चन्द्रगुप्त विक्रमादित्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
Disamb2.jpg chndragupt ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- chndragupt (bahuvikalpi)
chandragupt vikramadity ki mudrae

chandragupt dvitiy athava chandragupt vikramadity (shasan: 380-412 eesavi) gupt rajavnsh ka raja tha. samudragupt ka putr 'chandragupt dvitiy' samast gupt rajaon men sarvadhik shaury evn virochit gunon se sampann tha. shakon par vijay prapt karake usane 'vikramadity' ki upadhi dharan ki. vah 'shakari' bhi kahalaya. vah apane vnsh men bada parakrami shasak hua. malava, kathiyavad, gujarat aur ujjayini ko apane samrajy men milakar usane apane pita ke rajy ka aur bhi vistar kiya. chini yatri fahyan usake samay men 6 varshon tak bharat men raha.

chandragupt dvitiy ka senapati amrakarddav tha. use dev, devagupt, devaraj, devashri, shrivikram, vikramadity, paramabhagavath, narendrachandr, sinhavikram, ajit vikram adi upadhi dharan kie the. anushrootiyon men chandragupt dvitiy ne apani putri prabhavati ka vivah vakatak naparesh rudrasen se kiya, rudrasen ki mrityu ke bad chandragupt ne apratyaksh roop se vakatak rajy ko apane rajy men milakar ujjain ko apani doosari rajadhani banaee. isi karan chandragupt dvitiy ko 'ujjainapuravaradhishvar' bhi kaha jata hai. usaki ek rajadhani pataliputr bhi thi. atah chandragupt dvitiy ko 'pataliputr puravadhishvar' bhi kaha gaya hai. dakshin bhar men kuntal ek prabhavashali rajy tha. 'shrringar prakash' tatha' kntaleshvaradityamh' se pata chalata hai ki chandragupt dvitiy ka kuntal naresh se maitripoorn snbndh tha. kuntal naresh kakutsthavarman ne apani putri ka vivah gupt naresh se kar diya. is vaivahik snbndh ki pushti kshemendr ki auchity vichar charcha se bhi hoti hai.

  • chndragupt vikramadity ka shasan-kal bharat ke itihas ka bada mahattvapoorn samay mana jata hai. chini yatri fahyan usake samay men 6 varshon tak bharat men raha. vah bada udar aur nyay-parayan samrat tha. usake samay men bharatiy snskriti ka chaturdik vikas hua. mahakavi kalidas usake darabar ki shobha the.[1] vah svayn vaishnav tha, par any dharmon ke prati bhi udar-bhavana rakhata tha. gupt rajaon ke kal ko bharatiy itihas ka 'svarn yug' kaha jata hai. isaka bahut kuchh shrey chndragupt vikramadity ki shasan-vyavastha ko hai.
  • rajagaddi par aroodh hone ke bad chndragupt ke sammukh do kary mukhy the -
  1. ramagupt ke samay men utpann huee avyavastha ko door karana
  2. un mlechchh shakon ka unmoolan karana, jinhonne ne keval guptashri ke apaharan ka prayatn kiya tha, apitu jinhonne kulavadhoo ki or bhi drishti uthaee thi.
  • chndragupt ke samrat banane par shighr hi samrajy men vyavastha qayam ho gee. vah apane pita ka yogy aur anuroop putr tha. apani rajashakti ko sudridh kar usane shakon ke vinash ke lie yuddhon ka prarambh kiya.
  • vishnupuran 4,24,68 se vidit hota hai ki snbhavat: guptakal se poorv avanti par abhir ityadi shoodron ya vijatiyon ka adhipaty tha-[2] aitihasik parnpara se hamen yah bhi vidit hota hai ki pratham shati ee. poo. men (57 ee. poo. ke lagabhag) vikram snvat ke snsthapak kisi agyat raja ne shakon ko harakar ujjayini ko apani rajadhani banaya tha. guptakal men chndragupt vikramadity ne avnti ko pun: vijay kiya aur vahan se videshi satta ko ukhad phenka. kuchh vidvanon ke mat men 57 ee. poo. men vikramadity nam ka koee raja nahin tha aur chndragupt dvitiy hi ne avnti-vijay ke pashchath malav snvath ko jo 57 ee. poo. men prarambh hua tha, vikram snvat ka nam de diya.

