मिहिरकुल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mihirakul athava 'mihiragul' hoon raja toraman ka putr tatha usaka uttaradhikari tha. yah panchavin shatabdi ee. ke antim dashakon men gupt samrajy ki pashchimi mihiragul lagabhag 500 ee. men gaddi par baitha. usaka samrajy bharat se bahar afaganistan tak vistrit tha. usaki rajadhani pnjab men 'sakal' athava 'siyalakot' thi. mihirakul ko bada hi atyachari shasak mana jata hai, jisane bauddhon par bahut atyachar kiye aur unaka kathoratapoorvak daman kiya.

vijay abhiyan

ek raja ke roop men toraman ne bhi bharat men kee vijay abhiyan kie the. toraman ke bad usaka putr mihirakul hoonon ka raja bana. usake shasan kal ke pndrahave varsh ka ek abhilekh gvaliyar ke soory mndir se prapt hua hain. isase siddh hota hai ki hoonon ne malava ilake men apani sthati mazaboot kar li thi. mihirakul toraman ke sabhi vijay abhiyanon men hamesha usake sath rahata tha. usane uttar bharat ki vijay ko poorn kiya aur gupton se bhi najarana vasool kiya. mihirakul ne pnjab sthit siyalakot ko apani rajadhani banaya tha.[1]

shiv bhakt

mihikul ek kattar shaiv tha. usane apane shasan kal men hazaron shiv mndir banavaye. mndasor abhilekh ke anusar yashodharman se yuddh hone se poorv usane bhagavan 'sthanu' (shiv) ke alava kisi any ke samane apana sir nahin jhukaya tha. mihirakul ne gvaliyar abhilekh men apane ko shiv bhakt kaha hain. mihirakul ke sikkon par 'jayatu vrish' likha hain, jisaka arth hain- 'jay nndi'.

yatri vivaran

'kasmos indikaplestes' namak ek yoonani ne mihirakul ke samay bharat ki yatra ki thi. usane 'kristachinn topografi' namak apane granth men likha hain, ki hoon bharat ke uttari pahadi ilako men rahate the. unaka raja mihirakul ek vishal ghudasavar sena aur kam se kam do hazar hathiyon ke sath chalata hain. vah bharat ka svami hain. mihirakul ke lagabhag sau varsh bad chini bauddh tirth yatri hvenasang 629 eesavin men bharat aya tha. vah apane granth 'si-yoo-ki' men likhata hain, ki sainkado varsh pahale mihirakul nam ka raja hua karata tha, jo siyalakot se bharat par raj karata tha. vah kahata hain, ki mihirakul naisargik roop se pratibhashali aur bahadur tha.[1]

hvenasang batata hain ki mihirakul ne bharat men bauddh dharm ko bahut bhari nukasan pahunchaya. vah kahata hain ki ek bar mihirakul ne bauddh bhikshuon se bauddh dharm ke bare men janane ki ichchha vyakt ki. parantu bauddh bhikshuon ne usaka apaman kiya, unhonne usake pas kisi varishth bauddh bhikshu ko bhejane ki jagah, ek sevak ko bauddh guru ke roop men bhej diya. mihirakul ko jab is bat ka pata chala to vah gusse men ag-baboola ho gaya aur usane bauddh dharm ke vinash ki rajagya jari kar di. usane uttar bharat ke sabhi bauddh bhikshuon ka qatle-am kara diya aur bauddh matho ko tudava diya. hvenasang ki anusar mihirakul ne uttar bharat se baudhon ka namo-nishan mita diya.

parajay

gandhar kshetr men mihirakul ke bhaee ke vidroh ke karan, uttar bharat ka samrajy usake hath se nikalakar usake vidrohiyon ke hathon men chala gaya. lagabh 528 ee. men magadh ke raja baladity aur mndasor ke raja yashodharman ne milakar mihirakul ko parajit kiya aur bhaga diya. mihirakul bhagakar kashmir a gaya aur yahan ka shasak ban baitha.[1]

mandir v nagar sthapana

kalhan ne barahavi shatabdi men rajatarngini namak granth men kashmir ka itihas likha hain. usane mihirakul ka ek shaktishali vijeta ke roop men chitran kiya hain. vah kahata hain ki mihirakul kal ka doosara nam tha. vah pahad se girate hue hathi ki chinghad se anndit hota tha. usake anusar mihirakul ne himalay se lekar lnka tak ke ilake jit lie the. usane kashmir men mihirapur namak nagar basaya tha. kalhan ke anusar mihirakul ne kashmir men shrinagar ke pas mihireshavar namak bhavy shiv mndir banavaya tha. usane gandhar kshetr men 700 brahmanon ko 'agrahar' (gram dan) men die the. kalhan mihirakul ko brahmanon ke samarthak shiv bhakt ke roop men prastut karata hain. mihirakul hi nahin, varanh sabhi hoon shiv ke bhakt the.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 bhati, daau. sushil. shiv bhakt samrat mihirakul hoon (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el.). . abhigaman tithi: 14 disambar, 2011.

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