जलियाँवाला बाग़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jaliyanvala bag
jaliyanvala bag smarak, amritasar
vivaran jaliyanvala bag amritasar men sthit ek aitihasik bag hai.
rajy pnjab
zila amritasar
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 31° 37' 13.91", poorv- 74° 52' 49.12"
marg sthiti jaliyanvala bag amritasar relave steshan se lagabhag 2 se 3 ki.mi. ki doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi jaliyanvala bag hatyakand aj bhi british shasan ke janaral dayar ki kahani kahata nazar ata hai, jab usane saikadon nirdosh deshabhakton ko andhadhundh golibari kar mar dala tha.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas v kar
havaee adda shri guru ram das ji antararashtriy havaee adda, raja sansi havaee adda
relave steshan amritasar relave steshan
bas adda amritasar bas adda
yatayat taiksi, aauto riksha, riksha
kahan thaharen hotal, atithi grah, dharmashala
es.ti.di. kod 0183
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
snbndhit lekh gurudvare amritasar, kharuddin masjid, bagha baaurdar, hathi get mndir, ranajit sinh sngrahalay, akal takht
any janakari jaliyanvala bag namak sthan par 13 aprail, 1919 ee. ko angrezon ki senaon ne bharatiy pradarshanakariyon par andhadhundh goliyan chalakar badi snkhya men unaki hatya kar di.
adyatan‎

jaliyanvala bag amritasar, pnjab rajy men sthit hai. is sthan par 13 aprail, 1919 ee. ko angrezon ki senaon ne bharatiy pradarshanakariyon par andhadhundh goliyan chalakar badi snkhya men unaki hatya kar di. is hatyari sena ki tukadi ka netritv british shasan ke atyachari janaral dayar ne kiya. jaliyanvala bag hatyakand aj bhi british shasan ke janaral dayar ki kahani kahata nazar ata hai, jab usane saikadon nirdosh deshabhakton ko andhadhundh golibari kar mar dala tha. vah tarikh aj bhi vishv ke bade narasnharon men se ek ke roop men darj hai.

janata ka akrosh

gandhi ji tatha kuchh any netaon ke pnjab pradesh par pratibndh lage hone ke karan vahan ki janata men bada akrosh vyapt tha. yah akrosh us samay aur adhik badh gaya, jab pnjab ke do lokapriy neta daauktar satyapal evn saifuddin kichaloo ko amritasar ke dipti kamishnar ne bina kisi karan ke giraphtar kar liya. isake virodh men janata ne ek shantipoorn juloos nikala. pulis ne juloos ko age badhane se roka aur rokane men saphal na hone par age badh rahi bhid par goliyan chala di, jisake parinamasvaroop do log mare gaye. juloos ne ugr roop dharan kar liya. sarakari imaraton ko ag laga di gee aur isake sath hi panch angrez bhi jan se mar diye ge. amritasar shahar ki sthiti se baukhala kar british sarakar ne 10 aprail, 1919 ee. ko shahar ka prashasan sainy adhikari brigediyar janaral dayar ko saunp diya. usane 12 aprail ko kuchh giraphtariyan bhi kin aur kadi karyavahi karavayi.

sabha ka ayojan

1919 ee. men bharat ki british sarakar ne raaulet ekt ka shantipoorvak virodh karane par jananetaon pahale hi giraphtar kar liya tha. is giraphtari ki ninda karane aur pahale hue goli kand ki bhartsana karane ke lie 13 aprail, 1919 ee. ko baishakhi ke din sham ko qarib sadhe char baje amritasar ke jaliyanvala bag men ek sabha ka ayojan hua. is sabha men 20,000 vyakti ikatthe hue the. doosari or dayar ne us din sadhe nau baje sabha ko avaidhanik ghoshit kar diya tha. sabha men daauktar kichaloo evn satyapal ki rihaee evn raulat ekt ke virodh men bhashanavaji ki ja rahi thi.

ghatanakram

vah ravivar ka din tha aur as-pas ke ganvon ke anek kisan hinduon tatha sikkhon ka utsav baisakhi banane amritasar ae the. yah bag charon or se ghira hua tha. andar jane ka keval ek hi rasta tha. janaral dayar ne apane sipahiyon ko bag ke ekamatr tng pravesh marg par tainat kiya tha. bag sath-sath sati eenton ki imaraton ke pichhavade ki divaron se tin taraph se ghira tha. dayar ne bina kisi chetavani ke 50 sainikon ko goliyan chalane ka adesh diya aur chikhate, atnkit bhagate nihatthe bachchon, mahilaon, boodhon ki bhid par 10-15 minat men 1650 goliyan dag di geen. jinamen se kuchh log apani jan bachane ki koshish karane men lage logon ki bhagadad men kuchal kar mar ge. is hatyakand men hnsaraj nam ke ek vyakti ne dayar ko sahayog diya tha.

