क़ुवैत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

quvait arab ke uttari-pashchimi kinare par eerak aur soodi arab ke bich ke registani pradesh ke sire par sthit 1950 vargamil ka chhota, kintu atynt mahatv ka arab rajy hai. 1938 ee. ke poorv isaka koee rajanitik athava arthik mahatv nahin tha. kintu ab tel ke udyog ke karan vishv ke arthik jagath men quvait ka ek vishisht aur mahatvapoorn sthan hai.

sthiti tatha itihas

quvait 290.20’ uttar; 400.00’ poorv men sthit hai. isaka nam 'kut' shabd se bana hai, jisaka arth hota hai- 'qila'. ise 'qurain' bhi kahate hain. isaki sthapana shekh saba pratham ne 1756 ee. men ki thi. 1898 men turki ne is par adhikar karane ka prayas kiya tha. phalasvaroop 1899 ee. men shekh mubarak ne angrezon se ek sndhi karake suraksha snrakshan prapt kiya. 1914 ee. men angrezon ne apane snrakshan ke antargat isaki svatntr satta svikar ki. 19 joon, 1961 men ek nee sndhi huee, jisamen 1899 ki sndhi samapt kar di gee aur antarik evn bahy sabhi mamalon men isaki poorn svatntrata ki gee.[1]

tel udyog

1938 ee. ke poorv isaka koee rajanitik athava arthik mahatv nahin tha. yahan ke nivasi samudri vyapar par nirbhar karate the. nav ka nirman, navik kala, arabi ghode, moti, oon, bhed hi unake vyavasay the. kintu ab tel ke udyog ke karan vishv ke arthik jagath men isaka ek vishisht aur mahatvapoorn sthan hai. tel ke shodh ke lie quvait ayal knpani ne, jisamen angrezi ainglo-iraniyan ayal knpani aur amariki 'galf aauyal' ki saman sajhedari thi, anumati prapt ki aur 1946 se krood aauyal ka utpadan arnbh hua. yah utpadan badi tivrata se badha aur is kshetr men yah desh eeran aur soodi arab se barabari ka dava karata hai.

niryat

tel ki khanon se mina-al-ahamadi tak ek paip lain bichha di gee hai aur vahan tel saph karane ka karakhana laga diya gaya hai, jisaki kshamata 1,90,000 bairel pratidin hai, kintu utpadan ka 80 pratishat bina saph kie hi niryat hota hai. is niryat ke lie mina-al-ahamadi men bndaragah ka is prakar vistar kiya gaya hai ki ek sath panch supar tainkaron men tel bhara ja sakata hai. 'quvait ayal knpani' ke atirikt, jisamen ab quvait sarakar ki adhe ki sajhedari hai, 1948 men 'amerikan indipendent aauyal knpani' ko quvait ke tatasth pradesh men jo quvait aur soodi arab ke bich men hain, tel shodh ka adhikar diya gaya. vahan 1953 men tel ke srot mile aur usi varsh se vahan se bhi tel badi matra men niryat hota hain.

quvait ne apane tatasth pradesh ke tatavarti samudr se tel nikalane ka adhikar ek japani knpani ko de rakha hai. vahan se 1961 se tel nikal raha hai aur japan niryat kiya jata hai. quvait ke tatavarti samudr se tel nikalane ka kam ek dach knpani bhi kar rahi hai. ab ek spen ki knpani ko bhi tel nikalane ka adhikar prapt hua hai. is prakar quvait men tel udyog ka nirntar vikas ho raha hai.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. quvait (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 18 faravari, 2014.

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