डाक टिकटों में महात्मा गाँधी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahatma gandhi vishay soochi
dak tikaton men mahatma gandhi
Mahatma-Gandhi-2.jpg
poora nam mohanadas karamachnd gandhi
any nam bapoo, mahatma ji
janm 2 aktoobar, 1869
janm bhoomi porabndar, gujarat
mrityu 30 janavari, 1948
mrityu sthan nee dilli
mrityu karan hatya
abhibhavak karamachnd gandhi, putalibaee
pati/patni kastooraba gandhi
sntan harilal, manilal, ramadas, devadas
smarak rajaghat (dilli), birala haus (dilli) adi.
parti kangres
shiksha bairistar
vidyalay bnbee yoonivarsiti, samaladas kaaulej
snbndhit lekh gandhi yug, asahayog andolan, namak satyagrah, bharat chhodo andolan, dandi march, vyaktigat satyagrah, savinay avgya andolan, khilafat andolan

vishv patal par mahatma gandhi sirf ek nam nahin apitu shanti aur ahinsa ka pratik hain. mahatma gandhi ke poorv bhi shanti aur ahinsa ki avadharana phalit thi, parantu unhonne jis prakar satyagrah evn shanti v ahinsa ke raston par chalate huye angrezon ko bharat chhodane par majaboor kar diya, usaka koee doosara udaharan vishv itihas men dekhane ko nahin milata. tabhi to gandhi ki mrityu par, prakhyat vaigyanik alabart ainstin ne kaha tha ki- hazar sal bad ane vali naslen is bat par mushkil se vishvas karengi ki had-mans se bana aisa koee insan dharati par kabhi aya tha. (ane vali pidhiyan shayad hi is bat ka yakin kar paen ki kabhi dharati par gandhi jaisa koee shakhs bhi paida hua tha.) snyukt rashtr sngh ne bhi varsh 2007 se gandhi jayanti ko ‘vishv ahinsa divas’ ke roop men manaye jane ki ghoshana ki.


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mahatma gandhi
prakhyat vaigyanik alabart ainstin ne kaha tha ki- hazar sal bad ane vali naslen is bat par mushkil se vishvas karengi ki had-mans se bana aisa koee insan dharati par kabhi aya tha. ane vali pidhiyan shayad hi is bat ka yakin kar paen ki kabhi dharati par gandhi jaisa koee shakhs bhi paida hua tha.

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mahatma gandhi duniya ke sarvadhik lokapriy rajanetaon aur vyaktitv men se hain. yahi karan hai ki pray: adhikatar deshon ne unake samman men dak-tikat jari kiye hain. desh videsh ke tikaton men dekhen to gandhi ka poora jivan charitr paya ja sakata hai. samanyatah dak tikat ek chhota sa kagaz ka tukada dikhata hai, par isaka mahattv aur kimat donon hi isase kafi zyada hai. dak tikat vastav men ek nanha rajadoot hai, jo vibhinn deshon ka bhraman karata hai evamh unhen apani sabhyata, snskriti aur virasat se avagat karata hai. yah kisi bhi rashtr ke logon, unaki astha v darshan, aitihasikata, snskriti, virasat evn unaki akankshaon v ashaon ka pratik hai. aise men dak-tikaton par sthan pana gaurav ki bat hai. yah janakar koee ashchary nahin hoga ki dak tikaton ki duniya men gandhi sabase zyada dikhane vale bharatiy hain tatha bharat men sarvadhik bar dak-tikaton par sthan pane valon men gandhi ji pratham hain. yahan tak ki azad bharat men ve pratham vyakti the, jin par dak tikat jari hua.

rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ahinsa ke boote par ajadi dilane men bhale hi bharat ke hiro hain lekin dak tikaton ke mamale men vah vishv ke 104 deshon men sabase bade hiro hain. vishv men akele gandhi hi aise lokapriy neta hain jin par itane adhik dak tikat jari hona ek rikard hai. bharat men gandhi ji ke dak tikat jari hone se pahale 13 janavari 1948 se 18 janavari 1948 ke bich jin dinon gandhi dngon ko rokane ke lie upavas par baithe hue the, un dinon dak vyavastha ko prachar ka madhyam bana kar dilli aur kalakatta ke dakagharon se sanpradayik dngon ko rokane ka sndesh muharon par ankit kar diya jane laga tha.

