भगतसिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(भगत सिंह se punarnirdeshit)
bhagatasinh
Bhagat-Singh.gif
poora nam shahid-e-azam amar shahid saradar bhagatasinh
any nam bhagan vala
janm 28 sitnbar, 1907[1]
janm bhoomi layalapur, pnjab
mrityu 23 march, 1931 ee.
mrityu sthan lahaur, pnjab
mrityu karan shahid
abhibhavak saradar kishan sinh
nagarikata bharatiy
dharm sikh
andolan bharatiy svatntrata sngram
jel yatra asembali bamakand (8 aprail, 1929)
vidyalay di.e.vi. skool
shiksha barahavin
snbndhit lekh sukhadev, rajaguru, main nastik kyon hoon? -bhagatasinh
pramukh sngathan 'nauzavan bharat sabha', 'kirti kisan parti' evn 'hindustan samajavadi ganatntr sngh'
rachanaen atmakatha 'di dor too deth' (maut ke daravaze par), 'aidiyal aauf़ soshalijm' (samajavad ka adarsh), 'svadhinata ki ladaee men pnjab ka pahala ubhar'.

amar shahid saradar bhagatasinh (angrezi: Bhagat Singh, janm- 28 sitnbar, 1907[1], layalapur, pnjab, mrityu- 23 march, 1931, lahaur, pnjab) ka nam vishv men 20vin shatabdi ke amar shahidon men bahut ooncha hai. bhagatasinh ne desh ki azadi ke lie jis sahas ke sath shaktishali british sarakar ka muqabala kiya, vah aj ke yuvakon ke lie ek bahut bada adarsh hai. bhagatasinh apane desh ke liye hi jiye aur usi ke lie shahid bhi ho gaye.

jivan parichay

bhagatasinh ka janm 28 sitnbar, 1907[1] ko pnjab ke zila layalapur men bnga ganv (pakistan) men hua tha, ek deshabhakt sikkh parivar men hua tha, jisaka anukool prabhav un par pada tha. bhagatasinh ke pita 'saradar kishan sinh' evn unake do chacha 'ajitasinh' tatha 'svarnasinh' angrezon ke khilaf hone ke karan jel men band the. jis din bhagatasinh paida hue unake pita evn chacha ko jel se riha kiya gaya. is shubh ghadi ke avasar par bhagatasinh ke ghar men khushi aur bhi badh gayi thi . bhagatasinh ki dadi ne bachche ka nam 'bhagan vala' (achchhe bhagy vala) rakha. bad men unhen 'bhagatasinh' kaha jane laga. ve 14 varsh ki ayu se hi pnjab ki krantikari snsthaon men kary karane lage the. di.e.vi. skool se unhonne navin ki pariksha uttirn ki. 1923 men intaramidiet ki pariksha pas karane ke bad unhen vivah bandhan men bandhane ki taiyariyan hone lagin to ve lahaur se bhagakar kanapur a gaye.

sampadakiy lekh

kanapur men unhen ganesh shnkar vidyarthi ka hardik sahayog bhi prapt hua. desh ki svatntrata ke lie akhil bharatiy star par krantikari dal ka punargathan karane ka shrey saradar bhagatasinh ko hi jata hai. unhonne kanapur ke 'pratap' men 'balavnt sinh' ke nam se tatha dilli men 'arjun' ke sampadakiy vibhag men 'arjun sinh' ke nam se kuchh samay kam kiya aur apane ko 'naujavan bharat sabha' se bhi sambaddh rakha.

krantikariyon ke sampark men

1919 men raaulekt ekt ke virodh men snpoorn bharat men pradarshan ho rahe the aur isi varsh 13 aprail ko jaliyanvala bag kand hua . is kand ka samachar sunakar bhagatasinh lahaur se amritasar pahunche. desh par mar-mitane vale shahidon ke prati shraddhanjali di tatha rakt se bhigi mitti ko unhonne ek botal men rakh liya, jisase sadaiv yah yad rahe ki unhen apane desh aur deshavasiyon ke apaman ka badala lena hai .

asahayog andolan ka prabhav

1920 ke mahatma gandhi ke asahayog andolan se prabhavit hokar 1921 men bhagatasinh ne skool chhod diya. asahayog andolan se prabhavit chhatron ke lie lala lajapat ray ne lahaur men 'neshanal kaaulej' ki sthapana ki thi. isi kaaulej men bhagatasinh ne bhi pravesh liya. 'pnjab neshanal kaaulej' men unaki deshabhakti ki bhavana phalane-phoolane lagi. isi kaaulej men hi yashapal, bhagavaticharan, sukhadev, tirtharam, jhandasinh adi krantikariyon se snpark hua. kaaulej men ek neshanal natak klab bhi tha. isi klab ke madhyam se bhagatasinh ne deshabhaktipoorn natakon men abhinay bhi kiya. ye natak the -