shahidon ke ankade

sarakari anumanon ke anusar, lagabhag 400 log mare ge aur 1200 ke lagabhag ghayal hue, jinhen koee chikitsa suvidha nahin di gee. amritasar ke dipti kamishnar karyalay men 484 shahidon ki soochi hai. jaliyanvala bag men 388 shahidon ki soochi hai. british shasan ke abhilekh men is ghatana men 200 logon ke ghayal, 379 logon ke shahid hone ki bat svikar ki gayi thi, jisamen se 337 purush, 41 nabalig kishor ladake aur ek 6 saptah ka bachcha bhi tha. anadhikarik ankadon men kaha jata hai ki 1000 se adhik log mare ge the aur lagabhag 2000 se bhi adhik ghayal ho gaye the.

  • dinabandhu eph. endrooj ne is hatyakand ko 'janaboojhakar ki gee kroor hatya kaha.' amritasar ke is narasnhar ko mantegyoo tak ne nivarak hatya kahakar tivr alochana ki. jaliyanvala bag hatyakand ke samay pnjab ka lephtinent garvanar maikal o. dayar tha. usane dayar ke is krity ke sndarbh men kaha ki 'tumhari karyavahi thik hai, gavarnar ise svikar karata hai.'

dayar ka tark

janaral dayar ne apani karravaee ko sahi thaharane ke lie tark diye aur kaha ki- "naitik aur dooragami prabhav ke lie yah zaroori tha. isalie mainne goli chalavaee." dayar ne svikar kar kaha ki- "agar aur karatoos hote, to fayaring zari rahati." nihatthe nar-nari, balak-vriddhon par angrezi sena tab tak goli chalati rahi, jab tak ki unake pas goliyan samapt nahin ho geen. kangres ki janch kameti ke anuman ke anusar ek hazar se adhik vyakti vahin mare ge the. saikadon vyakti zinda kune men kood gaye the. goliyan bharatiy sipahiyon se chalavaee gayin thin aur unake pichhe snginen tanen gore sipaee khade the. is hatyakand ki sab jagah ninda huee, kintu 'british haus aauf ladars' men janaral dayar ki prashnsa ki gee.

mahapurush kathan

is barbar hatyakand ke bad 15 aprail ko pnjab ke lahaur, gujaranvala, kasoor, shekhapura evn vajirabad men 'marshal laau' lagoo kar diya gaya, jisamen lagabhag 298 vyaktiyon ko giraphtar kar anek tarah ki sajayen di gayin. bharatiy sadasy shnkar nayar ne is hatyakand ke virodh men vayasaray ki karyakarini parishad se istipha de diya. ravindr nath taigor ne kshubdh hokar apani 'sar' ki upadhi vapas kar di. sath hi taigor ne kaha "samay a gaya hai, jab samman ke tamage apaman ke betuke sndarbh men hamare kalnk ko suspashth kar dete hain aur jahan tak mera prashn hai, mai sabhi vishesh upadhiyon se rahit hokar apane deshavashiyo ke sath khada hona chahata hoon." is kand ke bare men thaaumpasan evn gairat ne likha ki "amritasar dughartana bharat-briten sambandhon men yugantakari ghatana thi, jaisa ki 1857 ka vidroh."

janch ayog ka gathan

pnjab prant ke gavarnar maikel o. dayar ne amritasar men hue narasnhar ka samarthan kiya, use sahi bataya aur 15 aprail ko poore prant men marshal laau lagoo kar diya, lekin vaisaraauy chemsaford ne is karravaee ko galat faisala bataya aur videsh mntri edh-vin maauntegyoo ne narasnhar ka pata chalane par laaurd hntar ki adhyakshata men janch ayog ka gathan kiya. bharatiy rashtriy kangres ne apani alag janch samiti gathit ki. yadyapi bad men dayar ko pad se hata diya gaya, lekin briten men vah bahuton ke lie visheshakar knzaravetiv parti ke lie, vah nayak banakar laute. unhonne dayar ko ratnajadit talavar bhent ki, jis par likha tha, 'pnjab ka rakshak' aur chnda karake use do hazar paund ka inam diya gaya .

raaulet ekt ki pratikriya

svatntrata sngram par kee pustaken likh chuke 'prophesar chaman lal' ka kathan hai ki british shasan azadi ki ladaee men hinduon aur musalamanon ki ekata ko dekhakar ghabara gaya tha. unhonne donon samudayon men dharm ke adhar par nafarat ki divar khadi karane ki koshishen kin, lekin ve saphal nahin ho pa rahe the.

