मैसूर युद्ध  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

haidar ali
Hyder Ali

1761 ee. men haidar ali ne maisoor men hindoo shasak ke oopar niyntran sthapit kar liya. nirakshar hone ke bad bhi haidar ki sainik evn rajanitik yogyata advitiy thi. usake fransisiyon se achchhe sambandh the. haidar ali ki yogyata, kootanitik soojhaboojh evn sainik kushalata se marathe, nizam evn angrez eershya karate the. haidar ali ne angrezon se bhi sahayog manga tha, parantu angrez isake lie taiyar nahin hue, kyonki isase unaki rajanitik mahatvakanksha poori n ho pati. bharat men angrezon aur maisoor ke shasakon ke bich char sainy muthabhed huee thin. angrezon aur haidar ali tatha usake putr tipoo sultan ke bich samay-samay par yuddh hue. 32 varshon (1767 se 1799 ee.) ke madhy men ye yuddh chhede ge the.

yuddh

bharat ke itihas men char maisoor yuddh lade gaye hain, jo is prakar se hain-

  1. pratham yuddh (1767 - 1769 ee.)
  2. dvitiy yuddh (1780 - 1784 ee.)
  3. tritiy yuddh (1790 - 1792 ee.)
  4. chaturth yuddh (1799 ee.)

pratham yuddh

aprail, 1967 men nizam, marathamarathe aur angrezangrezon ki sena ne milakar haidar ali par akraman kiya, parantu kuchh samay bad hi nizam haidar ali ki or a gaya. ab yah yuddh angrezon aur haidar ali ke madhy lada gaya. angrezon ki prarambhik saphalata ke karan nizam punah angrezon ki or chala gaya. haidar ali ne utsahapoorvak ladate hue march, 1768 men mngalaur aur bambee par punah adhikar kar liya. march, 1769 ee. men usaki senayen madras tak ja pahunchi. angrezon ne vivashata men haidar ali ki sharton par 4 aprail, 1769 ko madras ki sndhi ki.

dvitiy yuddh

tipoo sultan
Tipu Sultan

angrezon ne 1769 ee. ki sndhi ki sharto ke anusar acharan n kiya aur 1770 ee. men haidar-ali ko, samajhaute ke anusar us samay sahayata n di jab marathon ne us par akraman kiya. angrezon ke is vishvasaghat se haidar-ali ko atyadhik kshobh hua tha. usaka krodh us samay aur bhi badh gaya, jab angrezon ne haidar-ali ki rajy simaon ke antargat mahi ki phransisi bastipar akraman kar adhikar kar liya. usane maratha aur nizam ke sath 1780 ee. men tripakshiy sndhi kar li jisase dvitiy maisoor-yuddh prarnbh hua.

tritiy yuddh

tisara yuddh 1790 ee. men shuroo hua tha. jab garvanar-janaral laaurd kaaurnavaaulis ne tipoo ka nam knpani ke mitron ki soochi se hata diya tha. tritiy maisoor yuddh ka karan bhi angrezon ki dohari niti thi. 1769 ee. men haidar-ali aur 1784 ee. men tipoo sultan ke sath ki gayi sndhi ki sharton ke viruddh angrezon ne 1788 ee. men nizam ko is ashay ka patr likha ki ham log tipoo sultan se un bhoobhagon ko chhin lene men apaki sahayata karenge jo nizam ke rajy ke ang rahe hai. angrezon ki is vishvasaghati niti ko dekhakar tipoo sultan ke man men unake shatrutapoorn abhipray ke snbndh men koee snshay n raha. at: 1789 ee. men achanak travanakor (trivnkur) par akraman kar diya, aur us bhoo-bhag ko tahas-nahas kar dala .

chaturth yuddh

maisoor yuddh ke samay angrez garvanar-janaral
yuddh samay garvanar-janaral
pratham maisoor yuddh 1767 - 1769 ee. laaurd verelst
dvitiy maisoor yuddh 1780 - 1784 ee. laaurd varen hestings
tritiy maisoor yuddh 1790 - 1792 ee. laaurd kaaurnavaaulis
chaturth maisoor yuddh 1799 ee. laaurd velejali

chautha yuddh garvanar-janaral laaurd maaurningtan (bad men velezali) ne is bahane se shuroo kiya ki tipoo ko fransisiyon se sahayata mil rahi hai. alpakalik, parantu bhayanak siddh hua. isaka karan tipoo sultan dvara angrezon ke ashrit ban jane ke sndhi prastav ko asvikar kar dena tha, tatkalin gavarnar- janaral laaurd velezali ko tipoo ki british- virodhi gatividhiyon ka poorn vishvas ho gaya tha. use pata chala ki 1792 ee. ki parajay ke uparant tipoo ne frans, kustunatuniya aur afaganistan ke shasakon ke sath is abhripray se sndhi ka prayas kiya tha ki bharat se angrezon ko nikal diya jay.

tipoo ki asaphalata ke karan

tipoo sultan ki asaphalata ke nimn mahattvapoorn karan the-

  1. fransisi mitrata aur deshi rajyon ko milakar snyukt morcha banane ke kary men tipoo asaphal raha.
  2. isake alava vah apane pita haidar ali ki bhanti kootanitigy bhi nahin tha.

tipoo sultan niahsandeh ek kushal prashasak evn yogy senapati tha. usane 'adhunik kailendar' ki shuruat ki or sikka dhulaee tatha nap-top ki nee pranali ka prayog kiya. usane apani rajadhani shrirngapattam men 'svatantrata ka vriksh' lagavaya aur sath hi 'jaikobin klab' ka sadasy bhi bana. usane apane ko nagarik tipoo pukara. 'tamas munaro' ne tipoo sultan ke baren men likha hai ki, "navinata ki avibhrant bhavana tatha pratyek vastu ke svayn hi prasoot hone ki raksha usake charitr ki mukhy visheshata thin".


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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