भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आन्दोलन (तृतीय चरण)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharatiy rashtriy andolan (tritiy charan)
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vivaran bharatiy rashtriy andolan, bharat ki azadi ke lie sabase lambe samay tak chalane vala ek pramukh rashtriy andolan tha.
shuruat 1885 ee. men kangres ki sthapana ke sath hi is andolan ki shuruat huee, jo kuchh utar-chadhavon ke sath 15 agast, 1947 ee. tak anavarat roop se jari raha.
pramukh sngathan evn parti garam dal, naram dal, gadar parti, azad hind fauj, bharatiy rashtriy kangres, indiyan homarool lig, muslim lig
any pramukh andolan asahayog andolan, bharat chhodo andolan, savinay avgya andolan, svadeshi andolan, namak satyagrah
parinam bharat svatntr rashtr ghoshit hua.
snbndhit lekh gandhi yug, raaulet ekt, thiyosaauphikal sosayati, varnakyoolar pres ekt, indiyan kaunsil ekt, hartog samiti, hantar samiti, batalar samiti riport, neharoo samiti, golamez sammelan
any janakari bharat ke rashtriy andolan ko tin bhagon men banta ja sakata hai-
  1. pratham charan
  2. dvitiy charan
  3. tritiy charan.

bharatiy rashtriy andolan ka tritiy charan 1919 ee. se 1947 ee. tak raha. yah andolan desh ki azadi ke lie ho rahe sngharsh ka antim charan mana jata hai. is kal men mahatma gandhi ke netritv men bharatiy rashtriy kangres ne poorn svarajy ki prapti ke lie andolan prarambh kiya. is charan men 'rashtrapita' aur 'mahatma' adi ki upadhiyon se sammanit mahatma gandhi apane saty, ahinsa evn satyagrah ke sadhanon se bharatiy rajanitik mnch par chhae rahe. gandhi ji ke is karyakal ko bharatiy itihas men 'gandhi yug' ke nam se jana jata hai.

gandhi yug

'bapoo' evn 'rashtrapita' ki upadhiyon se sammanit mahatma gandhi apane saty, ahinsa evn satyagrah ke sadhanon se bharatiy rajanitik mnch par 1919 ee. se 1948 ee. tak chhae rahe. gandhi ji ke is karyakal ko bharatiy itihas men gandhi yug ke nam se jana jata hai. je. ech. homs ne gandhi ji ke bare men kaha ki- "gandhi ji ki ganana vigat yugon ke mahanh vyaktiyon men ki ja sakati hai. ve alfred, vashingatan tatha laifte ki tarah ek mahanh rashtr nirmata the. unhonne bilabar fors, gairisan aur linkan ki bhanti bharat ko dasata se mukt karane ka mahattvapoorn kary kiya. ve sent fransis evn taaulastay ki ahinsa ke upadeshak aur buddh, eesa tatha jarathrust ki tarah adhyatmik neta the." gandhi ji bharat ke un kuchh chamakate hue sitaron men se ek the, jinhonne desh ki svatntrata evn rashtriy ekata ke lie apana poora jivan samarpit kar diya. inglaind se bairistari ki padhaee samapt karane ke bad gandhi ji bharat aye the. yahan se 1893 ee. men afrika gaye or vahan par apane 20 varsh ke pravas ke dauran british sarakar ki rng-bhed ki niti ke viruddh ladaee ladate rahe. yahin par gandhi ji ne sarvapratham 'satyagrah andolan' chalaya tha.

gandhi-gokhale bhent

janavari, 1915 ee. men gandhi ji bharat aye aur yahan par unaka sampark gopal krishn gokhale se hua, jinhen unhonne apana rajanitik guru banaya. gokhale ke prabhav men akar hi gandhi ji ne apane ko bharat ki sakriy rajaniti se jod liya. gandhi ji ke bharatiy rajaniti men pravesh ke samay british sarakar pratham vishv yuddh (1914-1918 ee.) men phnsi thi. gandhi ji ne sarakar ko poorn sahayog diya, kyonki vah yah manakar chal rahe the ki british sarakar yuddh ki samapti par bharatiyon ko sahayog ke pratiphal ke roop men svarajy de degi. gandhi ji ne logon ko sena men bharti hone ke lie protsahit kiya. isake phalasvaroop kuchh log unhen "bharti karane vala sarjent" bhi kahane lage the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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