bahut kam logon ko pata hoga ki bharat ko gulami ke shiknje men kasane vale briten ne jab pahali dafa kisi mahapurush par dak tikat nikala to vah mahatma gandhi hi the. isase pahale briten men dak tikat par keval raja ya rani ke hi chitr chhape jate the. gandhi ji par dak tikat jari karane ka phaisala sabase pahale sal 1948 men liya gaya. bapoo shrinkhala ke in charon dak tikaton ko sal 2 aktoobar, 1949 men gandhi ji ki 80vin varshaganth par jari karane ka phaisala liya gaya tha, halanki in dak tikaton ko jari karane ki yojana janavari se hi chal rahi thi, jab gandhi ji jivit the. lekin isase pahale ki tikaten jari ho patin, 30 janavari, 1948 ko mahatma gandhi ji ki hatya kar di gee. tab in tikaton ko gandhi ji ko samman dene ke lie char vibhinn daron ki mudraon men vikray hetu rashtr ki pratham svatntrata varshaganth par 15 agast, 1948 ko jari kiya gaya. inake mooly dedh ana, sadhe tin ana aur 12 ana rakha gaya tha. in tikaton ki khas bat yah hai ki bapoo ke hindi aur urdoo donon bhashaon men nam likhe hue sirf ye hi tikat aj tak upalabdh hain.

gandhi ji ke sath ‘ba’ yani kastooraba gandhi ko bhi un dak tikaton men jagah di gee hai. pratham pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ne hi pahal karate hue in charon dak tikaton par bapoo ko dizain ka hissa banaya tha. is poore ghatanakram men dilachasp bat yah thi ki zindagi bhar ‘svadeshi’ ko tavajjo dene vale gandhi ji ko sammanit karane ke lie jari kie ge in dak tikaton ki chhapaee svitjaralaind men huee thi. isake bad se lekar aj tak kisi bhi bharatiy dak tikat ki chhapaee videsh men nahin huee. inamen se das rupe vali tikat am vyakti ki pahunch se bahar thi. us samay ke gavarnar janaral ke adesh par keval sarakari upayog ke lie inamen se das rupe vali tikaton ki sau atirikt pratiyan chhapi geen thi, jin par 'service' likha hota hai. yah vishv ki bahut durlabh tikaten hain. inamen se kuchh tikaten kuchh ganamany vyaktiyon ko upahar ke roop men de di geen, aur kuchh dilli ke 'rashtriy dak tikat sngrahalay' ko de di geen. inamen se adhikatam ath pratiyan niji hathon men hain, jinake karan ve bahut durlabh aur kimati ho geen. inamen se ek tikat 5 aktoobar 2007 ko svitzaralaind men devid pheldamain knpani dvara ki nilami men 38,000 yooro men biki.

gandhi ji ke vibhinn chitr

dak-tikat par pahale gandhi ji ke lie bapoo shabd ka prayog hua tha, magar bad ki tikaton par mahatma gandhi likha jane laga. kee deshon ne mahatma gandhi ki janm shatabdi, 125vin jaynti v bharat ki 50vin svatntrata varshaganth par kee prakar ke alag-alag moolyon ke dak tikat v dak samagriyan samay–samay par jari ki hain. shanti ke masiha v sahastrabdi ke nayak ke roop men bhi anek deshon ne, gandhi ji ke chitron ko adhar banakar dak tikat v any dak samagriyan jari ki hain. kee deshon ne mahatma gandhi par dak tikat hi nahin balki miniechar aur soviniyar shits jari ki. aj is bat ki hairani hai ki duniya ke adhikansh deshon ne bapoo par tikat jari kar unhen samman diya, lekin pakistan ne nahin. shanti ke is doot ki upeksha ki hi shayad vajah hai ki pakistan men kabhi bhi shanti bahal nahin huee.