goli ke nishan, jaliyanvala bag, amritasar

british shasan ne jab raaulet ekt lagoo kiya to poore desh men azadi ki lahar aee. pnjab men isaka zyada asar tha. raaulet ekt ke virodh men 13 aprail 1919 ko shantipoorn tariqe se amritasar ke jaliyanvala bag men ek janasabha rakhi gee, jise viphal karane ke lie british shasan hinsa par utar aya.

hadatal aur british shasan

pro.chaman lal ke anusar chhah aprail ko poore pnjab men hadatal rahi aur 10 aprail 1919 ko hindoo aur musalamanon ne milakar bahut bade star par ramanavami ke tyohar ka ayojan kiya. hindoo muslim ekata se pnjab ka tatkalin gavarnar maikal odavayar ghabara gaya. british shasan ne 13 aprail ki janasabha ko viphal karane ke lie sam, dam, dnd, bhed ka prayog kiya. logon ko darane ke lie is sabha se kuchh din pahale hi 22 deshabhakton ko maut ke ghat utar diya gaya tha.

10 aprail 1919 ko british shasan ne do bade netaon daau. satyapal aur saifuddin kichaloo ko varta ke lie bulavaya aur unhen giraphtar kar liya gaya. unhen kalapani ki saza de di gee. 10 aprail 1919 ko amritasar up kamishnar se in donon netaon ko riha karane ki mang ki gee kintu britishon ne shanti se virodh kar rahi janata par goliyan chalava din jisase tanav aur badh gaya. us din bainkon, sarakari bhavanon, taun haaul, relave steshanon par agazani huee. is hinsa men 5 yooropiy nagarikon ki hatya ho gee. isake bad british sipahi bharatiy janata par goliyan chalate rahe jisase lagabhag 8 se 20 bharatiyon ki mrityu ho gayi. agale do din amritasar shant raha kintu pnjab ke kee kshetron men hinsa phail gee. ise dabane ke lie british shasan ne pnjab men marshal laau lagoo kar diya.

gandhi ji ki giraphtari

british shasan ne jaliyanvala bag ki janasabha men bhag lene ja rahe mahatma gandhi ko bhi 10 aprail ko palaval relave steshan se giraphtar kar liya. apane netaon ki giraphtari se log bhadak gaye aur 13 aprail 1919 ko baisakhi ke din hazaron ki snkhya men jaliyanvala bag pahunche. hindoo, sikh aur musalamanon ki ekata se apane shasan ko khatare men dekhakar british shasan ne bharatiyon ko sabak sikhane ke lie yah sab kiya. jaliyanvala bag men goliyon ke nishan aj bhi maujood hain jo british shasan ke atyachar ki kahani kahate hain.

janasnhar ki pratikriyaen

jaliyanvala bag, amritasar

gurudev ravindr nath taigor ne is hatyakand ka mukhar virodh kiya aur virodh svaroop apani 'naitahud' ki upadhi ko vapas kar diya tha. azadi ka sapana aisi bhayavah ghatana ke bad bhi past nahin hua. is ghatana ke bad azadi hasil karane ki ichchha aur zor se uphan padi. yadyapi un dinon snchar ke sadhan kam the, phir bhi yah samachar poore desh men ag ki tarah phail gaya. 'azadi ka sapana' pnjab hi nahin, poore desh ke bachche-bachche ke sir par chadh kar bolane laga. us dauran hazaron bharatiyon ne jaliyanvala bag ki mitti se mathe par tilak lagakar desh ko azad karane ka dridh snkalp liya. is ghatana se pnjab poori tarah se bharatiy svatntrata andolan men sammilit ho gaya aur isi snhar ki pratikriya ke phalasvaroop gandhi ji ne 1920 men asahayog andolan prarnbh kiya. jaliyanvala bag hatyakand ke samay udham sinh jaliyanvala bag men the. udham sinh ko bhi goli lagi thi. unhonne isaka badala lene ke lie 13 march 1940 ko lndan ke kaiksatan haaul men bam visphot kiya. is ghatana ke samay british leftinent gavarnar mayakal o dayar ko goli se mar dala. oodham sinh ko 31 julaee 1940 ko phansi de di gayi. gandhi ji aur javaharalal neharoo ne oodham sinh dvara ki gee is hatya ki ninda ki thi. jaliyanvala bag hatyakand ka 12 varsh ki umr ke bhagat sinh ke bal man par gahara asar dala aur isaki soochana prapt hote hi bhagat sinh apane skool se 12 mil paidal chalakar jaliyanvala bag pahunch ge the.

smarak

azadi ke bad ameriki dizainar benjamin pok ne jaliyanvala bag smarak ka dizain taiyar kiya, jisaka udghatan 13 aprail, 1961 ko kiya gaya.

vithika

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah