स्कन्दगुप्त  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • kumaragupt ki patarani ka nam mahadevi anantadevi tha.
  • usaka putr purugupt tha.
  • skandagupt ki mata sambhavatah patarani ya mahadevi nahin thi. aisa pratit hota hai, ki kumaragupt ki mrityu ke bad rajagaddi ke sambandh men kuchh jhagada hua, aur apani virata tatha any gunon ke karan skandagupt gupt samrajy ka svami bana. apane pita ke shasan kal men hi 'pushyamitron' ko parast karake usane apani apoorv pratibha aur virata ka parichay diya tha. pushyamitron ka vidroh itana bhaynkar roop dharan kar chuka tha, ki guptakal ki lakshmi vichalit ho gee thi aur use punah sthapit karane ke lie skandagupt ne apane bahubal se shatruon ka nash karate hue kee raten zamin par sokar bitaeen. jis prakar shatruon ko parast kar krishn apani mata devaki ke pas gaya tha, vaise hi skandagupt bhi shatruvarg ko nasht kar apani mata ke pas gaya. is avasar par usaki mata ki ankhon men ansoo chhalak ae the. rajyashri ne svayn hi skandagupt ko sthayi roop men varan kiya tha. sambhavatah bada ladaka hone ke karan rajagaddi par adhikar to purugupt ka tha, par shakti aur virata ke karan rajyashri svayn hi skandagupt ke pas a gee thi.

hoonon ki parajay

  • skandagupt ke shasan kal ki sabase mahattvapoorn ghatana hoonon ki parajay hai. hoon bade hi bhaynkar yoddha the. unhin ke akramanon ke karan 'yuishi' log apane prachin nivas sthan ko chhodakar shakasthan ki or badhane ko badhy hue the, aur yuishiyon se khadede jakar shak log eeran aur bharat ki taraf a ge the. hoonon ke hamalon ka hi parinam tha, ki shak aur yuishi log bharat men pravisht hue the.
  • udhar sudoor pashchim men inhin hoonon ke akraman ke karan vishal roman samrajy chhinn-bhinn ho gaya tha. hoon raja 'ettila' ke atyacharon aur barbarata ke karan pashchaty snsar men trahi-trahi mach gee thi. ab in hoonon ki ek shakha ne gupt samrajy par hamala kiya, aur kamboj janapad ko jitakar gandhar men pravisht hona prarambh kiya. hoonon ka muqabala kar gupt samrajy ki raksha karana skandagupt ke rajyakal ki sabase badi ghatana hai.
  • ek stambhalekh ke anusar skandagupt ki hoonon se itani zabardast muthabhed huee ki sari prithvi kanp uthi. ant men skandagupt ki vijay huee, aur usi ke karan usaki amal shubh kirti kumari antarip tak sare bharat men gayi jane lagi, aur isilie vah sampoorn gupt vnsh men 'ekavir' mana jane laga. bauddh grnth 'chndragarbhapariprichchha' ke anusar hoonon ke sath hue is yuddh men gupt sena ki snkhya do lakh thi. hoonon ki sena tin lakh thi. tab bhi vikat aur barbar hoon yoddhaon ke muqabale men gupt sena ki vijay huee.
  • skandagupt ke samay men hoon log gandhar se age nahin badh sake. gupt samrajy ka vaibhav usake shasan kal men prayah akshunn raha.
  • skandagupt ke samay ke sone ke sikke kam pae ge hain. usaki jo suvarn mudraen mili hain, unamen bhi sone ki matra pahale guptakalin sikkon ke muqabale men kam hai. isase anuman kiya jata hai, ki hoonon ke sath yuddhon ke karan gupt samrajy ka rajy kosh bahut kuchh kshin ho gaya tha, aur isilie sikkon men sone ki matra kam kar di gee thi.

sudarshan jhil

skandagupt ke samay men saurashtr (kathiyavad) ka prantiy shasak 'parnadatt' tha. usane girinar ki prachin sudarshan jhil ki phir se marammat karaee thi. is jhil ka nirman samrat chndragupt maury ke samay men hua tha. tab surashtr ka shasak vaishy 'pushyagupt' tha. pushyagupt hi is jhil ka nirmata tha. bad men ashok ke samay men prantiy shasak yavan 'tushasp' ne aur phir mahakshatrap 'rudradama' ne is jhil ka punaruddhar kiya. gupt kal men yah jhil phir kharab ho gee thi. ab skandagupt ke adesh se 'parnadatt' ne is jhil ka phir jirnodvar kiya. usake shasan ke pahale hi sal men is jhil ka bandh toot gaya tha, jisase praja ko bada kasht ho gaya tha. skandagupt ne udarata ke sath is bandh par kharch kiya. parnadatt ka putr 'chakrapalit' bhi is pradesh men rajy seva men niyukt tha. usane jhil ke tat par vishnu bhagavan ke mandir ka nirman karaya. skandagupt ne kisi ne pradesh ko jitakar gupt samrajy ka vistar nahin kiya. sambhavatah isaki avashyakata bhi nahin thi, kyonki gupt samrat 'asamudr kshitish' the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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