shak-vijay

videshi jatiyon ki shakti ke is samay do bade kendr the -

  1. kathiyavad aur gujarat ke shak - mahakshatrap
  2. gandhar-kamboj ke kushan.

shak-mahakshatrap sambhavatah 'shahanushahi kushan' raja ke hi prantiy shasak the, yadyapi sahity men kushan rajaon ko bhi shak-murund (shakasvami ya shakon ke svami) sngya kaha gaya hai. pahale chndragupt dvitiy ne kathiyavad - gujarat ke shak-mahakshatrapon ke sath yuddh kiya. us samay mahakshatrap 'rudrasinh tritiy' is shak rajy ka svami tha. chndragupt ke dvara vah parast hua, aur gujarat-kathiyavad ke pradesh bhi gupt samrajy men sammilit ho ge.

shakon ki parajay men vakatakon se bhi badi sahayata mili. dakshinapath men vakatakon ka shaktishali rajy tha. samudragupt ne vahan ke raja 'rudradev ya rudrasen' ko parast kiya tha, par adhinasth ke roop men vakatak vnsh ki satta vahan par ab bhi vidyaman thi. vakatak raja bade hi pratapi the, aur unaki adhinata men anek samant raja rajy karate the. vakatak raja rudrasen dvitiy ke sath chndragupt vikramadity ki kanya 'prabhavati gupt' ka vivah bhi hua tha. 'rudrasen dvitiy' ke sath gupt vnsh ki rajakumari ka vivah ho jane se gupton aur vakatakon men maitri aur ghanishthata sthapit ho gee thi. is vivah ke kuchh samay bad hi tis varsh ki ayu men rudraden dvitiy ki mrityu ho gee. usake putr abhi chhoti ayu ke the, atah rajyashasan prabhavati gupt ne apane hathon men le liya, aur vah vakatak rajy ki svamini ban gee. is sthiti men usane 390 ee. se 410 ee. ke lagabhag tak rajy kiya. apane pratapi pita chndragupt dvitiy ka poora sahayy aur sahayog prabhavati ko prapt tha. jab chndragupt ne mahakshatrap shak-svami rudrasinh par akraman kiya, to vakatak rajy ki sampoorn shakti usake sath thi.

upadhiyan

gujarat-kathiyavad ke shakon ka uchchhed kar unake rajy ko gupt samrajy ke antargat kar lena chndragupt dvitiy ke shasan kal ki sabase mahattvapoorn ghatana hai. isi karan vah bhi 'shakari' aur 'vikramadity' kahalaya. kee sadi pahale shakon ka isi prakar se uchchhed kar satavahan samrat 'gautami putr satakarni' ne 'shakari' aur 'vikramadity' ki upadhiyan grahan ki thin. ab chndragupt dvitiy ne bhi ek bar phir usi gaurav ko prapt kiya. gujarat aur kathiyavad ki vijay ke karan ab gupt samrajy ki sima pashchim men arab sagar tak vistrit ho gee thi. naye jite hue pradeshon par bhali-bhanti shasan karane ke lie pataliputr bahut door padata tha. isalie chndragupt dvitiy ne ujjayini ko apani doosari rajadhani banaya.

