ग्वालियर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gvaliyar
Gwalior-Fort-Gwalior.jpg
vivaran gvaliyar bharat ke madhy pradesh prant ka ek pramukh shahar hai. ye shahar aur isaka qila uttar bharat ke prachin shaharon ka kendr rahe hain.
rajy madhyapradesh
zila gvaliyar zila
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 26.14°, poorv- 78.10°
marg sthiti dilli se rashtriy rajamarg 2 se palaval, kosikalan, hodal aur mathura hote hue agara pahuncha ja sakata hai jahan rashtriy rajamarg 3 gvaliyar se juda hua hai.
kab jaen aktoobar se march
kaise pahunchen bas, rel, taiksi,
havaee adda gvaliyar havaee adda
relave steshan gvaliyar relave steshan
bas adda gvaliyar bas adda
yatayat tanga, aauto riksha, taimpo, bas, mini bas
kya dekhen gvaliyar paryatan
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
kya khayen poha, gajak, namakin, dilli vale ka parantha, shere pnjab bhojanalay ka khana
kya khariden saboodana, sadiyan, kapade, plastik, grasari aur teksatail ka saman, jvelari, hastashilp
es.ti.di. kod 0751
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr, gvaliyar havaee adda
adyatan‎
gvaliyar bharat ke madhy pradesh prant ka ek pramukh shahar hai. ye shahar aur isaka qila uttar bharat ke prachin shaharon ka kendr rahe hain. gvaliyar apane puratan ऎtihasik snbndhon, darshaniy sthalon aur ek bade sanskritik, audyogik aur rajanitik kendr ke roop men jana jata hai. is shahar ko usaka nam us aitihasik pattharon se bane qile ke karan diya jata hai, jo ek alag-thalag, sapat shikhar vali 3 kilomitar lnbi tatha 90 mitar oonchi pahadi par bana hai. is nagar ka ullekh gop parvat, gopachal durg, gopagiri, gopadiri ke roop men hua hai. in sabhi namon ka matalab 'gvalon ki pahadi' hota hai.
gvaliyar ka ek drishy
prachin nam gopadri ya gopagiri hai. janashruti hai ki rajapoot naresh soorajasen ne gvaliyar nam ke sadhu ke kahane se yah nagar basaya tha. gvaliyar shahar ke is nam ke pichhe bhi ek itihas chhipa hai; athavin shatabdi men ek raja hue soorajasen, ek bar ve ek agyat bimari se grast ho mrityushaiya par the, tab 'gvalipa' namak snt ne unhen thik kar jivanadan diya. unhin ke samman men is shahar ki ninv padi aur ise nam diya gvaliyar. ane vali shatabdiyon ke sath yah shahar bade-bade rajavnsho ki rajasthali bana.
  • mahabharat[1] men gopalakaksh namak sthan par bhim ki vijay ka ullekh hai. snbhavatah yah gopadri hi hai.

itihas aur bhoogol

yah shahar sadiyon se rajapooton ki prachin rajadhani raha hai, chahe ve pratihar rahe hon ya kachhavaha ya tomar. is shahar men inake dvara chhode gaye prachin chihn smarakon, qilon, mahalon ke roop men mil jaenge. sahej kar rakhe ge atit ke bhavy smriti chihnon ne is shahar ko paryatan ki drishti se mahattvapoorn banata hai. yah nagar samnti riyasat gvaliyar ka kendr tha. jis par 18vin sadi ke uttarardh men marathon ke sindhiya vnsh ka shasan tha. ranoji sindhiya dvara 1745 men is vnsh ki buniyad rakhi gee aur mahadaji (1761-94) ke shasanakal men yah apane charamotkarsh par pahuncha.

unake adhin kshetr men samany hindustan ke mukhy hisse tatha madhy bharat ke kee hisse shamil the aur unake adhikari jodhapur tatha jayapur sahit anek svatntr rajapoot shasakon se bhi nazarana vasool karate the. daulatarav ke shasanakal men angrezon ne apani upasthiti darj karavaee aur 1840 ke dashak men is kshetr men poora prabhav qayam kiya. 1857 ke vidroh ke dauran gvaliyar ke sindhiya shasak angrezon ke prati vafadar bane rahe, kintu unaki sena ne vidrohiyon ka sath diya.

