गोबी मरुस्थल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gobi marusthal, mngoliya

gobi marusthal eshiya mahadvip men mngoliya ke adhikansh bhag par phaila hua hai. yah marusthal snsar ke sabase marusthalon men se ek hai. 'gobi' ek mngoliyan shabd hai, jisaka arth hota hai- 'jalarahit sthan'. ajakal gobi maroosthal ek registan hai, lekin prachinakal men yah aisa nahin tha. is kshetr ke bich-bich men samriddhashali bharatiy bastiyan basi huee thin. gobi marusthal pashchim men pamir ki poorvi pahadiyon se lekar poorv men khingan parvatamalaon tak tatha uttar men altaee, khngaee tatha yablonoee parvatamalaon se lekar dakshin men altain tatha nanashan pahadiyon tak phaila hai. is marusthal ka pashchimi bhag tarim besin ka hi ek hissa hai.

vibhajan

yah snsar ka panchavan bada aur eshiya ka sabase vishal registan hai. sahara registan ki bhanti hi is registan ko bhi tin bhagon men vibhakt kiya ja sakata hai-

  1. takala makan registan
  2. alashan registan
  3. muas ya ordis registan

bhaugolik sthitiyan

gobi registan ka adhikatar bhag retila n hokar chattani hai. yahan registan ki jalavayu men teji se badalav hota hai. yahan n keval salabhar tapaman bahut jaldi-jaldi badalata hai, balki 24 ghnton men hi tapaman men vyapak parivartan bhi a jata hai. gobi registan men varsha ki ausat matra 50 se 100 mi.mi. hai. yahan adhikatar varsha garmi ke mausam men hi hoti hai. registan men adhikatar nadiyan barish ke mausam men hi bahati hain.
gobi marusthal, mngoliya
at: keval varsha ritu men hi nadi men pani rahata hai. nikatavarti parvaton se jal dharaen registan ki shushk bhoomi men sama jati hain. yahan kashthiy v sookha pratirodhi gunon vale saikasol namak paudhe bahutayat men milate hain. lagabhag patti vihin yah paudha aise kshetron men bhi ug ata hai, jahan ki ret asthir hoti hai. apane is vishesh gun ke karan yah paudha bhoo-ksharan ko rokane men sahayak hota hai. gobi registan 'bekitariyan oont', jinake do koobad hote hain, ka avas sthal mana jata hai. kachhu jagnli kism ke gadhe bhi yahan paye jate hain. snsar ke registan ke vishesh bhaloo isi registan men pae jate hain. in bhalooon ki prajati 'mazalaee' athava 'gobi' ab lupt hone ke kagar par pahunch chuki hai. isake atirikt yahan jngali ghode, gilahari v chhote kad ke barahasinge bhi paye jat hain.

vistar

snsar ke bade marusthalon men se ek gobi ka marusthal, jisaka vistar uttar se dakshin men lagabhag 600 mil tatha poorv se pashchim men lagabhag 1000 mil hai, tibbat tatha altaee parvatamalaon ke bich chhichhale gart ke roop men vidyaman hai. isaki prakritik bhoo-rachana dhaloo maidan ke saman hai, jisake charon taraf parvatiy oonchaiyan hain. katav tatha snksharan kriyaon ke prabal hone se yah marusthal apani vishisht bhoorachana ke liye prasiddh hai. sookhi huee nadiyon ki talahatiyan tatha jhilon ke taton par oonchaee par sthit jal ke nishan yahan ki jalavayu men parivartan ke praman hain.

sabhyata avashesh

prachin kalin vibhinn sabhyataon ke dyotak bhagnavashesh bhi is marusthal men pae jate hain. yahan garmi bahut zyada aur tez padati hai tatha garmi men ausat tapaman 45° se 65° sen. tatha jade ka tap 15° sen. tak rahata hai. yahan par kabhi-kabhi barf ke toofan tatha ushn baloo mishrit toofan bhi ate hain. yahan ki vanaspatiyon men ghas tatha kantedar jhadiyan mukhy roop se paee jati hain. jal ka yahan pray: abhav hi rahata hai. karavan margon par 10 mil se 40 mil ki doori par kuen pae jate hain.

jiv-jntu

gobi marusthal, mngoliya

is marusthal ke poorvi bhag men jahan dakshin-pashchim manasoon se kuchh varsha ho jati hai, vahan thodi khetibadi hoti hai, evn bhed, bakariyan tatha any pashu pale jate hain. uttari-pashchimi simavarti kshetron men bhi bhed bakariyan pali jati hain. soodoor uttar men kuchh jngal hain. uttar men orakhan tatha usaki sahayak nadiyon ki ghatiyon men chini bastiyan hain. abadi bahut hi viral hai. mngol yahan ki mukhy jati hai. uttar tatha dakshin ke ghas ke maidanon men adivasi log hain, jo khanabadoshon ka jivan vyatit karate hain. karavan marg adhikansh poorv se pashchim disha men hain, jin par chini vyapari kapade, joote, chay, tnbakoo, oon, chamade tatha samoor adi ka vyapar karate hain.

bharatiy snskriti ke avashesh

gobi marusthal men 'sar aurel ston' dvara puratattvik khudaee men bauddh stoopon, viharon, bauddh evn hindoo devataon ki moortiyan, bahut si pandulipiyan tatha bharatiy bhashaon evn varnaksharon men bahut se alekhon ke avashesh prapt hue hain. in avasheshon ke bich ghoomate hue sar aurel ko yah anubhav hone laga tha ki, ve pnjab ke kisi prachin ganv men ghoom rahe hain. 7vin shatabdi men suprasiddh chini yatri hven tsang isi gobi maroosthal ke raste se hi bharat men aya aur phir chin vapas gaya. use is kshetr men bauddh dharm aur bharatiy snskriti ka pradhany dikhaee diya. jyon-jyon is kshetr men registan badhata gaya, tyon-tyon yahan par bharatiy snskriti ke kendr vilupt hote gaye.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

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