कुमारगुप्त प्रथम महेन्द्रादित्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kumaragupt pratham (414-455 ee.) guptavnshiy samrat tha. pita chndragupt dvitiy ki mrityu ke bad vah rajagaddi par baitha tha. vah pattamahadevi dhruvadevi ka putr tha. usake shasan kal men vishal gupt samrajy akshun roop se qayam raha. balkh se bngal ki khadi tak usaka abadhit shasan tha. sab raja, samant, ganarajy aur pratyntavarti janapad kumaragupt ke vashavarti the. gupt vnsh ki shakti usake shasan kal men apani charam sima par pahunch gee thi. kumaragupt ko vidrohi rajaon ko vash men lane ke lie koee yuddh nahin karane pade.

abhilekh

kumaragupt pratham ke samay ke lagabhag 16 abhilekh aur badi matra men svarn ke sikke prapt hue hain. unase usake anek virudon, yatha- 'paramadaivat', 'paramabhattarak', 'maharajadhiraj', 'ashvameghamahendr', 'mahendradity', 'shrimahendr', 'mahendrasinh' adi ki janakari milati hai. isamen se kuchh to vnsh ke parnparagat viruddh hain, jo unake samrat pad ke bodhak hain. kuchh usaki nee vijayon ke dyotak jan padate hain. sikkon se gyat hota hai ki kumaragupt pratham ne do ashvamegh ygy kie the. usake abhilekhon aur sikkon ke prapti sthanon se usake vistrit samrajy ka gyan hota hai. ve poorv men uttar-pashchim bngal se lekar pashchim men bhavanagar, ahamadabad, uttar pradesh aur bihar men unaki snkhya adhik hai. usake abhilekhon se samrajy ke prashasan aur prantiy uparikon[1] ka bhi gyan hota hai.[2]

rajy par akraman

kumaragupt ke antim dinon men samrajy ko hila dene vale do akraman hue the. pahala akraman kadachith‌ narmada nadi aur vidhyanchal parvatavarti adhunik madhy pradeshiy kshetron men basane vali pushyamitr nam ki kisi jati ka tha. unake akraman ne gupt vnsh ki lakshmi ko vichalit kar diya tha; kintu rajakumar skndagupt akramanakariyon ko mar girane men saphal hua. doosara akraman hoonon ka tha, jo snbhavat usake jivan ke antim varsh men hua tha. hoonon ne gndhar par kabja kar gnga ki or badhana prarnbh kar diya tha. skndagupt ne unhen[3] pichhe dhakel diya.

sukh-samriddhi ka yug

kumaragupt ka shasan kal bharatavarsh men sukh aur samriddhi ka yug tha. vah svayn dharmik drishti se sahishnu aur udar shasak tha. usake abhilekhon men pauranik hindoo dharm ke anek snpradayon ke devi-devataon ke namollekh aur smaran to hain hi, buddh ki bhi smriti charcha hai. usake udayagiri ke abhilekh men parshvanath ke moorti nirmann ka bhi varnan hai. yadi hvenatsang ka 'shakradity' kumaragupt mahendradity hi ho, to ham use 'nalanda vishvavidyalay' ka snsthapak bhi kah sakate hain.

nidhan

455 ee. men kumaragupt pratham ki mrityu huee.

 

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gavarnaron
  2. kumaragupt pratham (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 13 pharavari, 2015.
  3. mlechchhon ko

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah