बेसनगर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

heliodoras stnbh, vidisha

besanagar poorvi malava men sthit prachin nagar vidisha ka hi adhunik nam hai. shung rajaon ke shasan kal men is nagar ka bahut hi mahattv tha. shung rajaon ke shasan ke bad bhi anek varshon tak besanagar sthaniy shasakon ki rajadhani bana raha. yahan ke shasakon ne bharat ki pashchimottar sima par sthit yavan shasakon ke sath rajanitik sambandh bana rakhe the. besanagar men bhagavan vasudev ke samman men takshashila ke raja entialkidas ke rajadoot heliyodoras ne lagabhag 135 ee. poo. men ek 'garud dhvaj' sthapit karaya gaya tha.

itihas

besanagar ko pali bauddh grnthon men 'vessagar' tatha snskrit sahity men vidisha ke nam se pukara gaya hai. bhilasa relave steshan se pashchim ki taraf qarib 2 mil (lagabhag 3.2 ki.mi.) ki doori par sthit yah sthan puratatvettaon ki sanskritik bhoomi kaha ja sakata hai. yah vetravati aur bes nadi se ghira hua hai tatha shesh do taraf ki bhoomi par prachir banakar nagar ko ek qile ka roop pradan kar diya gaya tha.[1]

avashesh

prachin kal ka vaibhav snpann yah nagar ab tooti-phooti moortiyon v kalayukt bhavanon ka khndahar matr rah gaya hai. yahan paye jane vale bhagnavashesh eesa poorv tisari shatabdi se 11vin shatabdi tak ki kahani kahate hain. ab bhi is sthan par hi ek taraf 'bes' namak gram bacha hua hai. besanagar ka rajanitik mahatv maury kal men ashok ke samay se badha. shung kal men yah bahut hi prasiddh dharmik kendr ke roop men door-door tak jana jata tha. yah sthan hindoo v bauddh donon ke lie hi mahattvapoorn tha. gupt kal tak isaki samriddhi qayam rahi. usake pashchath isake kritrim itihas ka spasht sakshy nahin milata.

utkhanan kary

10vin shatabdi men nadi ke doosari taraf sthit 'bhilasa' astitv men a chuka tha. besanagar ke aitihasik mahatv ko dekhate hue puratatv vibhag dvara utkhanan kary kiye gaye the. utkhanan men mile kuchh avashesh eesavi kal ke prarnbh ke samajik jivan par prakash dalate hain. puranon ke anusar yahan pushyamitr shung ne ygy kiya tha. khudaee men bade-bade ygyon ki karyasthali ke vishesh chihn mile hain. viddhanon dvara shastrarth kiye jane vale kaksh evn bhojanashala ka praman bhi milata hai. isake alava vibhinn karyon se snbaddh kee tarah ki mudraen tatha mitti ki pakaee huee vastuon se unake jivan ki jhanki pratibinbit hoti hai.[1]

kee sahityik tatha puratatvik praman is sthan ka yavanon se snbndh spasht karate hain. abhilekhon men mile shabd 'dvimitriy' ko sikndar kalin yoonani shasak ke roop men mana jata hai. kham baba ka nirman bhi yavan rajadoot ankalitas ne hi karavaya tha. yah kaha jata hai ki vartaman durjanapura vahi sthan hai, jahan yavanon ka vas hua karata hai. pahale yah dumitapura ke nam se jana jata tha.

inhen bhi dekhen: vidisha


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 besanagar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 27 janavari, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah