दशपुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dashapur gupt kal men bharat ka prasiddh nagar tha, jisaka abhigyan mndasaur (zila mndasaur, pashchimi malava, madhy pradesh) se kiya gaya hai. laitin ke prachin bhramanavritt periplas men mndasaur ko 'minnagal' kaha gaya hai.[1] kalidas ne 'meghadoot'[2] men isaki sthiti megh ke yatrakram men ujjayini ke pashchath aur chnbal nadi ke par uttar men bataee hai, jo vartaman mndasaur ki sthiti ke anukool hi hai-

'tamuttiry braj parichitabhroo latavibhramanan, pakshmotkshepaduparivilasatkrishnasaraprabhanan, kundakshepanugamadhukarashrijupamatmabinmbn patrikurvvanh dashapuravadhoonetrakautoohalanamh'.

itihas

gupt samrat kumaragupt dvitiy ke shasanakal (472 ee.) ka ek prasiddh abhilekh mndasaur se prapt hua tha, jisamen lat desh ke resham ke vyapariyon ka dashapur men akar bas jane ka varnan hai. inhonne dashapur men ek soory ke mndir ka nirman karavaya tha. bad men isaka jirnadvar hua, aur yah abhilekh usi samay sundar sahityik snskrit bhasha men utkirn karavaya gaya tha. tatkalin samajik, dharmik tatha samajik avastha par is abhilekh se paryapt prakash padata hai.

vatsabhatti ka varnan

vatsabhatti dvara pranit is sundar abhilekh ka kuchh bhag is prakar hai-

'te deshaparthiv gunapahrita: prakashamadhvadijanyaviralanyasukhanyapasy jatadaradashapurn prathamn manobhiranvagata: sasutabndhujana: samety', mattebhagndatatavichyutadanabindu siktopralachalasahasravibhooshanaya: pushpavanabhratarumndavatnsakayabhoome: parn tilakabhootamidnkramen. tatotthavrikshachyutanaikapushpavichitratirantajalani bhanti. praphullapadyabharanani yatr saransi karndavasnkulani. vilolavichi chalitaravindapatadraj: pinjaritaishch hnsai:, svakesarodarabharavabhugnai: kvachitsaransyamburuheshch bhanti. svapushpabharavanatairnagaindrairmadapragalbhalikulasvanaishch, ajasragabhishch puranganabhirvanani yasminh samalnkritani. chalatpatakanyabalasanathanyatyarth shuklanyadhikonnatani, tadillata chitrasitabhrakootatulyopamanani grihani yatr.'

arthath ve resham bunane vale shilpi (phoolon ke bhar se jhuke sundar vrikshon, devalayon aur sabha viharon ke karan sundar aur taruvarachchhadit parvaton se chhae hue lat desh se akar) dashapur men, vahan ke raja ke gunon se akrisht hokar raste ke kashton ki paravah n karate hue, bndhubandhav sahit bas ge. yah nagar (dashapur) us bhoomi ka tilak hai, jo mattagajon ke dan binduon se sikt shailon vale sahasron pahadon se alnkrit hai aur phoolon ke bhar se avanat vrikshon se saji huee hai, jo tat par ke vrikshon se gire hue anek pushpon se rng-birnge jal vale aur praphull kamalon se bhare aur karndav pakshiyon se snkul sarovaron se vibhooshit hain, jo vilol lahariyon se dolayaman kamalon se girate hue parag se pile rnge hue hnson aur apane kesar ke bhar se vinamr padmon se sushobhit hain, jahan phoolon ke bhar se vinat vrikshon se snpann aur madapragalbh bhramaron se gunjit aur nirantar gatishil pauranganaon se samalnkrit udyan hain aur jahan atyadhik shvet aur tung bhavanon ke oopar hilati huee patakaen aur bhitar striyan is prakar shobhayaman hain, manon shvet badalon ke khndon men tadillat jagamagati ho, ityadi.

abhilekh

dashapur se 533 ee. ka ek any abhilekh, jisaka snbndh malavadhipati yashovarman se hai, saundhi gram ke pas ek koopashila par ankit paya gaya tha. yah abhilekh bhi sundar kavyamayi bhasha men racha gaya hai. isamen rajyamntri abhayadatt ki smriti men ek koop banaye jane ka ullekh hai. abhayadatt ko pariyatr aur samudr se ghire hue rajy ka mntri bataya gaya hai. dashapur men yashovarman ke kal ke vijay stnbhon ke avashesh bhi hai, jo usane hoonon par prapt vijay ki smriti men nirmit karavae the. ek stnbh ke abhilekh men parajit hoonaraj mihirakul dvara ki gee yashovarman ki seva tatha archana ka varnan hai-

'choodapushpopaharairmihirakul nripenarchitnpadayugmamh.'

inamen se pratyek stnbh ka vyas tin phut tin inch, oonchaee 40 phut se adhik aur vazan lagabhag 5400 man tha. mndasaur ke asapas 100 mil tak vah patthar upalabdh nahin hai, jisake ye stnbh bane hain.

prachin jain tirth sthal

mndasaur se gupt kal ke anek mndiron ke avashesh bhi prapt hue hain, jo qile ke andar kachahari ke samane vali bhoomi men aj bhi surakshit hain. kaha jata hai ki 14vin shati ke prarambh men alauddin khilaji ne is mahimamay nagar ko loot kar vidhvns kar diya aur yahan ek qila banavaya, jo khndahar ke roop men aj bhi vidyaman hai. dashapur ki ganana prachin jain tirthon men ki gee hai. jain stotragrnth tirthamalachaity vndan men isaka namollekh hai- 'hastodipur padaladashapure charoop pnchasare'. varahamihir ne brihatsnhita[3] men dashapur ka ullekh kiya hai. mndasaur ko aj bhi as-pas ke ganvon ke log 'dasaur' nam se janate aur pukarate hain, jo dashapur ka apabhrnsh hai. madnsaur 'dasaur' ka hi roopantaran hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |prishth snkhya: 427 |

  1. smith-arli histri aauf indiya, prishth 221
  2. poorvamegh 49
  3. brihatsnhita, 14

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