pathari ilake men sthit yah kshetr sank (shnkh) nadi dvara kee jagahon par pratichchhed hai aur ghane jngal se achchhadit hai. nagar tin bhinn bastiyon se bana hai. purana gvaliyar, jo parvatiy qile ke uttar men hai aur jahan madhyayugin shaury ke kee jivnt smarak maujood hain. qile ke dakshin men sthit lashkar 1810 men daulatarav sindhiya ki fauji chhavani bana tha.

jay vilas peles, gvaliyar

har sadi ke sath is shahar ke itihas ko naye ayam mile. mahanh yoddhaon, rajaon, kaviyon sngitakaron tatha santon ne is rajadhani ko deshavyapi pahachan dene men apana-apana yogadan diya. aj gvaliyar ek adhunik shahar hai aur ek jana-mana audyogik kendr hai.

khanij snpada

poorv men murar, jo angrezon ki chhavani tha, samoocha ilaka us gvaliyar prastar-pranali se bana hai, jisamen nichale par se uttaramukhi dhalan abhrakayukt choona-patthar, sphatik, balua tatha sleti patthar tatha oopari murar shrinkhala men slet, choone, chikane phitedar sooryakant (jaispar) tatha shon (harnaston) patthar ki pattiyon se bani hai. shahar ke asapas milane vale khanijon men mainganij, lauh ayask, kanch ret (glas saind), chikani mitti tatha shora hain.

krishi

asapas ka kshetr shushk parnapati varaspatiyon se achchhadit hai tatha kheti nadi ghati men hoti hai. jahan mitti gaharaee tak paee jati hai. gvaliyar ke asapas ke jngalon men vibhinn kismon ke janavar aur pakshi pae jate hain. jinamen chital, hiran, bhoore titar, chaha tatha kala hiran shamil hai. gvaliyar ki jalavayu manasooni hai aur vahan katibndhiy atirek lie sookhapan rahata hai. varshakal sal dar sal badalata rahata hai aur barish keval varsha ritu men hi hoti hai. varsha ki anishchitata tatha pani ki killat ke karan yahan talabon aur bandhon men pani snchay karana zaroori ho jata hai. gvaliyar shahar men koee 12 talab hain aur unake alava anek chattanon ko katakar banae ge jalashay aur kune hain. jinase shahar ko nirntar pani ki apoorti hoti rahati hai. bharat men pahadi qilon ka patan aksar pani ki kami ke karan hi hua. is tathy ki roshani men gvaliyar ke qile ki yah visheshata anokhi hai, isi paksh ne is qile ko ajey bana diya tha.

vyaparik aur audyogik kendr

sas bahoo ka mndir, gvaliyar

gvaliyar ek ऎsa mahattvapoorn vyaparik aur audyogik kendr hai, jahan se krishi utpad, vastr, imarati patthar tatha lauh ayask bahar bheje jate hain. lagabhag ek-chauthaee abadi kamagar hai. jisamen se 91 pratishat purush tatha 9 pratishat striyan hain. inamen se do-tihaee log naukari aur prashasanik kshetr men tatha ek-chauthaee gair ghareloo nirman, vyapar, vanijy, nirman, parivahan tatha snchar men lage hue hain. nagar ke pramukh udyogon men joot, sigaret, kapas tatha rayan ke vastr, plastik, kanch, machis, ata-maida, chini ke alava patthar tarashana, mitti ke bartan banana, chamada pakana tatha usake khilaune banana shamil hai. gvaliyar injiniyaring vark snyatr men rel-injanon tatha dibbon ki marammat ke alava aspatal-upakaran, bandhon ke lie ispat ke dvar sahit kee vividh upakaran banae jate hain. gvaliyar men galiche, dari, haaujari, biskut, anaj aur tel ki milon, ara milon tatha loha dhalane jaise chhote paimane ke bhi kee udyog hain.

adhunik gvaliyar

gvaliyar virasat ka ilaka azadi ke bad 1948 men svatntr bharat ke madhy bharat rajy men shamil kar liya gaya. yah nagar 1956 men ne madhy pradesh rajy men shamil hone tak madhy bharat ki shitakalin rajadhani raha. prashasanik drishti se yah ab bhi ek mahattvapoorn kendr hai.

