महात्मा गाँधी की शिक्षा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahatma gandhi vishay soochi
mahatma gandhi ki shiksha
Mahatma-Gandhi-2.jpg
poora nam mohanadas karamachnd gandhi
any nam bapoo, mahatma ji
janm 2 aktoobar, 1869
janm bhoomi porabndar, gujarat
mrityu 30 janavari, 1948
mrityu sthan nee dilli
mrityu karan hatya
abhibhavak karamachnd gandhi, putalibaee
pati/patni kastooraba gandhi
sntan harilal, manilal, ramadas, devadas
smarak rajaghat (dilli), birala haus (dilli) adi.
parti kangres
shiksha bairistar
vidyalay bnbee yoonivarsiti, samaladas kaaulej
snbndhit lekh gandhi yug, asahayog andolan, namak satyagrah, bharat chhodo andolan, dandi march, vyaktigat satyagrah, savinay avgya andolan, khilafat andolan

san 1887 men mohanadas ne jaise-taise 'bnbee yoonivarsiti' ki maitrik ki pariksha pas ki aur bhavanagar sthit 'samaladas kaaulej' men dakhila liya. achanak gujarati se angrezi bhasha men jane se unhen vyakhyanon ko samajhane men kuchh dikkat hone lagi. is bich unake parivar men unake bhavishy ko lekar charcha chal rahi thi. agar nirnay un par chhoda jata, to vah daauktar banana chahate the. lekin vaishnav parivar men chirafad ke khilaf poorvagrah ke alava yah bhi spasht tha ki yadi unhen gujarat ke kisi rajagharane men uchch pad prapt karane ki parivarik parampara nibhani hai, to unhen bairistar banana padega. isaka arth tha inglaind ki yatra aur gandhi ji ne, jinaka 'samaladas kaaulej' men khas man nahin lag raha tha, is prastav ko saharsh hi svikar kar liya. unake yuva man men inglaind ki chhavi 'darshanikon aur kaviyon ki bhoomi, sampoorn sabhyata ke kendr' ke roop men thi. sitnbar, 1888 men vah pani ke jahaz par savar hue. vahan pahunchane ke 10 din bad vah lndan ke char qanoon mahavidyalay men se ek 'inar tenpal' men dakhil ho ge.

shakahari samaj ki sadasyata

mahatma gandhi

bharat chhodate samay jain bhikshu becharaji ke samaksh hinduon ko mans, sharab tatha snkirn vicharadhara ko tyagane ke lie apani apani mata ji ko die gaye ek vachan ne unake shahi rajadhani lndan men bitaye gaye samay ko kafi prabhavit kiya. halanki gandhi ji ne angreji riti rivajon ka anubhav bhi kiya, jaise- udaharan ke taur par nrity kakshaon men jane adi ka. phir bhi vah apani makan malakin dvara mans evn patta gobhi ko hajam.nahin kar sake. unhonne kuchh shakahari bhojanalayon ki or ishara kiya. apani mata ki ichchhaon ke bare men jo kuchh unhonne padha tha, use sidhe apanane ki bajay unhonne bauddhikata se shakahari bhojan ka apana bhojan svikar kiya. unhonne shakahari samaj ki sadasyata grahan ki aur isaki karyakari samiti ke liye unaka chayan bhi ho gaya, jahan unhonne ek sthaniy adhyay ki ninv rakhi. bad men unhone snsthaen gathit karane men mahatvapoorn anubhav ka parichay dete hue ise shrey diya. ve jin shakahari logon se mile unamen se kuchh thiyosofikal sosaiti ke sadasy bhi the. is sosaiti ki sthapana 1875 men vishv bandhutv ko prabal karane ke liye ki gayi thi aur ise bauddh dharm evn sanatan dharm ke sahity ke adhyayan ke liye samarpit kiya gaya tha. unhin logon ne gandhi ji ko shrimadbhagavad gita padhane ke liye prerit kiya. hindoo, eesaee, bauddh, islam aur any dharmon ke bare men padhane se pahale gandhi ji ne dharm men vishesh ruchi nahin dikhayi.

