तूरान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tooran madhy eshiya ka kshetr hai, jo turk, tatari, mngol adi jatiyon ka nivas sthan hai. eeran ka uttari kshetr prachin kal men 'tooran' ke nam se jana jata tha aur yahan ke jatiy samooh aur bhasha ke lie 'toorani' shabd ka prayog hota tha. eeran ki prachin bhasha 'avesta' men isake lie 'tury' shabd milata hai.

namakaran

gauratalab hai ki eeran shabd ki vyutpatti 'ary' se huee hai. snskrit ki bahan aur eeran ki prachin bhasha avesta men 'airy-tury' shabdon ka ullekh hai, jisaki vajah se is poore bhookshetr ke lie eeran ke sath tooran nam bhi chalan men aya.[1]

vistar

kisi zamane men is ilake men pashchim men turki se lekar poorv men mngoliya aur uttar men saiberiya tak ka vishal kshetr ata tha. tooran ka snbndh turk jati se hai. gauratalab hai ki snskrit men turk ke lie 'turushk' shabd hai. avesta men ise hi 'tury' kaha gaya hai. isake alava avesta ki kathaon men ek ullekh madhy eshiya ke pratapi samrat pharidun ka bhi milata hai, jisake tin putr the. 'salm' (arabi men salamat), 'toor' aur 'iraz'. kinhin sndarbhon men toor ka ullekh 'turaz' bhi aya hai. samrat ne pashchimi kshetr ke sabhi rajy, jisamen anatoliya bhi tha, salm ko die. toor ko mngoliya, turkistan aur chin ke prant die aur samrajy ka sabase achchha ilaka tisare putr eeraz ko saunpa.

'eer' ka bahuvachan eeran hua aur 'toor' ka tooran. arthath jahan toor shasit kshetr tooran aur eer shasit kshetr eeran. yah gatha kafi lnbi hai, kintu itana to batati hai ki snskrit aur avesta men ullekhit 'turushkah', 'tury' athava 'toor' se hi turk shabd bana hai aur prachin kal men ise hi 'tooran' ya 'turan' kaha jata tha. is shabd ke dayare men sabhi mngol, turk, kazakh, uzabek adi jati samooh a jate hain. ullekhaniy hai ki avesta men 'ary' ka uchcharan 'airy' hota hai. 'er' ka arth hota hai 'sidha, saral, sabhy'. 'toor' ka matalab hota hai 'takatavar, kathor, mazaboot'. hindi men prachalit tez-tarrar aur turramakhan jaise muhavaron ke pichhe yahi turushk, tooran aur turk ka prabhav raha hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 turramakhan toorani, durr-e-durrani (hindi) shabdon ka saphar. abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2014.

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