rashtrapita mahatma gandhi par sarvadhik dak tikat unake janm shatabdi varsh 1969 men jari hue the. us varsh vishv ke 35 deshon ne un par 70 se adhik dak tikat jari kie the. lakhanoo philaitalik klab ke snsthapak evn sachiv eseme jaidi ke mutabik bapoo par sauth aphrika ne sat, esedala ne nau, bhootan ne 10, yooese v dominika ne chhah-chhah, brajil, gret briten, somaliya v tanajaniya ne tin-tin, jarmani v jambiya ne char-char aur roos ne do dak tikat jari kie. shri jaidi ne bataya 104 desh gandhi ji par 300 se adhik dak tikat v speshal kavar nikal chuke hain. bharat men gandhi ji par 1948 men panch, 1969 men char, 1973 men neharoo ji ke sath, 1979 men ek bachchi ke sath, 1980 men dandi march par ek dak tikat jari hua tha. isake bad 1992 men bharat chhodo andolan par do, 1995 men bharat-dakshin aphrika par do, 1998 men mahatma gandhi ke 50ven nirvan divas par char aur 2001 men mahatma gandhi miliniyam par do dak tikat jari kie ge.

inake alava ab tak 15 samany dak tikat v 200 se adhik vishesh avaran bhi jari ho chuke hain. snyukt rashtr sngh ki 2007 men gandhi ji ke janmadin ko prati varsh vishv ahinsa divas ke roop men manae jane ka nirnay bhi aham hai. isi kadi men ahinsapeks-2, 2009 ke mauke par bhi arntarashtriy ahinsa divas se sambndhit speshal kavar jipio men sipiemaji karnal kamalesh chandr, nideshak sachin kishor v vike daksh ne jari kiya. lakhanoo philaitalik klab ke prayas se panch rupe ki kimat vale is speshal kavar par gandhi ji ki photo ke sath rashtriy dhvaj ko bhi shamil kiya gaya hai. kavar par saty ahinsa ke anuyayi-mahatma gandhi evn rashtriy dhvaj bhi chhapa gaya hai.

samman men jari dak tikat

bharatavarsh se bahar ke deshon men lagabhag 100 se bhi adhik ne gandhi ji ke jivan se jude vibhinn pahaluon ko kendr men rakhate hue unake jivan par adharit vibhinn dak samagriyan v dak–tikat jari kie hain. in deshon men vishv ke sabhi mahadvipon ke desh shamil hain.

gandhi ji ke samman men jari vibhinn deshon ke dak tikat
  • eshiya mahadvip men roos (rashiya), kazakistan, afaganistan, viyatanam, barma (vartaman myanmar), eeran, bhootan, shrilnka, kazakistan, turkamenistan, kiragijistan, yaman, siriya aur saipras jaise desh inamen pramukh hain.
  • yooropiy deshon men beljiyam, hngari, chekoslovakiya, jarmani, jibraltar, briten (inglaind), yoonan, rom, malta, paulend, romaniya, ayaralaind, lakzamabarg, eezadel dvip samooh, maikodoniya (mesedoniya), sain marino aur stafa skaautalaind ke nam pramukh hain.
  • amariki deshon men snyukt rajy amarika (yoonaited stet), brajil, chili, kostarika, kyooba, greneda, guyana, maiksiko, monteseret, panama, soorinam, urugve, venejuela, trininad (trinidad) aur tobaigo, gaibaaun nikaragua, nevis, dominika, entigua aur barabuda ke nam ullekhaniy hain.
  • aphriki deshon men burkina phaso kaimaroon, chad qamarooj, kango, mishr, gaiban, ganbiya, ghana, laiberiya, maidagaskar, mali, maritainiya, maaurishas, morakko, mojanbik, naijar, senegal, siera liyon, somaliya, dakshin aphrika, tnjaniya, togo, yooganda aur janbiya ke nam pramukh hain.
  • astreliyaee deshon men aaustreliya, palaoo, maikroneshiya aur marshal dvip pramukh hain.
  • atirikt desho men saeeberiya, greneda, yoojeriya, snyukt arab ganarajy, naijiriya hain.

