सवाई जयसिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

savaee jayasinh
savaee jayasinh dvitiy
poora nam savaee jayasinh dvitiy
any nam vijayasinh (mool nam)
janm 3 navambar, 1688 ee.
janm bhoomi amer
mrityu tithi 21 sitambar 1743 ee.
pita/mata pita- raja bishanasinh

mata- rani indrakunvari

dharmik manyata hindoo
prasiddhi rajapoot shasak
snbndhit lekh mugal vnsh, aurngazeb, rajapoot samrajy, rajapoot, rajapootana, amer, rajasthan ka itihas
vishesh savaee jayasinh snskrit aur farasi bhasha ka vidvan hone ke sath ganit aur khagolashastr ka asadharan pandit tha.
any janakari savaee jayasinh malava aur bad men agara men badashah ka pratinidhi niyukt hua tha. bajirav pratham ke sath usake maitripoorn sambandh the. mugal samrajy ke khandaharon par 'hindoo pad padashahi' ki sthapana karane ke peshava ke lakshy se use sahanubhooti thi.

savaee jayasinh (angrezi: Jai Singh II, janm- 3 navambar, 1688 ee., amer; mrityu- 21 sitambar 1743 ee.) amer ka vir aur bahut hi kootanitigy raja tha. use 'jayasinh dvitiy' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. savaee jayasinh arambh se hi vidya-premi aur dharmanuragi tha. jayasinh ne bachapan men hi apani vilakshan pratibha ka parichay dekar aurngazeb jaise kootanitigy aur kattar badashah ko bhi prabhavit kar diya tha. aurngazeb ne anubhav kar liya tha ki mugal samrajy ki satta banaye rakhane men jayasinh ka sahayog prapt karana atynt avashyak hai. jab aurngazeb ki mrityu ho aur mugal samrajy men avyavastha vyapt thi, isi samay jayasinh ne apana bagavat ka jhnda buland kar diya. savaee jayasinh 44 varshon tak amer ke rajy sinhasan par raha.

parichay

savaee raja jayasinh (dvitiy) ka janm 3 navambar, 1688 ee. ko amer ke mahal men raja bishanasinh ki rathaud rani indrakunvari ke garbh se hua tha. us samay raja bishanasinh ki ayu keval 16 varsh thi, at: svabhavik hai ki raja jayasinh ki mata ki ayu aur bhi kam rahi hogi. balak (savaee jayasinh) ka mool nam vijayasinh tha aur chhote bhaee ka nam jayasinh tha.

kaha jata hai ki jab vijayasinh ath varsh ka tha, use aurngazeb se milavaya gaya. jayasinh apral 1696 ee. men badashah ke samaksh prastut hua. usaki pariksha karane ke vichar se badashah aurngazeb ne usake donon hath pakadakar poochha- ‘ab too kya kar sakata hai?‘ balak vijayasinh ne buddhimani ke sath turant uttar diya- ‘ab to main bahut kuchh kar sakata hoon, kyonki jab purush aurat ka ek hath pakad leta hai, tab us aurat ko kuchh adhikar prapt ho jata hai. ap jaise bade badashah ne to mere donon hath pakad lie hain, at: main to sab se badhakar ho gaya.’ usake uttar se prasann hokar badashah ne kaha ki- 'yah bada hoshiyar hoga, isaka nam savaee jayasinh (arthat mirja raja jayasinh se badhakar) rakhana chahiye.' tadanusar badashah ne usaka nam jayasinh rakha aur usaka asali nam vijayasinh usake chhote bhaee ko diya.[1][2]

bagavat

aurngazeb ki mrityu ke bad jab mugal samrajy men avyavastha phail rahi thi, tabhi jayasinh ka nam achanak chamak utha. usane bahadurashah pratham ke viruddh bagavat ka jhanda buland kar diya, parantu usaki bagavat ko daba diya gaya aur badashah ne bhi use kshama kar diya. vah malava men aur bad men agara men badashah ka pratinidhi niyukt hua. peshava bajirav pratham ke sath usake maitripoorn sambandh the. mugal samrajy ke khandaharon par 'hindoo pad padashahi' ki sthapana karane ke peshava ke lakshy se use sahanubhooti thi.

sthapaty

savaee jayasinh snskrit aur farasi bhasha ka vidvan hone ke sath ganit aur khagolashastr ka asadharan pandit tha. usane 1725 ee. men nakshatron ki shuddh sarani banaee aur usaka nam tatkalin mugal samrat ke nam par jijamuhammadashahi nam rakha. usane 'jayasinh karika’ namak jyotish grnth ki bhi rachana ki. savaee jayasinh ki mahanh den jayapur hai, jisaki usane 1727 ee. men sthapana ki thi. jayapur ka vastukar vidyadhar bhattachary tha. nagar nirman ke vichar se yah nagar bharat tatha yoorop men apane dhng ka anootha hai, jisaki samakalin aur vatarmanakalin videshi yatriyon ne muktaknth se prashnsa ki hai.

jayapur men jayasinh ne sudarshanagadh (naharagadh) qile ka nirman karavaya tatha jayagadh qile men 'jayaban' namak top banavaee. usane dilli, jayapur, ujjain, mathura aur banaras men panch vedhashalaon[3] ka nirman grah-nakshatradi ki gati ko sahi taur se janane ke lie karavaya.

jayapur ke jantar-mantar men savaee jayasinh dvara nirmit 'soory ghadi' hai, jise 'samrat yntr' ke nam se jana jata hai, jise duniya ki sabase badi soory ghadi ke roop men prasiddhi prapt hai. dharmarakshak hone ke nate savaee jayasinh ne vajapey, rajasooy adi ygyon ka ayojan kiya tha. vah antim hindoo naresh tha, jisane bharatiy parampara ke anukool 'ashvamedh ygy bhi kiya. is prakar savaee jayasinh apane shaury, bal, kootaniti aur vidvata ke karan apane samay ka khyati prapt vyakti ban gaya tha, parantu vah yug ke prachalit doshon se oopar n uth saka.[4]

mrityu

amer par 44 varsh tak rajy karane ke bad 21 sitambar 1743 ee. men savaee jayasinh ki mrityu ho gee. isi ke rajyakal men gulabi nagar jayapur ke roop men nayi rajadhani ki rachana huee thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 164 |

  1. parantu tatkalin kagajaton se yah spasht hai ki jayasinh ko 'savaee' ki upadhi vidhivat roop se pahali bar farrukhasiyar ke samay men saiyad husain ali ke prayatnon se julaee 1713 ee. men mili thi. vakil jagajivanadas pnchauli ne pahali bar 12 julaee 1713 ee. ki riport men badashah farrukhasiyar dvara savaee ka pad diye jane ki soochana jayasinh ko di thi. isase yah gyat hota hai ki aurngazeb ka jayasinh ko ‘savaee’ kahane ka prasng to prachalit ho gaya tha, parantu sarakari taur se yah padavi jayasinh ko nahin mili thi.
  2. yug nirmata savaee jayasinh (hindi) janprahari.com. abhigaman tithi: 25 apral, 2018.
  3. jantar-mantar
  4. amer ka kachhavaha vnsh (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 08 joon, 2014.

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