स्पेन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

spen ka dhvaj

spen (angrezi: Spain) adhikarik taur par 'spen ki rajashahi', ek yooropiy desh aur yooropiy sngh ka ek sadasy rashtr hai. yah yoorop ke dakshin-pashchim men iberiyan prayadvip par sthit hai. isake dakshin aur poorv men bhoomadhy sagar, british pravasi kshetr, jibraltar ki ek chhoti-si sima, uttar men frans, andora aur biske ki khadi tatha aur pashchimottar aur pashchim men kramash: atalantik mahasagar aur purtagal sthit hain.

itihas

pragaitihasik kal se lekar ek desh ke roop men astitv men ane tak spen ka rajyakshetr apani khas avasthiti ki vajah se kee bahari prabhavon ke adhin raha tha. roman kal men yah hispaniya rajy tha. roman prabhav simit hone ke bad visigothik rajy bane. sanh 711 men afrika ke moor shasak tarik bin jiyad ne visigothikon ki apasi ladaee ka fayada uthakar akraman kiya aur jit hasil ki. isake bad yahan siriya se nishkasit umayyad khilaphat ki pith bani. muslimon ka shasan poore spen par raha, lekin uttar tatha uttar poorv men do chhote svatntr rajy bhi rahe. dasavin sadi men kordoba sthit samrajy men muslim, eesaiyon aur yahoodiyon ke sath milakar ek bahuayami snskriti ka hissa the.

dasavin sadi men muslimon ko eesaiyon ne harana arnbh kiya. isake bad eesaiyon ne jerushalam se muslimon ka kabza hatane ke lie dharmayuddhon men bhag liya. pop ke agrah par sainik turki hote hue jerushalam pahunchane lage. is samay turki par muslim turkon ka shasan arnbh ho gaya tha, jisaki vajah se eesaee yooropiyon ka unake pavitr dharmik sthal jerushalam pahunchana mushkil ho gaya tha. shuruat men to eesaee saphal rahe, par sanh 1180 ke dashak men mamaluk senapati saladin ke prayas ke bad yoorop ke sainik harate ge. isake sath hi poorv se masalon, resham aur kimati abhooshanon ke marg par bhi muslimon ka kabza ho gaya. in chijon ke yoorop men bhav badhate ge aur in karanon se muslimon ke khilaph rosh bhi.

mahattvapoorn tathy

  1. 5 lakh 5 hazar 990 varg kilomitar ke kshetraphal ke sath spen yoorop ka doosara sabase bada desh hai. is tarah se yah bharat ke rajasthan aur udisa ke snyukt kshetraphal se thoda bada hai.
  2. 2015 ki janaganana ke anusar spen ki anumanit janasnkhya 4 karod 64 lakh hai, jo bharat ke udisa rajy ki abadi se kuchh lakh jyada hai.
  3. spen men shadi karane ke lie kam-se-kam umr sirph 16 sal honi chahie, jabaki bharat men yah ladakon ke lie 21 sal aur ladakiyon ke lie 18 sal hai.
  4. spen paryatan ke lihaz se bahut achchha desh mana jata hai. yahan har sal 5 karod se jyada log ghoomane ate hain.
  5. snyukt rashtr ki ek riport ke anusar san 2050 ke bad spen duniya ka sabase boodha desh hoga, jahan ki 40 pratishat abadi ki umr 60 sal se jyada hogi.
  6. nagarikon ki ausat jivan ayu ke mamale men spen aaustreliya ke sath chauthe nnbar par ata hai. yahan ke log ausat 82.8 sal ki umr jite hain. bharat is mamale men 125ven nnbar par ata hai.
  7. spen bul phaiting ke lie bahut prasiddh hai. yahan hone vale har tyonharon aur melon men ayojit bul phaiting dekhane layak hoti hai. kee kalakar is dauran ghayal bhi hote hai.
  8. spen men pichhale das sal men shuroo kie ge vyavasayon men se 40 pratishat ko mahilaon dvara shuroo kiya gaya hai.
  9. 11vin sadi men poore spen par musalamanon ka raj tha. san 1238 se kee chhote eesaee rajyon ne ek hokar musalamanon se yuddh shuroo kar die aur kuchh hi dashakon men spen ke jyadatar hisson ko musalamanon se azad karava diya.
  10. san 1502 men speni shasan ne sabhi musalamanon ko eesaee banane ka adesh jari kar diya, jinhonne is adesh ko nahi mana unhen desh se nikal diya gaya.
  11. futabaaul spen ka sabase lokapriy khel hai, is desh ne sal 2010 men pahali bar 'fifa varld kap' jita tha.
  12. spen men ‘tometo batal' (Tomato battel) nam ka ek tyohar hai, jisamen log ek doosare par sainkadon tamatar phenkate hain.
  13. yahan ka sabase ooncha parvat samudr tal se 3,718 mitar ooncha hai, himalay men itani oonchaee ke 1000 se jyada parvat hain.
  14. spen men samudri bichon ki snkhya 8 hazar se jyada hai, hairani ki bat to yah hai ki kee log vahan par nnge hi dhoop ka nazara le sakate hain, kyonki spen men sarvajanik sthanon par nnge hona gairakanooni nahin hai.


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