ए.ओ. ह्यूम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

e.o. hyoom
e.o. hyoom
poora nam elen aaukteviyan hyoom
janm 6 joon, 1829
mrityu 31 julaee, 1912
karm bhoomi bharat
prasiddhi angrez rajanitigy
vishesh yogadan 1859 ee. men e. o. hyoom ne 'lokamitr' nam ke ek samachar-patr ke prakashan men sahayog diya.
sthapana bharatiy rashtriy kangres
any janakari lala lajapat ray ne hyoom ke bare men likha hai ki "hyoom svatantrata ke pujari the aur unaka hriday bharat ki nirdhanata tatha durdasha par rota tha." yahan par yah manane men koee bhram nahin raha ki hyoom nishpaksh evn nyayapriy vyakti the. unhonne 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ke prati apani bahumooly tatha mahanh sevayen arpit ki hain.

elen aaukteviyan hyoom (angrezi: Allan Octavian Hume, janm- 6 joon, 1829; mrityu- 31 julaee, 1912) ek avakash prapt angrez adhikari the. e.o. hyoom bharatiy svatntrata sngram ke itihas men ullekhaniy bhoomika nibhane vale angrez rajanitigy the. yah bhi ullekhaniy hai ki bharat ke sabase bade rajanitik dal 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ki sthapana bhi hyoom ne hi 28 disambar, 1885 ee. men ki thi. 1912 ee. men unaki mrityu ho jane par kangres ne hyoom ko apana 'janmadata aur snsthapak' ghoshit kiya tha.

kangres ki sthapana

gopal krishn gokhale ke anusar 1885 ee. men e. o. hyoom ke siva aur koee vyakti kangres ki sthapana nahin kar sakata tha. kangres ke snsthapak elen akteviyan hyoom skaautalaind ke nivasi the. 'indiyan sivil sarvis' (bharatiy prashasanik seva) men hyoom ne kafi varshon tak kee mahattvapoorn padon par kary kiya tha. ve 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ke mahamntri pad par niyukt hue the, jis par unhonne 1906 ee. tak kary kiya. unhen 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke pita' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. unhonne bharatiy rashtriy kangres ki sthapana se poorv kalakatta vishvavidyalay ke snatakon ko ek marmasparshi patr bhi likha tha, jisaka kuchh ansh is prakar hai-

"bikhare hue vyakti kitane hi buddhiman tatha achchhe ashay vale kyon n hon, akele to shaktihin hi hote hain. avashyakata hai sngh ki, sngathan ki aur karyavahi ke lie ek nishchit aur spasht pranali ki. apake kandhon par rakha hua jua, tab tak vidyaman rahega, jab tak ap is dhruv saty ko samajh kar isake anusar kary karane ko udyat n hongen ki atm balidan aur niahsvarth karm hi sthayi sukh aur svatantrata ka achook margadarshan hai."

vibhinn padon par kary

1859 ee. men e.o. hyoom ne 'lokamitr' nam ke ek samachar-patr ke prakashan men sahayog diya. 1870 se 1879 ee. tak inhonne lephtinent garvanar ke pad ko isalie asvikar kar diya, kyonki is pad par rahakar ve bharatiyon ki sachche man se seva nahin kar sakate the. 1885 ee. ke bad lagabhag 22 varshon tak unhonne kangres men sakriy sadasy ki bhoomika nibhayi. lala lajapat ray ne hyoom ke bare men likha hai ki "hyoom svatantrata ke pujari the aur unaka hriday bharat ki nirdhanata tatha durdasha par rota tha." yahan par yah manane men koee bhram nahin raha ki hyoom nishpaksh evn nyayapriy vyakti the. unhonne 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ke prati apani bahumooly tatha mahanh sevayen arpit ki hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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