अलेक्ज़ेण्डर डफ़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

alekzendar daf kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men 1830 se 1863 ee. tak 'skatish presabiteriyan padari' tha. sambhavat: 1823 ee. men raja ramamohan ray ke anurodh par 'charch aauf skatalaind' ne daf ko bharat men angrezi shiksha ke prachar ke lie bheja. raja ramamohan ray ne usaka bhari svagat kiya aur unhin ki sahayata se daf ne 1830 ee. men 'janaral asembalij instityooshan' namak angrezi skool khola. kalantar men is skool ne kaaulej ka roop dharan kar liya. pahale isaka nam daf kaaulej tha, lekin bad men 'skatish charch kaaulej' ho gaya.

daf ka uddeshy

alekzendar daf ne bngal men angrezi shiksha ke prasar-prachar tatha samaj sudhar ke lie bahut kuchh kiya. usane bharat men vishvavidyalayon ki sthapana karane men mahattvapoorn bhoomika ada ki. kalakatta vishvavidyalay khulane par vah usaki prabandh samiti ka arambhik sadasy raha. 1859 ee. men kee varshon tak vah bethoon sosaiti ka adhyaksh raha. vah padari tha aur bharat men eesaee dharm ke prachar ke uddeshy se aya tha. apani pustak 'indiya end indiyan mishans' men usane hindoo dharm ke bare men yahan tak likh dala hai ki 'patit vyaktiyon ke vikrit mastishk ne jin jhoothe dharmon ki srishti ki, unamen hindoo dharm sabase age hai'.

svadesh vapasi aur mrityu

svabhavat: bharatiy vidvanon aur am janata men daf ke in vicharon ke viruddh bhishan akraman paida ho gaya. keshavachandr sen tatha devendranath thakur ne daf ka kada virodh kiya. bngal ke kuchh hi padhe-likhe logon ko vah eesaee banane men saphal ho saka aur antat: nirash hokar 1863 ee. men svadesh vapas laut gaya. usaki mrityu 1878 ee. men huee.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 180 |

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