मुल्तान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sakhi sultan ka maqabara, multan

multan athava mulatan adhunik pashchimi pakistan men chinab nadi ke tat par sthit pashchimi pnjab ka ek mahattvapoorn prachin nagar hai. yah sindh se pnjab jane vale rajamarg par sthit hai. sainik drishti se bhi isaki sthiti atynt mahattvapoorn hai. prachin samay men multan ko 'moolasthan' ke nam se jana jata tha. is sthan ka varnan hindoo dharm ke skandapuran men bhi ata hai. yahan sthit soory mandir, jisake ab avashesh hi shesh hain, usake bare men yah kaha jata hai ki isaka nirman bhagavan shrikrishn ke putr samb ne karavaya tha.

itihas

prachin samay men multan ek prachin soory mandir ke lie door-door tak vikhyat tha. bhavishyapuran ki ek katha men varnit hai ki krishn ke putr samb ne durvasa ke shap ke parinamasvaroop kushth rog se pidit hone par soory ki upasana ki thi aur moolasthan[1] men soory mandir banavaya tha. usane magadvip se sooryopasana men daksh solah mag parivaron ko bulaya tha. ye mag log shayad eeran ke nivasi the aur shakal dvip men base hue the. is soory mandir ke khandahar multan men aj bhi pade hue hain. skandapuran ke prabhasakshetr[2] men is mandir ko devika nadi ke tat par sthit bataya gaya hai-

'tato gachchhen mahadevimoolasthanamiti shrutam, devikayastat ramye bhaskarn varitaskaram'.

devika vartaman deh nadi hai. yuvanachvang ke samay men sindhu aur multan padausi desh the. alaberooni ne sauvir desh ka vistar multan tak bataya hai. ek prachin kivadnti men multan ko vishnu ke bhakt prahlad ka janm sthan tatha hiranyakashipu ki rajadhani mana jata hai. prahlad ke nam se ek prasiddh mandir bhi yahan sthit hai.

muslim akraman

hazarat bahauddin jakariya ka maqabara, multan

multan muslimon dvara sabase pahale vijit pradeshon men tha. poorv madhyakal men multan arabon ke adhin tha, kintu 871 ee. men khilafat se sambandh vichchhed kar multan svatantr ho gaya tha. mahamood gazanavi ne multan par akraman kar us par adhikar kar liya. tatkalin shasak daud ne mahamood gazanavi ko 20,000 diraham prativarsh dene ka vayada kiya. 1008 ee. men multan ko mahamood gazanavi ne apane rajy men mila liya. 1175 ee. men muhammad gori ka pahala akraman multan par hua. is par us samay karamathi log shasan karate the. muhammad gori ne nagar par adhikar kar use apane soobedar ke supurd kar diya. usake bad shatabdiyon tak multan bharatiy muslim samrajy ka ang bana raha.

angrezon ka adhikar

kalantar men ahamadashah abdali (1747-1773 ee.) ne multan ko jitakar afaganistan men sammilit kar liya, kintu 1818 ee. men maharaja ranajit sinh ne ise afaganon se chhin liya. us pradesh ke sikkh soobedar moolaraj ne 1848-1849 ee. men angrezon ke viruddh vidroh kar diya, jo ant men dvitiy sikkh yuddh men parinat ho gaya. isamen angrezon ki vijay huee aur multan angrez british samrajy men mila liya gaya.

smarak

multan ke ullekhaniy smarakon men muhammad bin qasim ki banavaee gee masjid pramukh hai. yahan ke maqabaron men 1152 ee. men nirmit shah yusuf-gul garajini ka maqabara, 1262 ee. men nirmit bahaul haq ka maqabara mahattvapoorn hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. multan
  2. prabhasakshetr-mahatmy, adhyay 278

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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