vibhinn prakar ke dak tikat

gandhi ji ke tarah-tarah ke dak tikat
  • maaurishas ne 1969 men gandhi ji ki svarn jaynti ke avasar par 6 tikaton ki ek sundar samoohika jari ki thi. in tikaton men gandhi ji ki chh: vibhinn mudraon ko liya gaya hai. maaurishas men samooh ke roop men jari kiya jane vala yah pahala tikat tha. 6 tikaton ke is samoohik tikat ke hashiye par pensil se bharat ke gramin parivesh ke anek sundar drishy aur sanskritik v rajanitik mahattv ke chhote-bade anek drishyon ko badi sundarata ke sath ankit kiya gaya hai.
  • 1896 men unake johansabarg ke karyalay men khinche ge ek chitr ko 'bharat, dakshin afrika, guyana, marshal dvip aur skaautalaind' sahit kee deshon ne apane dak tikaton ka vishay banaya hai. marshal dvip ke is tikat men gandhi ji ko vahan ke mazadooron ke hiton ke lie andolan karate hue dikhaya gaya hai. roos apane bade akar ke sundar dak tikaton ke karan poore vishv men jana jata hai.
  • bharat ke atirikt snyukt rajy amarika vah pahala desh hai jisane mahatma gandhi ke sammanasvaroop sabase pahale dak tikat jari kie. amerika ne 26 janavari, 1961 ko mahatma gandhi par dak tikat jari kie the. amerika ne yah tikat 'chainpiyns aauf libarti sirij' ke tahat jari kie the. snyukt rajy amarika ke in tikaton par ankit chitr bhi ek bharatiy chitrakar 'ar.el. lekhi' dvara upalabdh karae ge aur inhen do vibhinn mudraon men vikray ke lie jari kiya gaya. char sent aur ath sent ke mooly ke in do dak tikaton ki 12,00,00,000 aur 4,00,00,000 pratiyan jari ki gee thin. yah bhi ek ashcharyajanak tathy hai ki aj tak mahatma gandhi ke sammanasvaroop jari kie ge tikaton ki itani badi snkhya pahale kabhi prakashit nahin ki gee.
  • sal 1969 gandhi ji ki janmashatabdi ke avasar par briten samet lagabhag 40 deshon ne unapar dak tikat jari kie. 'briten' dvara jari kiya gaya ek tikat kisi bhi videshi vyakti par jari kiya gaya briten ka pahala dak tikat tha. briten sarakar dvara gandhi ji ko yah samman dene par vahan ke snsad men kafi ho halla bhi hua tha. briten ke kuchh sansadon ko sarakar ka yah phaisala zara bhi achchha nahin laga tha. unhonne kaha ki jis adami ke karan bharat men briten samrajy ka ant hua use samman dene ka kya matalab hai? lekin in sabake bad bhi bharatiy mool ke british nagarik 'biman malik' ne gandhi ji par dak tikat dijain kiya, jise british sarakar ne jari kiya tha. sal 1972 men kolakata men gandhi ji par jari kie ge dak tikaton ki ek antarrashtriy tikaton ki pradarshani men isi tikat ko sabase behatarin tikat ka puraskar mila tha. isake sath hi ek pratham divas kavar bhi jari kiya gaya tha, jis par lal rng se 'charakhe' ki akriti banaee gee thi.
  • kango namak afriki ganarajy dvara jari dak tikat kisi bhi afriki desh dvara gandhi ji ke smritisvaroop jari kiya gaya pahala dak tikat tha. vishv ke sabhi deshon men, bharat aur snyukt rajy amarika ke bad, mahatma gandhi par tikat jari karane vala vah tisara ganarajy tha.
  • uzabekistan sarakar ki or se jari kie ge rashtrapita mahatma gandhi se snbndhit 25 dak tikaton ki sirij ko bhi shamil kiya hai, jinamen mahatma gandhi ke bachapan se lekar unake jivan se snbndhit vibhinn mahattvapoorn ghatanaon ko chitron ke madhyam se darshaya gaya hai.
  • isi tarah ke 'senta aeesalaind' namak desh ke dvara jari kiye char dak tikaton ka set bhi gandhi sngrahalay men abhi shamil hua hai. isamen riflaikshan takanik ke dvara mahatma gandhi ka chitr ek kon se tatha doosare kon se mahatma gandhi ke sajo-saman ko ankit kiya gaya hai.