  1. rana pratap
  2. bharat-durdasha
  3. samrat chandragupt[2]

ve 'chandrashekhar azad' jais mahanh krantikari ke sampark men aye aur bad men unake pragadh mitr ban gaye. 1928 men 'sandars hatyakand' ke ve pramukh nayak the. 8 aprail, 1929 ko aitihasik 'asembali bamakand' ke bhi ve pramukh abhiyukt mane gaye the. jel men unhonne bhookh hadatal bhi ki thi. vastav men itihas ka ek adhyay hi bhagatasinh ke sahas, shaury, dridh saknlp aur balidan ki kahaniyon se bhara pada hai.

sephti bil tatha tred dispyoots bil ka virodh

vichar-vimarsh ke pashchath yah nirnay hua ki is sare kary ko bhagat sinh, sukhadev, rajaguru anjam denge. pnjab ke beton ne lajapat ray ke khoon ka badala khoon se le liya. sandars aur usake kuchh sathi goliyon se bhoon die ge. unhin dinon angrez sarakar dilli ki asenbali men pablik 'sephti bil' aur 'tred dispyoots bil' lane ki taiyari men thi. ye bahut hi damanakari qanoon the aur sarakar inhen pas karane ka phaisala kar chuki thi. shasakon ka is bil ko qanoon banane ke pichhe uddeshy tha ki janata men kranti ka jo bij panap raha hai use ankurit hone se pahale hi samapt kar diya jae.

asembali bamakand

sukhadev, bhagatasinh, rajaguru
Sukhdev, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru

gnbhir vichar-vimarsh ke pashchath 8 aprail 1929 ka din asenbali men bam phenkane ke lie tay hua aur is kary ke lie bhagat sinh evn batukeshvar datt nishchit hue. yadyapi asenbali ke bahut se sadasy is damanakari qanoon ke viruddh the tathapi vayasaray ise apane visheshadhikar se pas karana chahata tha. isalie yahi tay hua ki jab vayasaray pablik sephti bil ko qanoon banane ke lie prastut kare, thik usi samay dhamaka kiya jae aur aisa hi kiya bhi gaya. jaise hi bil snbndhi ghoshana ki gee tabhi bhagat sinh ne bam phenka. isake pashchath krantikariyon ko giraphtar karane ka daur chala. bhagat sinh aur batukeshrvar datt ko ajivan karavas mila.

bhagat sinh aur unake sathiyon par 'lahaur shadayntr' ka muqadama bhi jel men rahate hi chala. bhage hue krantikariyon men pramukh rajaguru poona se giraftar karake lae ge. ant men adalat ne vahi phaisala diya, jisaki pahale se hi ummid thi. bhagat sinh, sukhadev, rajaguru ko mrityudnd ki saza mili.

phansi ki saza

23 march, 1931 ki rat bhagat sinh, sukhadev aur rajaguru deshabhakti ko aparadh kahakar phansi par lataka die ge. yah bhi mana jata hai ki mrityudnd ke lie 24 march ki subah hi tay thi, lekin jan rosh se dari sarakar ne 23-24 march ki madhyaratri hi in viron ki jivanalila samapt kar di aur rat ke andhere men hi sataluj ke kinare unaka antim snskar bhi kar diya. 'lahaur shadayntr' ke muqadame men bhagatasinh ko fansi ki saza mili tatha 23 varsh 5 mah aur 23 din ki ayu men hi, 23 march 1931 ki rat men unhonne hnsate-hnsate snsar se vida le li. bhagatasinh ke uday se n keval apane desh ke svatntrata sngharsh ko gati mili varanh navayuvakon ke lie bhi prerana srot siddh hua. ve desh ke samast shahidon ke siramaur the. 24 march ko yah samachar jab deshavasiyon ko mila to log vahan pahunche, jahan in shahidon ki pavitr rakh aur kuchh asthiyan padi thin. desh ke divane us rakh ko hi sir par lagae un asthiyon ko snbhale angrezi samrajy ko ukhad phenkane ka snkalp lene lage. desh aur videsh ke pramukh netaon aur patron ne angrezi sarakar ke is kale karaname ki tivr ninda ki.

