ऊटाह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ootah 37° aur 42° uttari akshansh.tatha 101° -3 aur 114° -3 pashchimi denshantar ke bich snyukt rajy amarika ke pashchimi bhagon men sthit ek parvatiy rajy hai. isaka snpoorn kshetraph 84,916 varg mil hai, jisamen se 2,570 varg mil jalashay hai. isaki adhe se adhik janasnkhya nagaron men rahanevali hain.

bhautik drishti se isako pashchim ki brihath‌ upatyaka tatha poorv ke pathari bhagon men banta ja sakata hai. kee shatabdi poorv yah brihath‌ upatyaka 19,000 varg mil kshetr men jalamagn thi. ise bhootatvavetta bonekile jhil kahate hain. parvaton ke kinare par ab bhi sagaratat se alag alag 17 star spasht-drishtigochar hote hain. isake poorvi bhagon men, jahan bausaich parvaton men pravahit saritaon se sinchaee snbhav hai, sabase ghani abadi paee jati hai. is kshetr ki saritaen sagaratat tak nahin pahunch patin. ye khare pani ki jhilon men parinat ho jati hain ya vashpikaran ke karan shushk ho jati hain. gret salt lek is kshetr ki sabase badi khare pani ki jhil hai.

bausaich parvaton ke poorv men saritaon dvara kata phata pathari bhag hai, jisake uttar men yuinta parvat hai. yah ootah ka sarvochch parvat tatha snyukt rajy men poorv-pashchim disha men vistrit akela parvat hai. kings pik (13,498) is rajy ki sarvochch choti hai. yuinta ke dakshin men pathar ki adhikatam oonchaee 9,000 se 11,000 phut tak hai. yadyapi ye kshetr vanaspati se achchhadit hain phir bhi abadi ke lie kaphi oonche hain. yahan patharon ke bich, nadi ghatiyon men hi abadi paee jati hai.

1971 ee. men 39.3 pratishat bhoomi par krishi hoti thi. yah poorn roop se sinchaee par hi ashrit thi. is pradesh ki mukhy phasalen gehoon, jau, jee, aloo, chunkadar tatha alphalpha ghas hain. ootah ka panch khanij padartho-tanba, sisa, chandi, sona aur jasta-ke utpadan men isaka dvitiy, sona aur sisa men tritiy tatha jaste ke utpadan men satavan sthan hai. 1950 ee. ke bad misisipi se pashchim sabhi rajyon men ootah ka sthan koyale ke utpadan men bhi uchch raha hai. inake atirikt yahan namak, jipsam aur yooreniyam bhi nikala jata hai.

dvitiy mahayuddh ke bad yahan audyogik pragati badi teji se huee. 1947 men yahan 772 audyogik snsthan the, jisamen 13,843 manushy kary karate the. khady padartho se snbndhit udyogon ke bad yahan dhatu udyog ka dvitiy sthan hai. dhatu udyog men sabase mahatvapoorn loha-ispat-udyog hai, jisaka utpadan 1950 ee. men 18,00,000 tan tha. isake alava aur doosare udyog, jaise petroliyam, rasayanik padarth, shishe ke saman aur mashinon ke udyog yahan sthapit hain. 1970 men yahan 10,60,000 bheden 1,35,000 dudharoo gaen, 8,40,000 dhor tatha 59,000 suar the.

yooniyan paisiphik relave is kshetr ki pratham relave hai tatha ab bhi mahatvapoorn hai. isaki shakhaen pray: sabhi khanij aur vyavasayik kendron ko milati hain. 1971 ee. men yahan 3,000 mil lnbi relave lainen, 38,000 mil lnbi sadaken tatha 89 havaee hadde the.[1]


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  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 2 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 177 |

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