauj men sipahiyon ki bharti ka bhi samarthan kiya. sath hi vah british adhikariyon ki uddndata bhari harakaton ki alochana bhi karate the tatha unhonne bihar v gujarat ke kisanon ke utpidan ka mamala bhi uthaya. faravari 1919 men raaulekt ekt par, jisake tahat kisi bhi vyakti ko bina muqadama chalae jel bhejane ka pravadhan tha, unhonne angrezon ka virodh kiya. gandhi ji ne satyagrah andolan ki ghoshana ki.
kathiyavad rajakiy parishad men abbas taiyab ji, mahatma gandhi, maharaja natavarasinh ji, thakkar bapa- 1928
isake parinamasvaroop ek aisa rajanitik bhoochal aya, jisane 1919 ke basnt men samooche upamahadvip ko jhakajhor diya. hinsa bhadak uthi, jisake bad british netritv men sainikon ne amritasar men jaliyanvala bag ki ek sabha men shamil logon par goliyan barasakar lagabhag 400 bharatiyon ka mar dala aur marshal laau laga diya gaya. isane gandhi ji ko apana rukh badalane ke lie prerit kiya, lekin ek sal ke bhitar hi vah ek bar phir ugr tevar men a ge. unaka kahana tha ki british adalaton tatha skool aur kaaulejon ka bahishkar karen tatha sarakar ke sath asahayog karake use poori tarah apng bana den.
30 janavari marg, dilli, jahan gandhi ji ko goli mari gee


gandhi ji ne varsh 1917-1918 ke dauran bihar ke chamh‍paran namak sh‍than ke kheton men pahali bar bharat men satyagrah ka prayog kiya. yahan akal ke samay garib kisanon ko apane jivit rahane ke lie zaroori khady fasalen ugane ke sh‍than par nil ki kheti karane ke lie zor dala ja raha tha. unh‍hen apani paidavar ka kam moolh‍y diya ja raha tha aur un par bhari karon ka dabav tha. gandhi ji ne us ganv ka vish‍trit adhh‍yayan kiya aur jamindaron ke viruddh virodh ka ayojan kiya, jisake parinamash‍varoop unh‍hen giraphtar kar liya gaya. unake karavas men dale jane ke bad aur adhik pradarshan kie ge. jalh‍di hi gandhi ji ko chhod diya gaya aur jamindaron ne kisanon ke paksh men ek kararaname par hash‍takshar kie, jisase unaki sthiti men sudhar aya.

main to ek aise rashtrapati ki kalpana karata hoon jo naee ya mochi ka dhandha karake apana nirvah karata ho aur sath hi rashtr ki bagador bhi apane hathon men thame hue ho. -mahatma gandhi

is saphalata se prerana lekar mahath‍ma gandhi ne bharatiy sh‍vatntrata ke lie kie jane vale anh‍y abhiyanon men sath‍yagrah aur ahinsa ke virodh jari rakhe, jaise ki 'asahayog andolan', 'nagarik avgya andolan', 'dandi yatra' tatha 'bharat chhodo andolan', gandhi ji ke prayason se ant men bharat ko 15 agast, 1947 ko sh‍vatntrata mili.

raaulekt ekt qanoon

mahatma gandhi smarak, rajaghat, dilli

gandhi ji ke is ahvan par raaulekt ekt qanoon ke virodh men bambee tatha desh ke sabhi pramukh nagaron men 30 march 1919 ko aur 6 aprail 1919 ko hadatal huee. hadatal ke din sabhi shaharon ka jivan thapp ho gaya. vyapar bnd raha aur angrez afasar asahay se dekhate rahe. is hadatal ne asahayog ke hathiyar ki shakti poori tarah prakat kar di. sanh 1920 men gandhi ji kangres ke neta ban gaye aur unake nirdesh aur unaki prerana se hazaron bharatiyon ne british sarakar ke sath poorn sambandh-vichchhed kar liya. hazaron asahayogiyon ko british jelon men thoons diya gaya aur lakhon logon par sarakari adhikariyon ne barbar atyachar kiye.

british sarakar ke is damanachakr ke karan log ahinsak n rah sake aur kee sthanon par hinsa bhadak uthi. hinsa ka is tarah bhadak uthana gandhi ji ko achchha nahin laga. unhonne svikar kiya ki ahinsa ke anushasan men bandhe bina logon ko asahayog andolan ke lie prerit kar unhonne 'himalay jaisi bhool ki hai' aur yah sochakar unhonne asahayog andolan vapas le liya. ahinsak asahayog andolan ke phalasvaroop jis svarajy ko gandhi ji ne ek varsh ke andar lane ka vada kiya tha, vah nahin a saka. phir bhi log andolan ki viphalata ki or dhyan nahin dena chahate the, kyonki asaliyat men dekha jae to is ahinsak asahayog andolan ko jabaradast saphalata hasil huee. usane bharatiyon ke man se british topon, snginon aur jelon ka khauf nikalakar unhen nidar bana diya, jisase bharat men british samrajy ki ninv hil gayi. bharat men british shasan ke din ab ine-gine rah gaye. phir bhi abhi sngharsh kathin aur lamba tha. sanh 1922 men gandhi ji ko rajadroh ke abhiyog men giraftar kar liya gaya. un par muqadama chalaya gaya aur ek madhurabhashi british jaj ne unhen chhah varsh ki qaid ki saza di. sanh 1924 men apendisaitis ki bimari ki vajah se unhen riha kar diya gaya.



pichhe jaen
mahatma gandhi tatha satyagrah
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

suvyavasthit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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