parivahan

  • sadak tatha rel margon se bhalibhanti jude hue is shahar se mahattvapoorn rajy tatha rashtriy rajamarg gujarate hain. yahan sindhiyakalin chhoti lain (nairo gej) relamarg ka mukhyalay hai aur yah madhy relave ke dilli-munbee pramukh marg par sthit hai.
  • madhy bharat ka mahattvapoorn nagar gvaliyar rashtriy rajamarg par sthit hai. gvaliyar men ek relave jnkshan hai.
soory mndir, gvaliyar

vishvavidyalay aur sngit

  • gvaliyar men jivaji vishvavidyalay (1964) aur isase snbnddh kala, vigyan, vanijy, chikitsa tatha krishi mahavidyalay hain aur nagar men saksharata ki dar kafi oonchi hai. gvaliyar men sngit ki yashasvi parnpara rahi hai aur usaki apani khas shaili rahi hai. jo gvaliyar 'gharana' nam se prasiddh hai.

darshaniy sthal

nagar ke bhitar aur asapas ke darshaniy sthalon men gvaliyar ka qila, ath talab, chhah mahal, chhah mndir, ek masjid tatha any imaraten hain. teli ka mndir (11vin sadi), gujari mahal (lagabhag 1500 ee.), sas-bahoo ka mndir (1093) hindoo sthapaty kala ke utkrisht udaharan hain. qile ki divar ke niche chattan se tarashi huee 18 mitar oonchi pratimaen (15vin sadi), mahal tatha lashkar ke smarak, abul phajal allami ka maqabara, phool bag tatha jayavilas mahal samriddh kala evn snskriti ke any aitihasik udaharan hain.