  • turqamenistan 1997 men ek tikat jari kiya jisamen bharat ki bhootapoorv pradhanamntri indira gandhi ko bhi dikhaya gaya hai. tikat ke kalakar ne indira ji ko mahatma gandhi ki putri samajh kar is tikat men sath–sath dikhaya. bad men pata chalane par bhi tikat ko vaise hi rahane diya gaya. yah tikat bharat ki svatntrata ke 50 varsh poore hone ke upalakshy men prakashit kiya gaya tha.
mahatma gandhi aur kastooraba gandhi ki pratima, birala haus, dilli
  • ganbiya ke tikat men gandhi ji ko unaki suprasiddh gandhi topi men dekha ja sakata hai. yah vishv ka ekamatr aisa tikat hai jisamen gandhi ji ne yah topi pahani hai. is prakar dak tikaton ke bare men jan kar snpoorn vishv men mahatma gandhi ke prati samman v adar ke bhav ko asani se samajha ja sakata hai.
  • svatantrata ke bad sanh 1948 men mahatma gandhi par dedh ana, sadhe़ tin ana, barah ana aur das rupaye ke moolyon men jari dak tikaton par tatkalin garvanar janaral chakravarti rajagopalachari ne gavarnament haus men sarakari kam men prayukt karane hetu ‘sarvis’ shabd chhapava diya tha, jisaki alochana ke bad kisi ki smriti men jari dak tikaton ke oopar ‘sarvis’ nahin chhapa jata. un tikaton ko turant nasht kar diya gaya. par in do-tin dinon men jari 'sarvis' chhape char dak tikaton ke set ka mooly durlabhata ke chalate aj tin lakh rupaye se adhik hai.
  • bhootan dvara jari plastik ka dak tikat, maikronesiya ka 'lidar aauf tvailth senchuri dak tikat', manavadhikar ghoshana ki chalisavin varshaganth par domenika ka gandhi tikat, jisamen gandhi ji ko 'martin loothar king, elbart ainstin aur roozavelt ke sath dikhaya gaya hai.
  • dakshin amerika ka 10 tikaton ka set jisamen neharoo, gandhi aur patel shamil hain.
  • 1979 men bharat men jari kiya gaye dak-tikat men bapoo ko bachche se sneh karate hue darshaya gaya hai. yah chitr mahatma gandhi ka bachchon ke prati prem ko darshata hai.
  • sal 1978 men gandhi ji ki 30vin puny tithi ke avasar par 'mali' (pashchimi afrika) ne dak tikat jari kiya. isake 10 sal bad 1988 men shrilnka ne bhi gandhi ji par dak tikat jari kiya. kee deshon ne unaki 50vin punyatithi par bhi dak tikat jari kie. 20 julaee 1997 ko shikago sarakar ne ek postamark bhi jari kiya. yah tisara mauqa tha jab gandhi ji ke nam par amerika men postamark jari kiya gaya. sal 1972 men brajil aur 1978, 1986 men jarmani ne bhi gandhi ji par dak tikat jari kie the.
  • bharat ki svatntrata ki 50vin varshaganth ke mauqe par gandhi ji phir se dak tikaton par chha ge. is mauqe par turqamenistan, venezuela, bhootan aur kyooba ne bharat ko sammanit karane ke lie gandhi ji par dak tikat jari kie.
  • aishvarya ray ke sath mahatma gandhi ka koee mel ho sakata hai yah sochana atapata lagata hai, lekin sanh 2008 men dakshin aphrika ke dvipiy desh gini ne gandhi ji par jo dak tikat jari kiya hai, usaki miniyechar shit men prishthabhoomi men aishvarya ray hai aur amukh par mahatma gandhi pn. javahar lal neharoo se batiyate dikh rahe hai. mahatma gandhi ka ek aur vichitr prastutikaran afrika mahadvip ke hi desh barundi ne kiya. yahan ki sarakar ne 2007 men mahatma gandhi par dak tikat jari karane ka nishchay kiya. isake lie jo miniyechar shit banaee gee usamen parivar sahit gandhi ji ko dikhane ke chakkar men mahatma gandhi ke sath indira gandhi, rajiv gandhi aur rahul gandhi ke chitr shamil kiye gaye hai.



pichhe jaen
dak tikaton men mahatma gandhi
age jaen

chitr vithika

bharatiy dak tikaton men mahatma gandhi
videshi dak tikaton men mahatma gandhi
panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh


suvyavasthit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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