धार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dhar
dhar ka drishy
vivaran 'dhar' madhy pradesh ke aitihasik sthanon men se ek hai. beran pahadiyon se ghire is shahar ko jhilon aur hare-bhare vrikshon ne achchhadit kar rakha hai.
rajy madhy pradesh
zila dhar
bhaugolik sthiti dhar zila tin bhaugolik khndon men phaila hua hai, jo kramashah uttar men malava, vindhyachal shreni madhy kshetr men tatha dakshin men narmada ghati.
havaee adda nikatatam havaee adda indaur men hain.
relave steshan ratalam aur indaur yahan ke nazadiki relave steshan hain.
kya dekhen dhar qila, bhojashala masjid, mohanakheda, amajhera tatha bagh ki gufaen adi.
janasnkhya 93,917 (2011)
any janakari dhar men kamal maulana ki bhavy samadhi aur 14vin ya 15vin shatabdi men nirmit ek masjid bhi hai, jo 'bhojanashala' ke nam se vikhyat hai. isake nam ki utpatti yahan lage hue snskrit vyakaran ke niyam snbndhi utkirnit pattharon se huee thi.

dhar aitihasik aur sanskritik drishti se madhy pradesh ka mahattvapoorn shahar hai. yah madhyakalin nagar, pashchimi madhy pradesh rajy ke malava kshetr men sthit hai. pahadiyon aur anek jhilon se ghira yah nagar vindhyachal ki uttari dhalanon par sthit hai. dhar narmada nadi ki ghati ke nikat ke darre men sthit hai.

itihas

dhar shahar ki sthapana paramar raja bhoj ne ki thi. aitihasik aur sanskritik drishti se dhar madhy pradesh ka ek mahattvapoorn shahar hai. beran pahadiyon se ghire is shahar ko jhilon aur hare-bhare vrikshon ne achchhadit kar rakha hai. is shahar men anek hindoo aur muslim smarakon ke avashesh dekhe ja sakate hain. ek jamane men malava ki rajadhani raha yah shahar 'dhar qila' aur 'bhojashala masjid' ki vajah se paryapt snkhya men paryatakon ko akarshit karane men saphal rahata hai.[1]

dhar ek prachin nagar hai, jisaki utpatti raja munj vakpati se judi hai. dasavin aur terahavin sadi ke bharatiy itihas men dhar ka mahattvapoorn sthan tha. nauvin se chaudahavin sadi men yah paramar rajapooton ke adhin malava ki rajadhani tha. prasiddh raja bhoj (lagabhag 1010-55) ke shasanakal men yah adhyayan ka vishisht kendr tha. unhonne ise atyadhik prasiddhi dilaee. 14vin sadi men ise mugalon ne jit liya aur 1730 men yah marathon ke qabze men chala gaya, isake bad 1742 men yah maratha samnt anndarav pavar dvara sthapit dhar riyasat ki rajadhani bana. dhar ki 'lat masjid' ya 'minar masjid' (1405) jain mndiron ke khndahar par nirmit hai. isake nam ki utpatti ek vidhvnsit lauh stnbh (13bin sadi ) ke adhar par huee. is stnbh par ek abhilekh hai, jisamen yahan 1598 men akabar ke agaman ka varnan hai.

dhar men kamal maulana ki bhavy samadhi aur 14vin ya 15vin shatabdi men nirmit ek masjid bhi hai, jo bhojanashala ke nam se vikhyat hai. isake nam ki utpatti yahan lage hue snskrit vyakaran ke niyam snbndhi utkirnit pattharon se huee. isake thik uttar men ek 14vin sadi ka qila hai. kaha jata hai ki ise muhammad bin tugalaq ne banavaya tha. isamen raja ka mahal bhi tha. 'malava ki rani' ke roop men varnit dhar mahalon, mndiron , mahavidyalayon, rngashalaon aur bagichon ke liye prasiddh hai. shahar men ek pustakalay, aspatal, sngit akadami aur vikram vishvavidyalay (vartaman 'devi ahilya vishvavidyalay') se snbndh ek shasakiy mahavidyalay bhi hai.