gvaliyar ka durg

gvaliyar ka qila
  • gvaliyar ka durg bahut prachin hai aur isaka prarnbhik itihas timirachchhann hai. hoon maharajadhiraj toraman ke putr mihirakul ke shasanakal ke 15 ven varsh (525 ee.) ka ek shilalekh gvaliyar durg se prapt hua tha jisamen matrichet namak vyakti dvara gopadri ya gop nam ki pahadi (jis par durg sthit hai) par ek soory-mndir banavae jane ka ullekh hai. isase spasht hai ki is pahadi ka prachin nam gopadri (roopantar gopachal, gopagiri) hai tatha is par kisi n kisi prakar ki basti guptakal men bhi thi.
  • itihas se soochit hota hai ki gvaliyar men 875 ee. men kannauj ke gurjar pratiharon ka rajy tha. musalamanon ke akraman ke samay bhi yahan kachhavaha, pratihar adi rajapoot vnsh rajy karate the.
gvaliyar
  • 1232 ee. men dilli ke gulam vnsh ke sultan iltutamish ne gvaliyar ke qile ko hastagat kiya aur rajapoot raniyon ne jauhar ki pratha ke anusar agni men koodakar pran tyag die.
  • 1399 se 1516 ee. tak yah qila tomar-nareshon ke adhin raha. jinamen pramukh manasinh tha. isaki rani goojari ya mriganaini ke vishay men anek kivadntiyan prachalit hain. qile ka goojari mahal mriganayani ka hi amit smarak hai.
  • 1528 ee. men babar ne yah qila jita. mugalon ne isaka upayog ek sudridh karagar ke roop men kiya. isamen rajanitik bndi rakhe jate the.
  • aurngazeb ne apane bhaee aur gaddi ke hakadar murad aur tatpashchath dara ke putr sulemanashikoh ko kaid karake isi qile men bnd rakha.
gvaliyar ka qila
  • mugalon ke apakarsh ke samay jab maharashtr ke pramukh saradar sindhiya ka dilli-agara ke pradeshon men adhipaty sthapit hua to usi samay gvaliyar bhi usake hathon men a gaya.
  • is prakar vartaman kal tak sindhiya ke rajy ki rajadhani gvaliyar men rahi. durg ke smarakon men gvaliyar ka lnba itihas pratibinbit hota hai.
  • yahan ka sarv prachin smarak matrichet ka banavaya hua soory mndir hi tha. jisaka koee chihn ab nahin hai. kintu jisaki sthiti sooraj talab ke nikat rahi hogi.
  • doosara smarak chaturbhuj vishnu mndir hai jo pahadi ke pas se kata gaya hai. isamen ek chaukor devalay ke oopar ek shikhar hai aur madhyakalin shaili men bana hua sabhamndal. is mndir ko 875 ee. men all namak vyakti ne gurjar pratihar naresh ramadev ke samay men banavaya tha.
  • isake pashchath 1093 ee. men bana hua sas-bahoo ka mndir gvaliyar durg ka ek vishesh ऎtihasik smarak hai. ise kachhavaha naresh mahipal ne nirmit kiya tha. yah bhi vishnu ka mndir hai. kaha jata hai ki pahale isaka shikhar sau phut ooncha tha. ib isaka garbhagrih tatha shikhar donon hi snrachanaen vinasht ho gee hain, kintu isaki kala ka vaibhav, sabhamndal ki chhat ki adabhut naqqashi aur mndir ke bahari aur bhitari bhagon par nirmit vishad moortikari se prakat hota hai. isi prakar mndir ke dvaron ke siradalon ki sookshm tatha prabhavotpadak moortikari bhi param prashnsaniy hai.
teli ka mndir, gvaliyar
  • dvar ki patthar ki chaukhaton par gnga-yamuna ki moortiyan aur pushpalnkaran khachit hain. jo guptakalin parnpara hai. sabhamndal ki chhat par bhi kirtimukhon ke sahit pushpalnkaranon ka ankan badi vidagdhata aur sundarata ke sath kiya gaya hai. sas-bahoo mndir se kuchh door par durg ka sarvochch smarak teli ka mndir sthit hai. isaki oonchaee sau phut se bhi adhik hai. isake shikhar ki visheshata isaki dravid shaili hai. isaka nirman kal 8vin shati lekar 10vin shati ee. tak mana jata hai. is mndir ke oopar ki naqqashi sas-bahoo ke mndir ki naqqashi ki apeksha sadi kintu adhik prabhavashali hai.
tanasen ka maqabara, gvaliyar
  • kalakram men is mndir ke pashchath durg ki pahadi men charon or utkirn jain tirthakaron ki vishal nagn-moortiyan ati hain. jinamen ek to 57 phut oonchi hai. ye sab 15vin shati men bani thi. 15vin shati ke tomar rajaon ke jamane ke any vikhyat smarak bhi is durg men hain. jinamen man mndir aur goojari-mahal mukhy hain.
  • manamndir ki khyati ka karan isaki shuddh bharatiy ya hindoo vastushaili hai. yah 300 phut oonchi pahadi ki choti par bana hua hai. is vistrit bhavan par chhah bartul chhatariyan bani hain. 1528 ee. men jab babar ne gvaliyar ka qila dekha tha tab in chhatariyon par sunahari kam tha. jisase ye door se soory ke prakash men chamakati thi. is bhavan ke poorvabhimukh bhag se bihad pahadi pradesh ki manoram jhanki milati hai. isake andar manasinh ka prasad hai. jisaki vastu shaili sarvatha bharatiy hai. is shaili ka prabhav akabar ke fatehapur sikari ke bhavanon men dekha ja sakata hai.
muslim snt mohammad gaus ka maqabara, gvaliyar
  • goojari-mahal dumnjila bhavan hai. jisaka bahari bhag sada prakoshthon ki pnkti hai. durg ke any bhavanon men karan-mndir, vikram-mndir (tomarin dvara nirmit) tatha mugalon ke prasad - jahangiri mahal, shahajahanni - mahal adi hain. durg ke bahar aurngazeb ke samay ki ek masjid aur akabar ke guru mu. gaus ka maqabara sthit hai.
  • pas hi akabar ke navaratnon men se ek tatha bharat ke prasiddh sngitgy tanasen ki samadhi hai.
  • yahan se ek mil ki doori par rani lakshmibaee ki prasiddh samadhi hai. jo bharat ke pratham svatntrata sngram men angrezon se viratapoorvak ladate hue mari gee thi.

janasnkhya

gvaliyar ki janasnkhya (2001) ki janaganana ke anusar nagar nigam kshetr ki 8,26,919 aur zile ki kul 16,29,821 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat sabhaparv 30,3

bahari kadiyan

adhikarik vebasait

snbndhit lekh


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