राजकुमार शुक्ल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rajakumar shukl
rajakumar shukl
poora nam rajakumar shukl
janm 23 agast, 1875
janm bhoomi champaran, bihar
mrityu 20 mee, 1929
mrityu sthan motihari, bihar
nagarikata bharatiy
vishesh yogadan chnparan satyagrah men aham yogadan diya.
any janakari ye rajakumar shukl hi the jinhonne gandhiji ko chnparan ane ko badhy kiya aur ane ke bad gandhiji ke bare men maukhik prachar karake sabako bataya taki janamanas gandhi par bharosa kar sake aur gandhi ke netritv men andolan chal sake.

rajakumar shukl (angrezi: Raj Kumar Shukla, janm: 23 agast, 1875 - mrityu: 20 mee, 1929) bharat ke svatntrata sngram ke samay bihar ke chnparan ke nivasi aur svatntrata senani the. ye rajakumar shukl hi the jinhonne gandhiji ko chnparan ane ko badhy kiya aur ane ke bad gandhiji ke bare men maukhik prachar karake sabako bataya taki janamanas gandhi par bharosa kar sake aur gandhi ke netritv men andolan chal sake.

chnparan satyagrah men yogadan

mahatma gandhi ke chnparan satyagrah men darjanon nam aise rahe jinhonne din-rat ek kar gandhi ka sath diya. apana sarvasv tyag diya. un darjanon logon ke tap, tyag, sngharsh, mehanat ka hi asar raha ki kathiyavadi dres men pahunche bairistar mohanadas karamachnd gandhi chnparan se ‘mahatma’ banakar lautate hain aur phir bharat ki rajaniti men ek nee dhara bahate hain. gandhi 1917 men chnparan ae to sabane jana. gandhiji ke chnparan ane ke pahale bhi ek badi abadi nilahon se apane samarthy ke anusar badi ladaee lad rahi thi. us abadi ka netritv shekh gulab, rajakumar shukl, harabnsh sahay, pir mohammad munish, snt raut, domaraj sinh, radhumal maravadi jaise log kar rahe the. yah gandhiji ke chnparan ane ke karib ek dashak pahale ki bat hai. 1907-08 men nilahon se chnparan valon ki bhidnt huee thi. yah ghatana kam aitihasik mahatv nahin rakhati. shekh gulab jaise janbaj ne to nilahon ka hal behal kar diya tha. chnparan satyagrah ka adhyayan karane vale bhairavalal das kahate hain, ‘sathi ke ilake men shekh ne to angrej babuon aur unake ardaliyon ko patak-patakakar mara tha. is andolan men chnparan valon par 50 se adhik mukadame hue aur 250 se adhik log jel gaye. shekh gulab sidhe bhide to pir mohammad munish jaise kalamakar ‘pratap’ jaise akhabar men in ghatanaon ki riporting karake tathyon ko ujagar kar desh-duniya ko isase avagat karate rahe. rajakumar shukl jaise log raiyaton ko andolit karane ke lie ek jagah se doosari jagah ki bhag-daud karate rahe.’

rajakumar shukl aur gandhiji

1909 men gorale namak ek adhikari ko bheja gaya. tab nil ki kheti men pnchakathiya pratha chal rahi thi yani ek bigha jamin ke panch katthe men nil ki kheti anivary thi. ‘is andolan ka hi asar raha ki pnchakathiya ki pratha tinakathiya men badalane lagi yani raiyaton ko panch ki jagah tin katthe men nil ki kheti karane ke lie nilahon ne kaha.’ ‘gandhiji ke ane ke pahale chnparan men in sare nayakon ki bhoomika mahatvapoorn rahi.’ inamen kaun mahatvapoorn nayak tha, tay karana mushkil hai. sabaki apani bhoomika thi, sabaka apana mahatv tha, lekin 1907-08 ke is andolan ke bad gandhi ko chnparan lane men aur unhen satyagrahi banane men sabase mahatvapoorn bhoomika rahi rajakumar shukl ki. ye rajakumar shukl hi the jo gandhiji ko chnparan lane ki koshish karate rahe. gandhiji ko chnparan bulane ke lie ek jagah se doosari jagah daud lagate rahe. chitthiyan likhavate rahe.
chitthiyan gandhiji ko bhejate rahe. paise n hone par chnda karake, udhar lekar gandhiji ke pas jate rahe. kabhi amrit bajar patrika ke daphtar men rat gujarakar kalakatta (ab kolakata) men gandhiji ka intajar karate rahate, kee bar akhabar ke kagaj ko jalakar khana banakar khate to kabhi bhada bachane ke lie shavayatra vali gadi par savar hokar yatra karate. rajakumar shukl ke aise kee prasng hain. khud gandhiji ne apani atmakatha ‘maee eksaperiment vid trooth’ men rajakumar shukl par ek poora adhyay likha hai.[1]