samrajy vistar

gujarat-kathiyavad ke shak-mahakshatrapon ke atirikt gandhar kamboj ke shak-murundon (kushanon) ka bhi chndragupt ne snhar kiya tha. dilli ke samip maharauli men lohe ka ek 'vishnudhvaj (stambh)' hai, jis par chndr nam ke ek pratapi samrat ka lekh utkirn hai. aitihasiko ka mat hai, ki yah lekh guptavnshi chndragupt dvitiy ka hi hai. is lekh men chndr ki vijayon ka varnan karate hue kaha gaya hai, ki usane sindh ke saptamukhon (prachin saptasaindhav desh ki sat nadiyon) ko par kar valhik (balkh) desh tak yuddh men vijay prapt ki thi. pnjab ki sat nadiyon yamuna, sataluj, vyas, ravi, chinab, jelaham aur sindhu ka pradesh prachin samay men 'saptasaindhav' kahata tha. isake pare ke pradesh men us samay shak-murundon ya kushanon ka rajy vidyaman tha. sambhavatah inhin shak-murundon ne dhruvadevi par hath uthane ka dussahas kiya tha. ab dhruvadevi aur usake pati chndragupt dvitiy ke pratap ne balkh tak in shak-murundon ka uchchhed kar diya, aur gupt samrajy ki pashchimottar sima ko sudoor vnkshu nadi tak pahuncha diya.

bngal

maharauli ke isi stambhalekh men yah bhi likha hai, ki bngal men pratirodh karane ke lie ikatthe hue anek rajaon ko bhi chndragupt ne parast kiya tha. sambhav hai, ki jab chndragupt dvitiy kathiyavad-gujarat ke shakon ko parast karane men vyaprit tha, bngal ke kuchh purane rajakulon ne usake viruddh vidroh kar diya ho, aur use bngal jakar bhi apani talavar ka pratap dikhane ki avashyakata huee ho.

dakshini bharat

chndragupt dvitiy ke samay men gupt samrajy apani shakti ki charam sima par pahunch gaya tha. dakshini bharat ke jin rajaon ko samudragupt ne apane adhin kiya tha, ve ab bhi avikal roop se chndragupt ki adhinata svikar karate the. shak-mahakshatrapon aur gandhar-kamboj ke shak-murundon ke parast ho jane se gupt samrajy ka vistar pashchit men arab sagar tak aur hindookush ke par vnkshu nadi tak ho gaya tha.

ashvamedh

  • chndragupt ki upadhi keval 'vikramadity' hi nahin thi. shilalekhon men use 'sinh-vikram', 'sinhachandr', 'sahasank', 'vikramank', 'devaraj' adi anek upadhiyon se vibhooshit kiya gaya hai. usake bhi anek prakar ke sikke milate hain. shak-mahakshatrapon ko jitane ke bad usane unake pradesh men jo sikke chalae the, ve purane shak-sikkon ke namoone ke the. uttar-pashchimi bharat men usake jo bahut se sikke mile hain, ve kushan namoone ke hain. chndragupt ki virata usake sikkon ke dvara prakat hoti hai. sikkon par use bhi sinh ke sath ladata hua pradarshit kiya gaya hai, aur sath men yah vaky diya gaya hai, kshitimavajity sucharitaiah divn jayati vikramadityah prithivi ka vijay prapt kar vikramadity apane sukary se svarg ko jit raha hai. apane pita ke saman chndragupt ne bhi ashvamedh ygy kiya.

vibhinn sndarbh

shakari samudragupt ke putr evn ujjayani ke vikhyat vidyapremi samrat ke roop men ye prasiddh hain. inaka vastavik nam chandragupt hai. ashvamedh ke anntar inhonne 'vikramadity' ki upadhi grahan ki thi. itihas men inaki sabha ke nau ratn us samay ke apane vishay men parngat evn manishi vidvanh the. inake nam kramash: kalidas, vararuchi, amar sinh, dhnvntari, kshapanak, vetalabhatt, varahamihir, ghatakarpar, aur shnku the. inaka samay itihas ke vidvanh lekhakon dvara eesa poorv pahli shati nirdharit hota hai. inake nam se chalaya gaya vikrami snvat snvatsar ki ganana men aj bhi prayukt hota hai.[3] inhen bhi dekhen: chndr

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yah tathy nishchit nahin hai kyonki kalidas ke kal nirnay par abhi tak vidvanon ka mataiky nahin hai
  2. 'saurashtravanti.. vishayanshch- abhir shoodradya bhokshyante'.
  3. hindi sahity kosh bhag-2 prishth snkhya- 557

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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