varsh ghatanakram
1919 varsh 1919 se lagaye gaye 'shasan sudhar adhiniyamon' ki janch ke lie faravari 1928 men 'saiman kamishan' mumbee pahuncha. poore bharat desh men isaka vyapak virodh hua.
1926 bhagatasinh ne lahaur men 'naujavan bharat sabha' ka gathan kiya . yah sabha dharmanirapeksh snstha thi.
1927 dashahare vale din chhal se bhagatasinh ko giraftar kar liya gaya. jhootha muqadama chala kintu ve bhagatasinh par arop siddh nahin kar pae, majabooran bhagatasinh ko chhodana pada .
1927 'kakori kes' men ramaprasad bismil, ashafak ulla, rajendr lahidi aur roshanasinh ko phansi de di gee .
sitnbar, 1928 krantikariyon ki baithak dilli ke phirojashah ke khndaharon men huee, jisamen bhagatasinh ke paramarsh par 'hindustan ripablikan esosieshan' ka nam badalakar 'hindustan soshalist ripablikan' kar diya gaya .
30 aktoobar, 1928 kamishan lahaur pahuncha. lala lajapat ray ke netritv men kamishan ke virodh men shantipoorn pradarshan hua. jisamen lala lajapataray par lathi barasayi gayin. ve khoon se lahooluhan ho ge. bhagatasinh ne yah sab apani ankhon se dekha.
17 navambar, 1928 lala ji ka dehant ho gaya. bhagatasinh badala lene ke lie tatpar ho ge. lala lajapataray ki hatya ka badala lene ke lie 'hindustan soshalist ripablikan esosieshan' ne bhagatasinh, rajaguru, sukhadev, azad aur jayagopal ko yah kary diya. krantikariyon ne sandars ko marakar lalaji ki maut ka badala liya.
8 aprail, 1929 bhagatasinh ne nishchit samay par asembali men bam phenka. donon ne nara lagaya 'inkalab zindabad'… ,anek parche bhi phenke, jinamen janata ka rosh prakat kiya gaya tha. bam phenkakar inhonne svayn ko giraftar karaya. apani avaz janata tak pahunchane ke lie apane muqadame ki pairavi unhonne khud ki.
7 mee, 1929 bhagatasinh aur batukeshvar datt ke viruddh adalat ka natak shuroo hua .
6 joon, 1929 bhagatasinh ne apane paksh men vaktavy diya, jisamen bhagatasinh ne svatntrata, samrajyavad, kranti par vichar rakhe aur krantikariyon ke vichar sari duniya ke samane aye.
12 joon, 1929 seshan jaj ne bharatiy dand snhita ki dhara 307 tatha visphotak padarth adhiniyam ki dhara 3 ke antargat ajivan karavas ki saza di. inhonne seshan jaj ke nirnay ke viruddh lahaur haikort men apil ki. yahan bhagatasinh ne pun: apana bhashan diya .
13 janavari, 1930 haeekort ne seshan jaj ke nirnay ko many thaharaya. inake muqadame ko tribyoonal ke havale kar diya .
5 mee, 1930 punchh haus, lahaur men muqadame ki sunavaee shuroo ki gee. azad ne bhagatasinh ko jel se chhudane ki yojana bhi banaee.
28 mee, 1930 bhagavaticharan bohara bam ka parikshan karate samay ghayal ho ge. unaki mrityu ho jane se yah yojana saphal nahin ho saki. adalat ki karravaee lagabhag tin mahine tak chalati rahi .
mee 1930 'naujavan bharat sabha' ko gair-qanooni ghoshit kar diya gaya.
26 agast, 1930 adalat ne bhagatasinh ko bharatiy dnd snhita ki dhara 129, 302 tatha visphotak padarth adhiniyam ki dhara 4 tatha 6 eph tatha bharatiy dand snhita ki dhara 120 ke antargat aparadhi siddh kiya.
7 aktoobar, 1930 68 prishthon ka nirnay diya, jisamen bhagatasinh, sukhadev tatha rajaguru ko phansi ki saza di gee. lahaur men dhara 144 laga di gee .
navambar 1930 privi parishad men apil dayar ki gee parantu yah apil 10 janavari, 1931 ko radd kar di gee. privi parishad men apil radd kie jane par bharat men hi nahin, videshon men bhi logon ne isake viruddh avaz uthaee .
24 march, 1931 phansi ka samay prat:kal 24 march, 1931 nirdharit hua tha.
23 march, 1931 sarakar ne 23 march ko saynkal 7.33 baje, unhen ek din pahale hi prat:kal ki jagah sndhya samay tinon deshabhakt krantikariyon ko ek sath phansi di. bhagatasinh tatha unake sathiyon ki shahadat ki khabar se sara desh shok ke sagar men doob chuka tha. mumbee, madras tatha kalakatta jaise mahanagaron ka mahaul chintaniy ho utha. bharat ke hi nahin videshi akhabaron ne bhi angrez sarakar ke is krity ki bahut alochanaen kin.