raaulet ekt ka virodh

pndit rajakumar shukl

rajakumar shukl ki jindagi ka ek mahatvapoorn adhyay gandhiji ke chnparan se chale jane ke bad ka hai, jis par adhik bat nahin hoti. unake jane ke bad bhi shukl ka kam jari rahata hai. raaulet ekt ke viruddh ve graminon men jan jagaran phailate rahe. is ekt ko march, 1919 men angrejon ne bharat men ubhar rahe rashtriy andolan ko kuchalane ke uddeshy se banaya tha. yah kanoon sar sidani raaulet ki adhyakshata vali samiti ki sipharishon ke adhar par banaya gaya tha. isake anusar britani sarakar ko yah adhikar prapt ho gaya tha ki vah kisi bhi bharatiy par adalat men bina mukadama chalae aur bina dnd die use jel men bnd kar sakati thi. is kanoon ke tahat aparadhi ko usake khilaph mukadama darj karane vale ka nam janane ka adhikar bhi samapt kar diya gaya tha. is kanoon ke virodh men deshavyapi hadatalen, juloos aur pradarshan hone lage. gandhiji ne vyapak hadatal ka ahvan kiya. gauratalab hai ki jaliyanvala bag men raaulet ekt ka virodh karane ke lie ek sabha ho rahi thi, jisamen angrej adhikari janaral dayar ne akaran us sabha men upasthit bhid par goliyan chalava di thin. is kanoon ke khilaf bhi ve janata ko jagrit kar rahe the. rajakumar shukl 1920 men hue asahayog andolan men bhi sakriy rahe. ve chnparan men kisan sabha ka kam kar rahe the. rajakumar shukl ko gandhiji ki khabar akhabaron se milati rahati thi. unhonne unhen phir se chnparan ane ke lie kee patr likhe par gandhiji ka koee ashvasan nahin mila. shukl apani jirn-shirn kaya lekar 1929 ki shuruat men sabaramati ashram pahunche jahan gandhiji se unaki mulakat huee. gandhiji ne unase kaha ki apaki tapasya avashy rng laegi. rajakumar ne age poochha, kya main vah din dekh paoonga? gandhiji niruttar rahe. sabaramati se lautakar shukl apane ganv satabariya nahin ge. unaka svasthy thik nahin chal raha tha. 54 varsh ki umr men 1929 men motihari men unaki mrityu ho gee. mrityu ke samay unaki beti devapati vahin rahati thi. mrityu ke poorv shukl ne apani beti se hi mukhagni dilavane ki ichchha jahir ki. motihari ke logon ne isake lie chnda kiya. motihari men ramababoo ke bagiche men shukl ka antim snskar hua. unake shraddh men daau. rajendr prasad, anugrah narayan sinh, brajakishor prasad adi darjanon neta maujood the.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kahani rajakumar shukl ki, jinhonne chnparan men taiyar ki gandhi ke satyagrah ki jamin (hindi) tahalaka daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 11 aprail, 2018.
  2. gandhi ko 'mahatma' banane vale rajakumar (hindi) panchajany. abhigaman tithi: 11 aprail, 2018.

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