नरम दल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

naram dal ki shuruat bharat ki azadi se poorv kangres parti ke do khemon men vibhajit hone ke karan huee. jisamen ek kheme ke samarthak bal gngadhar tilak the aur dusare kheme men moti lal neharoo the. matabhed tha sarakar banane ko lekar. moti lal neharoo chahate the ki svatntr bharat ki sarakar angrejon ke sath koee snyojak sarakar bane. jabaki gngadhar tilak kahate the ki angrezon ke sath milakar sarakar banana to bharat ke logon ko dhokha dena hai. is matabhed ke karan lokamany tilak kangres se nikal ge aur unhonne garam dal banaya. aur is tarah kangres ke do hisse ho ge ek naram dal aur ek garam dal.[1]

garam dal aur naram dal

garam dal ke neta the lokamany tilak jaise krantikari. ve har jagah vande mataram gaya karate the. aur naram dal ke neta the moti lal neharoo.[2] lekin naram dal vale jyadatar angrezon ke sath rahate the. unake sath rahana, unako sunana, unaki baithakon men shamil hona. har samay angrezon se samajhaute men rahate the. vande mataram se angrezon ko bahut chidh hoti thi. naram dal vale garam dal ko chidhane ke lie 1911 men likha gaya git "jan gan man" gaya karate the aur garam dal vale "vande mataram". naram dal vale angrezon ke samarthak the aur angrezon ko ye git pasnd nahin tha to angrezon ke kahane par naram dal valon ne us samay ek hava uda di ki musalamanon ko vande mataram nahin gana chahie kyon ki isamen butaparasti (moorti pooja) hai. musalaman moorti pooja ke kattar virodhi hai. us samay muslim lig bhi ban gee thi jisake pramukh mohammad ali jinna the.[1]

donon dalon ka vilay

kangres ka lakhanoo adhiveshan ambikacharan majoomadar ki adhyakshata men 1916 ee. men lakhanoo men sampann hua. is adhiveshan men hi garam dal tatha naram dal, jinake apasi matabhedon ke karan kangres ka do bhagon men vibhajan ho gaya tha, unhen phir ek sath laya gaya. lakhanoo adhiveshan men 'svarajy prapti' ka bhi prastav parit kiya gaya. kangres ne 'muslim lig' dvara ki ja rahi sampradayik pratinidhitv ki mang ko bhi svikar kar liya.


inhen bhi dekhen: kangres adhiveshan soorat evn kangres adhiveshan lakhanoo


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 vande mataram Vs jan gan man (hindi) ghar baithe samaj seva ke tarike (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 11 disambar, 2012.
  2. gandhiji us samay tak kangres ki ajivan sadasyata se istipha de chuke the, vo kisi taraph nahin the, lekin gandhi ji donon paksh ke lie adaraniy the kyonki gandhi ji desh ke logon ke adaraniy the

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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