bhaugolik dasha

dhar zila tin bhaugolik khndon men phaila hua hai, jo kramashah uttar men malava, vindhyanchal shreni madhy kshetr men tatha dakshin men narmada ghati. halanki ghati punah dakshin-pashchim ki pahadiyon dvara bnd hoti hai. dhar zila bharat ke sanskritik manachitr men prarnbh se hi raha hai. logon ne apane apako lalit kala, chitrakari, nakkashi, sngit v nrity ityadi men snlipt rakha tha. is snpoorn zile men bahut-se dharmik sthal hain, jahan varshik melon ke ayojan men hazaron log ekatr hote hain.

krishi aur khanij

dhar ek pramukh krishi kendr hai. jvar-bajara, makka, dalen aur kapas yahan ki pramukh fasalen hai. mahi, narmada v chnbal nadi pranali se sinchaee ki jati hai.

vyapar aur udyog

yahan ke pramukh udyogon men kapas otaee v dhunaee, hastakaushal aur hastakaragha udyam shamil hain.

yatayat aur parivahan

yah sadak aur relamarg se indaur, mu, khndava aur kshetr ke any mahattvapoorn nagaron se juda hua hai.

vayu marg

dhar ka nikatatam havaee adda indaur men hai. yah havaee adda dilli, mumbee, bhopal aur gvaliyar adi shaharon se niyamit vimanon ke madhyam se juda hua hai.

rel marg

ratalam aur indaur yahan ka nazadiki relave steshan hai. desh ke pramukh shaharon se yah relave steshan anek relagadiyon ke madhyam se niyamit roop se juda hua hai.

sadak marg

dhar madhy pradesh ke anek shaharon se sadak marg se juda hua hai. indaur, mandoo, moo, ratalam, ujjain aur bhopal se madhy pradesh parivahan nigam ki niyamit basen dhar ke lie chalati hain.

janasnkhya

dhar ki kul janasnkhya 2011 ki janaganana ke anusar 93,917 hai.

paryatan sthal

dhar qila

dhar madhyakalin nagar hai,jo pashchimi madhy pradesh rajy ke malava kshetr men sthit hai. dhar ka yah prasiddh qila nagar ke uttar men sthit ek chhoti pahadi par bana hua hai. yah vishal qila lal balua patthar se bana hai, aur samriddh itihas ke aine ka jharokha hai.

bhojashala masjid

bhojashala masjid mool roop se ek mndir ke taur par sthapit tha, jise raja bhoj ne banavaya tha. lekin jab alauddin khilazi dilli ka sultan bana to yah kshetr usake samrajy men mil gaya.[1]

phadake stoodiyo

1933 men mumbee se prasiddh moortikar raghunath krishn phadake dhar ae the. unhen dhar ke maharaja ne moortiyan banane ke lie bulavaya tha. phadake ne khanderav tekari men apana stoodiya sthapit kiya jise bad men 'phadake stoodiyo' ke nam se jana gaya.[1]

mohanakheda

mohanakheda ek pavitr jain tirth sthal ke roop men vikhyat hai jo dhar se lagabhag 47 kilomitar ki doori par hai. indaur-ahamadabad haive par sthit is tirthasthal ki sthapana poojy gurudev shri rajendr surishasvami maharaj sahab ne 1940 ke asapas ki thi.[1]

amajhera

dhar se lagabhag 40 kilomitar door saradarapur tahasil men amajhera ganv sthit hai. is ganv men shaiv aur vaishnav snpraday ke anek prachin mndir bane hue hain.[1]

bagh gufaen

in gufaon ka snbndh bauddh mat se hai. yahan anek bauddh math aur mndir dekhe ja sakate hain. ajnta aur elora gufaon ki tarj par hi bagh gufaen bani huee hain. in gufaon men bani prachin chitrakari manushy ko hairat men dal deti hai. in gufaon ki khoj 1818 men ki gee thi. bagh gufa ke karan hi yahan base ganv ko bagh ganv aur yahan se bahane vali nadi ko bagh nadi ke nam se jana jata hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 dhar (hindi) yatra salah. abhigaman tithi: 28 aktoobar, 2010.

snbndhit lekh

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