padhaee ke prati gambhir

mahatma gandhi aur kastooraba gandhi

gandhi ji ne apani padhaee ko gambhirata se liya aur lndan yoonivarsiti maitrikuleshan pariksha men baithakar angrezi tatha laitin bhasha ko sudharane ka prayas kiya. rajakot ke arddh gramin mahaul se lndan ke mahanagariy jivan men parivartan unake lie asan nahin tha. jab vah pashchimi khan-pan, tahazib aur pahanave ko apanane ke lie joojhate, unhen atapata lagata. unaka shakahari hona unake lie lagatar sharmindagi ka karan ban jata. unake mitron ne unhen chetavani di ki isaka dushprabhav unake adhyayan aur svasthy, donon par padega. saubhagyavash unhen ek shakahari restaran ke sath-sath ek pustak mil gee, jisamen shakahar ke paksh men tark die ge the. vah 'lndan vejiteriyan sosaiti' ke karyakari sadasy bhi ban ge aur usake sammelanon men bhag lene lage tatha usaki patrika men bhi likhane lage. yahan tin varshon (1888-1891) tak rahakar unhonne bairistari pas ki.

jaise chhota-sa tinaka hava ka rukh batata hai vaise hi mamooli ghatanaen manushy ke hriday ki vritti ko batati hain. -mahatma gandhi

gandhi ne apani padhaee ko gambhirata se liya aur lndan yoonivarsiti maitrikuleshan pariksha men baithakar angrezi tatha laitin bhasha ko sudharane ka prayas kiya. rajakot ke arddh gramin mahaul se lndan ke mahanagariy jivan men parivartan unake lie asan nahin tha. jab vah pashchimi khan-pan, tahazib aur pahanave ko apanane ke lie joojhate, unhen atapata lagata. unaka shakahari hona unake lie lagatar sharmindagi ka karan ban jata. unake mitron ne unhen chetavani di ki isaka dushprabhav unake adhyayan aur svasthy, donon par padega. saubhagyavash unhen ek shakahari restaran ke sath-sath ek pustak mil gee, jisamen shakahar ke paksh men tark die ge the. vah 'lndan vejiteriyan sosaiti' ke karyakari sadasy bhi ban ge aur usake sammelanon men bhag lene lage tatha usaki patrika men bhi likhane lage. yahan tin varshon (1888-91) tak rahakar unhonne bairistari pas ki.

jaise chhota-sa tinaka hava ka rukh batata hai vaise hi mamooli ghatanaen manushy ke hriday ki vritti ko batati hain. -mahatma gandhi
inglaind ke shakahari restaran aur avas-grihon men gandhi ki mulaqat n sirf bhojan ke mamale men kattar logon se huee, balki unhen kuchh gambhir stri-purush bhi mile, jinhen baibil aur bhagavadagita se parichay karane ka shrey diya. bhagavadagita ko unhonne sabase pahale sar edavin arnold ke angrezi anuvad men padha. parichit shakahari angrezon men edavard karapentar jaise samajavadi aur manavatavadi the, jo ki 'british thoro' kahalate the. 'jaaurj barnad shaau' jaise febiyan, aur eni besent sarikhe dharmashastri shamil the. unamen se adhikansh adarshavadi the. kuchh vidrohi tevar ke bhi the. jo uttaravarti viktoriyaee vyavastha ke tatkalin moolyon ko nahin janate the. ve sada jivan ke muqabale sahayog ko adhik mahattv dete the. in vicharon ne gandhi ke vyaktitv aur bad men unaki rajaniti ko akar dene men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee.
apaka koee bhi kam mahattvahin ho sakata hai par mahattvapoorn yah hai ki ap kuchh karen. mahatma gandhi

julaee 1891 men jab gandhi bharat laute, to unaki anupasthiti men mata ka dehant ho chuka tha aur unhen yah janakar bahut nirasha huee ki bairistar ki digri se achchhe peshevar jivan ki garnti nahin mil sakati. vakalat ke peshe men pahale hi kafi bhid ho chuki thi aur gandhi unamen apani jagah banane ke mamale men bahut snkochi the. bnbee[1] nyayalay men pahali hi bahas men vah nakam rahe. yahan tak ki 'bnbee uchch nyayalay' men alpakalik shikshak ke pad ke lie bhi unhen asvikar kar diya gaya. isalie vah rajakot lautakar muqadama karane valon ke lie arzi likhane jaise chhote kamon ke zariye rozi-roti kamane lage. ek sthaniy british adhikari ko naraz kar dene ke karan unaka yah kam bhi band ho gaya. isalie unhonne dakshin afrika men nadal sthit ek bharatiy kampani se ek sal ke anubndh ko svikar karake rahat ki sans li.



pichhe jaen
mahatma gandhi ki shiksha
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (vartaman munbee)

snbndhit lekh

suvyavasthit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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