समरकन्द  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rigistan, samarakand

samarakand kafi lambe samay se itihas ke prasiddh nagaron men se ek raha hai. yah nagar soviyat sngh men, madhy eshiya ke uzabekistan men sthit hai. bhaugolik drishti se bhi samarakand prarambh se hi mahattvapoorn raha hai. itihas prasiddh mngol badashah taimoor ne ise apani rajadhani banaya tha. babar ne bhi yahan ka badashah banane ke lie kee bar prayas kiya, kintu is kary men vah asaphal hi raha.

  • prachin sahity men samarakand 'maraknd' nam se ullikhit hai.[1]

itihas

aitihasik aur bhaugolik drishti se bhi samarakand ek mahattvapoorn nagar hai. kyonki yah nagar resham marg par pashchim aur chin ke madhy sthit tha, isilie isaka mahattv bahut zyada tha. eesa poorv 329 men sikndar ne is nagar par akraman kiya aur ise bahut nukasan pahunchaya. 1221 ee. men is nagar ki raksha ke lie 1,10,000 adamiyon ne chngez khan ka mukabala kiya. 1369 ee. men taimoor ne ise apana nivas-sthan banaya. bharatiy itihas men bhi is nagar ka mahatv kam nahin hai. babar yahan ka shasak banane ki lagatar cheshta karata raha, kintu bad men jab vah viphal ho gaya, to use bhagakar qabul men sharan leni padi. yahan bhi sthitiyan apane anukool n pakar babar ne bharat ki or rukh kiya aur dilli par qabza karane men kamayab raha. 18vin shatabdi ke prarnbh men samarakand chin ka bhag raha, lekin bad men bukhara ke amir ke antargat raha aur ant men san 1868 ee. men roos ka ek hissa ban gaya.

sthiti tatha vyavasay

samarakand vishvapatal par 39° 39' uttari akshansh tatha 66° 56' poorvi deshantar men sthit hai. yah 719 mitar oonchaee par zaraf shan ki upajaoo ghati men ata hai. yahan ke nivasiyon ke mukhy vyavasasayon men bagavani, dhatu evn mitti ke baratanon ka nirman, kapada, resham, gehoon, chaval, ghoda, khachchar aur phal ityadi ka vyapar hai. shahar ke bich men 'rigistan' namak ek chauraha hai, jahan par vibhinn rngon ke pattharon se nirmit kalatmak imaraten vidyaman hain. shahar ki charadivari ke bahar mngol badashah taimoor ke prachin mahal hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 936 |

snbndhit lekh

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