सहारा रेगिस्तान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sahara registan

sahara registan ya 'gret sahara registan' vishv ka sarvadhik garm aur antarkatika ke bad doosara sabase vishal registan hai. yah uttari afrika men sthit hai. yah registan itana bada hai ki vishv ki samast marubhoomi ka yah adha bhag hai. mana jata hai ki kisi samay sahara hara-bhara kshetr hua karata tha aur usake kuchh bhag par sagar laharata tha. is registan men chalane vali havaen apane sath dhool aur baloo ki vishal matra lekar ati hain. halanki yahan vanaspatiyan kam hi ugati hain, phir bhi yahan ke jiv oont, bhed aur bakari adi ke lie paryapt hain. sahara registan ke kuchh ilake abhi bhi anajanen hi hain, tathapi 'nakhalistan' aur 'khadani' adi kshetron ke lie vayuyan aur motar kar adi ki suvidha upalabdh hai.[1]

vistar

sahara registan

sahara registan 90,00,000 varg kilomitar kshetr men phaila hua hai, jo lagabhag snyukt rajy amerika ke kshetraphal ke barabar hai. prithvi ka sabase vishal registan sahara hi hai, jo uttari afrika ke adhikansh kshetr men phaila hua hai. yah atalantik mahasagar se nil nadi ya lal sagar tak vistrit hai. yah snsar ki samast marubhoomi ka adha bhag hai. arabi bhasha men 'sahar' ka arth 'registan' hota hai. 'sahara' shabd bahuvachan hai. vastav men sahara ek nahin apitu anek registanon ka nam hai. sahara registan uttari afrika men sthit hai. is registan ke antargat parvatiy kshetr, chattani kshetr, mitti aur knkar se dhake maidan, namak ke kshetr tatha ret ke vishal tile upasthit hain. bhoogarbhiy pramanon ke anusar sahara kisi samay men vanaspati se paripoorn kshetr tha tatha usaka kuchh bhag sagar ke andar tha.

prakritik dashaen

vishv ke visham jalavayu vale kshetron men sahara registan bhi shamil hai. sahara registan ke vibhinn bhagon men ausatan varsha 20 se 400 mi.mi. tak hoti hai, jabaki isake kuchh any bhagon men anek varshon tak varsha nahin hoti hai aur yahan ke halat aur bhi bure ho jate hain. yah registan garm sthan hai. 13 disambar, 1922 men is registan men sthit libiya ke ajijiya kshetr men sarvadhik tapaman 580 selsiyas mapa gaya tha.

sahara registan
sahara registan men ane vale toofan aksar sthaniy hote hain, jo qarib 20 varg kilomitar kshetraphal vale chhote kshetr ko prabhavit karate hain. sahara ki mausam pranali men tej tatha anishchit havaen jatil hoti hain. inaka nam 'khamasin', 'sirokkoo', 'shahali' aur 'simon' hain, jo din ke pichhale bhag men bahati hain. ye havaen apane sath dhool aur baloo ki vishal matra lati hain. is karan yahan ret ke bahut bade-bade tilon ka nirman hota hai.[1]

drishyavali

is registan ka mukhy bhag pathar kshetr hai, jisake madhy parvaton ke shikhar ki oonchaee 3,415 mi. tak hai. isake atirikt any kshetron jaise ki uttar-poorv men sthit libiya registan men retile tilon ki bharamar hai. sahara registan ki drishyavali mukhy roop se tej havaon dvara chattanon v ret ki tilon ki sthapana v visthapana se parivartit hoti hai.
sahara registan
lagabhag 5000-10000 varsh pahale sahara ek jalayukt nam sthan hua karata tha, lekin eesa se lagabhag 3000 varsh pahale se yah ek shushk kshetr men parivartit hone laga tha. yoon to sahara registan men vanaspatiyan kam hi hain, lekin phir bhi adhikatar hisson men 'yayavar' logon ke lie oont, bakari aur bheden palane ke lie paryapt hain. is chhoti abadi ki zarooraton ko poora karane men yahan upasthit 'nakhalistan' paryapt hain.

avagaman

sahara registan men pahale anveshi yatri ke roop men faidrik hornamen ka nam hai, jinhonne 1805 men is sthan ki yatra ki thi. faidrik hornamen ke bad mungo park ne 1806 men sahara registan ki yatra ki. abhi bhi sahara ke anek kshetr lagabhag anajanen hi hain. lekin is registan ke adhikansh kshetron ke lie, vishesh roop se nakhalistan tatha khadani kshetron ke lie, vayuyan tatha motar gadiyon ki suvidha upalabdh hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 snsar ke vishal registan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el.). . abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2012.

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