any mahattvapoorn tathy

  • javaharalal neharoo ne apani atmakatha men likha hai –
    bhagatasinh ek pratik ban gaya . sandars ke katl ka kary to bhula diya gaya lekin chihn shesh bana raha aur kuchh hi mah men pnjab ka pratyek ganv aur nagar tatha bahut kuchh uttari bharat usake nam se goonj utha . usake bare men bahut se giton ki rachana huee aur is prakar use jo lokapriyata prapt huee . vah ashcharyachakit kar dene vali thi
  • vah shahid ramaprasad bismil ki yah pnktiyan gate the–

mera rng de basnti chola .
isi rng men rng ke shiva ne man ka bndhan khola ॥
mera rng de basnti chola
yahi rng haldighati men khulakar tha khela .
nav basnt men bharat ke hit viron ka yah mela
mera rng de basanti chola.

  • angrezon se bachane ke lie bhagatasinh ne bhesh badala. unhonne apane kesh aur dadhi katavakar, paint pahani aur hait lagakar angrezon ki ankhon men dhool jhonk kar kalakatta pahunche . kuchh din bad ve agara ge.
  • 'hindustan samajavadi ganatntr sngh' ki kendriy karyakarini ki sabha men 'pablik sephti bil' aur 'dispyoots bil' ke virodh men bhagatasinh ne 'kendriy asembali' men bam phenkane ka prastav rakha . bhagatasinh ke sahayak batukeshvar datt bane .
  • pistaul aur pustak bhagatasinh ke do param vishvasaniy mitr the.
  • jel men pustaken padhaqar hi ve apane samay ka sadupayog karate the, jel ki kalakothari men unhonne kuchh pustaken bhi likhin-
  1. atmakatha, di dor too deth (maut ke daravaze par),
  2. aidiyal aauf soshalizm (samajavad ka adarsh),
  3. svadhinata ki ladaee men pnjab ka pahala ubhar.
  • bhagatasinh ki shoharat se prabhavit hokar daau. pattabhisitaramaiya ne likha hai —
yah kahana atishyokti nahin hogi ki bhagatasinh ka nam bharat men utana hi lokapriy tha, jitana ki gandhiji ka.
  • lahaur ke urdoo dainik samachar patr 'payam' ne likha tha —
hindustan in tinon shahidon ko poore britaniya se ooncha samajhata hai. agar ham hazaron-lakhon angrezon ko mar bhi giraen, to bhi ham poora badala nahin chuka sakate. yah badala tabhi poora hoga, agar tum hindustan ko azad kara lo, tabhi britaniya ki shan mitti men milegi. o ! bhagatasinh, rajaguru aur sukhadev, angrez khush hain ki unhonne tumhara khoon kar diya. lekin vo galati par hain. unhonne tumhara khoon nahin kiya, unhonne apane hi bhavishy men chhura ghonpa hai. tum zinda ho aur hamesha zinda rahoge.

main nastik kyon hoon?

'main nastik kyon hoon' bharat ke prasiddh krantikari saradar bhagatasinh dvara likha gaya ek lekh hai, jo unhonne lahaur ki kendriy jel men apane bndi jivan ke samay likha tha. yah lekh 27 sitambar, san 1931 ko lahaur ke samachar patr 'd pipal' men prakashit hua tha. is lekh men bhagatasinh ne eeshvar ki upasthiti par anek tarkapoorn saval khade kiye hain aur is snsar ke nirman, manushy ke janm, manushy ke man men eeshvar ki kalpana ke sath-sath snsar men manushy ki dinata, usake shoshan, duniya men vyapt arajakata aur aur vargabhed ki sthitiyon ka bhi vishleshan kiya hai. yah bhagatasinh ke lekhan ke sabase charchit hisson men se ek raha hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 kuchh sroton par saradar bhagatasinh ki janm tithi 27 sitambar, 1907 bhi di gee.
  2. star nyooj ejensi, naya indiya
janm tithi par matabhed

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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