सुमात्रा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sumatra indoneshiya ganatntr ke panch bade dvipon men se ek hai tatha malaya dvip samooh ka sudoor pashchimi dvip hai. ise uttar poorv men malaika jalasndhi malaya se tatha dakshin poorv men sunda jalasndhi java se prithakh karati hai. dvip ka pashchimi kinara hind mahasagar ki or hai. yah snsar ke bade dvipon men chhatha hai. is dvip ka kshetraphal 4,13,440 varg kimi tatha janasnkhya 1,57,39,000 (1962) hai.

aitihasik ullekh

mahabharat sabhaparv 18 dakshinaty path ke anusar ek dvip jise shaktishali sahasrabahu ne jita tha.

'indradvipn kasherun ch tamradvipn gabhastimat, gandharv varunn dvipn saumyakshamiti ch prabhu:'.

isamen snbhavat: tamradvip lnka aur varun borniyo hai. saumyaksh indonijiya ka koee dvip (sumatra) ho sakata hai. indradvip snbhavat: sumatra ka vah bhag tha jisaki rajadhani indrapuri thi.[1]

bhaugolik visheshataen

dvip ki adhikatam lnbaee 1696 kimi tatha adhikatam chaudaee 396 kimi hai. is dvip men dakshin pashchim ki or samantar parvatamalaon ki shreni hai. samoohik roop se in parvatamalaon ka nam barisan hai aur inamen 12 sakriy tatha 78 nishkriy jvalamukhi hain. sarvochch choti kerinchi hai jisaki oonchaee 3,782 mi. hai. poorvi tat daladali nimnabhoomi hai jisamen se hokar kanpar, indragiri tatha mishi nadiyan bahati hain aur yah bhoobhag ghane jngalon se achchhadit hai. in jngalon se tik ki lakadi, bans, rabar aur moolyavan gond prapt hota hai. in jngalon men rabar ke vriksh lagae ge hain jisake karan yah dvip vishv ke pramukh rabar utpadakon men se ek ho gaya hai. dakshini poorvi aur uttari poorvi chhoron ko chhodakar shesh dvip ki mrida krishi ke lie upayukt hai.[2]

krishi evn jalavayu

sumatra ki jalavayu ushn evn ardr hai. adhikansh varsha un kshetron men hoti hai. jahan niyamit manasoon barisan parvaton dvara rok lie jate hain. toba jhil ke kshetr men 152 senmi. se kam varsha hoti hai. labng kshetr men 508 semi se adhik varsha hoti hai. nimn bhoomi ke maidanon men tap 21° sentigred 31° sentigred tak rahata hai. dhan yahan ki pramukh phasal hai. kaauphi, kalimirch, tnbakoo, chay, kapas, khajoor, amariki dhikunvar, supari, moongaphali, sinakona, nariyal aur rabar adi ki kheti niryat ke lie ki jati hai. [2]

jiv jntu

is dvip ke ushn katibndhi jngalon men bagh, hathi, jngali suar, do singavale rainosiras, harin, kapi evn bndar milate hain. is dvip par sarvatr chamakile pakshati vale pakshi milate hain. yahan anek prakar ke vishaile sanp jinamen nag evn pit vaipar bhi hain tatha bhimakar ajagar pae jate hain.

udyog evn vyapar

is dvip men sisa, rajat, gndhak evn koyale ke nikshep hain. poorvi tat ka daladali nimn bhoomi kshetr petroliyam men dhani hai. palamabng kshetr men koyala evn lignait milate hain. petroliyam poorvi maidan men achin se palemabang tak ke kshetr men milata hai. benakoolen ke samip sone evn rajat ka khanan hota hai. machhali marana yahan ka pramukh vyavasay hai. dvip ka poorvi bhag is kary ke lie vishesh upayogi hai. yahan adhikansh udyog krishi se snbndhit hai. padang ke samip siment ka bahut bada karakhana hai.[2]

parivahan aur yatayat

dvip ke ek sire se doosare sire tak jane ke lie sadaken hain. yahan lagabhag 1,227 mil lnba relamarg bhi hai. medan aur palemabang nagaron men havaee adde hain. blavan, palemabang emahaivan, soosoo tatha sabang pramukh bndaragah hain. palemabang sumatra ka pramukh nagar hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pustak- aitihasik sthanavali | lekhak- vijayendr kumar mathur | prakashak- vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog (manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar | prishth snkhya- 997
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 sumatra (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 24 mee, 2014.

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