भोज प्रथम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg bhoj ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- bhoj (bahuvikalpi)

bhoj pratham athava 'mihirabhoj' gurjar pratihar vnsh ka sarvadhik pratapi evn mahanh shasak tha. usane pachas varsh (850 se 900 ee.) paryant shasan kiya. usaka mool nam 'mihir' tha aur 'bhoj' kul nam athava upanam tha. usaka rajy uttar men himalay, dakshin men narmada, poorv men bngal aur pashchim men sataluj tak vistrit tha, jise sahi arthon men samrajy kaha ja sakata hai. bhoj pratham vishesh roop se bhagavan vishnu ke varah avatar ka upasak tha, at: usane apane sikkon par adi-varah ko utkirn karaya tha.[1]

prarambhik sngharsh

bhoj pratham ne 836 ee. ke lagabhag kannauj ko apani rajadhani banaya, jo agami sau varsho tak pratiharon ki rajadhani bani rahi. usane jab poorv disha ki or apane samrajy ka vistar karana chaha, to use bngal ke pal shasak dharmapal se parajit hona pada. 842 se 860 ee. ke bich use rashtrakoot shasak dhruv ne bhi parajit kiya. pal vnsh ke shasak devapal ki mrityu ke bad usake uttaradhikari narayan ko bhoj pratham ne parast kar pal rajy ke ek bade bhoo-bhag par adhikar kar liya. usaka samrajy kathiyavad, pnjab, malava tatha madhy desh tak phaila tha.

yatri vivaran

bhoj pratham ke shasan kal ka vivaran arab yatri suleman ke yatra vivaran se milata hai. arab yatri suleman use 'barua' kahata hai. bhoj pratham ke bare men suleman likhata hai ki-

"is raja ke pas bahut badi sena hai aur any kisi doosare raja ke pas usaki jaisi sena nahin hai. usaka rajy jihm ke akar ka hai. usake pas bahut adhik snkhya men ghode aur oont hai. bharat men bhoj ke rajy ke atirikt koee doosara rajy nahin hai, jo dakuon se itana surakshit ho."

upadhiyan

bhoj pratham ne 'adivarah' evn 'prabhas' ki upadhiyan dharan ki thin. usane kee namon se, jaise- 'mihirabhoj' (gvaliyar abhilekh men), 'prabhas' (daulatapur abhilekh men), 'adivarah' (gvaliyar chaturbhuj abhilekhon), chandi ke 'dramm' sikke chalavae the. sikkon par nirmit sooryachandr usake chakravartin ka praman hai. arab yatri suleman ke anusar vah arabon ka svabhavik shatru tha. usane pashchim men arabon ka prasar rok diya tha.

samrajy

gujarat ke solnki evn tripura ke kalachuri ke sngh ne milakar bhoj pratham ki rajadhani dhar par do or se akraman kar rajadhani ko nasht kar diya tha. bhoj pratham ke bad shasak jayasinh ne shatruon ke samaksh atmasamarpan kar malava se apane adhikar ko kho diya. bhoj pratham ke samrajy ke antargat malava, konkan, khanadesh, bhilasa, doongarapur, bansavada, chittaud evn godavari ghati ka kuchh bhag shamil tha. usane ujjain ki jagah apane nee rajadhani dhar ko banaya.

vidya tatha kala ka snrakshak

bhoj pratham ek parakrami shasak hone ke sath hi vidvanh evn vidya tatha kala ka udar snrakshak tha. apani vidvata ke karan hi usane 'kaviraj' ki upadhi dharan ki thi. usane kuchh mahattvapoorn grnth, jaise- 'samarangan sootradhar', 'sarasvati knthabharan', 'sidvant sngrah', 'rajakartad', 'yogyasootravritti', 'vidya vinod', 'yukti kalpataru', 'charu charcha', 'adity pratap siddhant', 'ayurved sarvasv shrringar prakash', 'prakrit vyakaran', 'koormashatak', 'shrringar mnjari', 'bhojachampoo', 'krityakalpataru', 'tatvaprakash', 'shabdanushasan', 'rajmridad' adi ki rachana ki. 'aina-e-akabari' ke varnan ke adhar par mana jata hai ki, usake rajadarabar men lagabhag 500 viddhan the.

bhoj pratham ke darabari kaviyon men 'bhaskarabhatt', 'damodar mishr', 'dhanapal' adi pramukh the. usake bar men anushrati thi ki vah har ek kavi ko pratyek shlok par ek lakh mudrayen pradan karata tha. usaki mrityu par panditon ko hardik dukhah hua tha, tabhi ek prasiddh lokokti ke anusar- usaki mrityu se vidya evn vidvan, donon nirashrit ho gaye.

nirman kary

bhoj pratham ne apani rajadhani dhar ko vidya evn kala ke mahattvapoorn kendr ke roop men sthapit kiya tha. yahan par bhoj ne anek mahal evn mandiron ka nirman karavaya, jinamen 'sarasvati mndir' sarvadhik mahattvapoorn hai. usake any nirman kary 'kedareshvar', 'rameshvar', 'somanath sudar' adi mndir hain. isake atirikt bhoj pratham ne bhojapur nagar evn bhojasen namak talab ka bhi nirman karavaya tha. usane 'tribhuvan narayan', 'sarvabhaum', 'malava chakravarti' jaise viruddh dharan kie the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 342 |

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