bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

मुंगेर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

munger kee pahadiyon se dhira hua nagar hai. karnapur ki pahadi mahabharat ke karn se sambandhit bataee jati hai. mahabharat ke uparyukt prasng men bhi karn aur bhim ka yuddh munger ke ullekh se thik poorv varnit hai.

sthapana

bharat ke prachin ang samrajy bihar ka pramukh kendr munger shahar evn zila hai. munger zile ka prashasanik mukhyalay, bihar rajy, poorvottar bharat, gnga nadi par sthit hai. kaha jata hai ki munger ki sthapana gupt shasakon ne chauthi shatabdi men ki thi. yahan ek qila hai, jisamen muslim snt shah mushk nafa jinaki mrityu 1497 men huee thi, ki mazar hai. 1793 men bngal ke navab mir qasim ne munger ko apani rajadhani bana kar yahan shastragar aur kee mahalon ka nirman karavaya. 1864 men yahan nagarapalika ka gathan hua.

itihas

mahabharat men munger shahar ko 'modagiri' kaha gaya hai-'ath modagirau chaiv rajann balavattaramh pandavo bahuviryen nijadhan mahamrighe'[1] arthath poorv disha ki digvijay yatra men magadh pahunchane ke uparant modagiri ke atyant balavan naresh ko bhujabal se yuddh men mar giraya. isaka varnan girivraj (rajagir) ke pashchath hai tatha isake ullekh ke pahale bhim ki karn par vijay ka varnan hai. kinvadanti ke anusar munger ki ninv dalane vala chndr namak raja tha. nagar ke nikat sitakund namak sthan hai. jahan kaha jata hai ki sita apane doosare vanavas kal men agni pravesh ke lie utari thi. chndi sthan bhi prachin sthal hai. ek kinvadanti men munger ka vastavik nam munigrih bhi bataya jata hai. kahate hain ki yahin pahadi par mudagal muni ka nivas sthan hone se hi yah sthan mudagal nagari kahalata tha. kintu isaka sambandh mahabharat ke modagiri se jodana adhik samichin hai. kaningham ke mat men 7vin shati men yuvanachvang ne is sthan ko lohaninila (lavananil) kaha hai. 10vin shati men pal vnshi devapal ka yahan par raj tha, jaisa ki usake tabhratt lekh men varnit hai. munger men muslim badashahon ne bhi kafi samay tak apana mukhy prashasan kendr banaya tha, jisake phalasvaroop yahan par us samay ke kee avashesh hain. mugalon ke samay ka ek zila bhi ullekhaniy hai. yah gnga ke tat par bana hai. isake uttar pashchim ke kone men kashtatarini namak gnga ghat hai. jahan 10vin shati ka ek abhilekh hai. qile se adha mil par 'man patthar' hai, jo gnga ke andar ek chattan hai. kaha jata hai ki is par shrikrishn ke padachihn bane hain. qile ke pashchim ki or mulla seed ka maqabara hai. ye asharaf nam se farasi men kavita likhate the aur aurngazeb ki putri jebunnisa ke kavy guru bhi the. inaka mool nivas sthan kaispiyan sagar ke pas majanadaran namak sthan tha. akabar ke samay men todaramal ne bngal ke vidrohiyon ko dabane ke lie abhiyan ka mukhy kendr munger men banaya tha. shahajahan ke putr shahashuja ne uttaradhikar yuddh ke samay is sthan men do bar sharan li thi. kuchh vidvanon ka mat hai ki munger ka ek nam 'hiranyaparvat' bhi hai, jo satavin shati ya usake nikatavarti kal men prachalit tha.

yatayat aur parivahan

jamalapur tatha simalatala mahattvapoorn rel aur vanijyik kenndr hain.

krishi aur khanij

chaval, makka, genhoo, chana aur tilahan yahan ki mukhy fasalen hain.

udyog v vyavasay

pramukh rel, sadak aur stimar snpark se juda yah sthan ek mahattvapoorn anaj madi hai. yahan udyogon men agneyayastr v talavar nirman aur abanoos ka kam shamil hai. is shahar men bharat ke vishalatam sigaret karakhanon men se ek sthit hai. yahan abharak, slet aur choona patthar ka khanan hota hai.

shikshan snsthan

yahan par prasiddh yog vishh‍vavidyalay hai.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar is zile ki kul janasnkhya 11,35,499 hai v nagar ki kul janasnkhya 1,87,311 hai.

paryatan

munger men aitihasik qila hai. yahan par sitakund namak pramukh kund hai. munger se 6 ki.mi. poorv men sthit sita kund munger anevale paryatakon ke akarshan ka pramukh kendr hai. is kund ka nam purushoth‍tam ram ki dharmapath‍ni sita ke nam par rakha gaya hai. kaha jata hai ki jab ram sita ko ravan ke chngul se chhudakar lae the to unako apani ko pavitrata sabit karane ke lie agni pariksha deni padi thi. dharmashash‍tron ke anusar agni pariksha ke bad sita mata ne jis kund men sh‍nan kiya tha yah vahi kund hai. is kund ko bihar rajh‍y paryatan mntralay ne ek paryatak sh‍thal ke roop men vikasit kiya hai. is kund ko garm kund ke nam se bhi jana jata hai jisaka tapaman kabhi-kabhi 138° phaaurenahait tak garm ho jata hai.

kshetraphal

munger zile ka kshetraphal 7,928 varg kimi hai aur yah gnga nadi ke dakshin men phaile jalodh maidan men avasthit hai. sudoor dakshin men khadagapur ki vanachchhadit pahadiyan, jo ki 490 mitar oonchi hai, aur yahin par chhota nagapur ka pathar hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
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shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • aitihasik sthanavali se pej snkhya 747-748 | vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar
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  1. van. 30,21

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