अनूपसिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anoopasinh rajasthan ke bikaner ka rathaud shasak tha. vah 1669 ee. men bikaner ka maharaja bana. mugal badashah aurngazeb ne dakshin men marathon ka daman karane ke lie anoopasinh ko bheja tha. anoopasinh dvara marathon ka daman karane par aurngazeb ne use 'maharaja' tatha 'mahivabharativ' ki upadhiyan pradan kin.[1]

chitrakala premi

rajasthan ki prasiddh bikaner chitrakala shaili ka doosara mod maharaja anoopasinh ke samay (1669-98 ee.) se prarnbh hota hai, par bikaner shaili ki bich ki kadi bhi kam mahatvapoorn nahin rahi. chitron ki anupalabdhata ke karan is samay ke bare men kuchh kah pana kathin hai. sooraj sinh ke putr anoopasinh ke kal men jo chitr taiyar hue, unamen vishuddh bikaneri shaili ka darshan hota hai. maharaja anoopasinh vir hone ke sath-sath vidvanh v sngitgy bhi tha. usake darabar men kee sngitgy aur kee vidvanh ashray pate the. usake ashray men rahakar tatkalin chitrakaron ne ek maulik kintu sthaniy parimarjit chitrashaili ko janm diya. jahangir aur shahajahan ke samay men bikaner dharane ka gahan snbndh raha, jisase kala aur kalakaron ka adan-pradan svabhavik tha. san 1606 ee. men noor muhammad ke putr shah muhammad ka banaya bikaner shaili ka sarvadhik purana vyakti chitr hai. sngrahalayon evn niji sngrah men bahut se aise chitr hain, jinake madhyam se is samay ke chitron ka adhyayan snbhav hai.

kalakaron ka ashrayadata

shahajahan ke samay men musavbiron ki bharabhar ho gee thi, atah kalakar ashray pane ke lie anyatr jane lage. aurngazeb ki anudar niti ke karan mugal darabar se kala nishkasit hokar rajasthan ki riyasaton men prashray pane lagi. bikaner ka prasiddh usta parivar, jo mugal kal men lahaur men kendrit tha, vah aurngazeb ke samay men maharaja karnasinh aur anoopasinh ke darabar men bikaner a gaya. bikaner shaili ke chitron men kalakar ka nam, usake pita ka nam aur snvat upalabdh hota hai. usta asir khan karanasinh ke samay (1650 ee.) men dilli se bikaner aya aur uttam chitr banane laga. maharaja anoopasinh ki sahity v kala men ruchi hone ke karan unhonne hamesha dilli aur lahaur ke kalakaron ka samman kiya. ve chitrakar mugal shaili men parngat the, par bikaner akar unhonne anoopasinh ki ruchi ke anusar hindoo kathaon, snskrit, hindi, rajasthani kavyon ko adhar banakar saikadon chitr banae, jo rajapooti sabhyata aur snskriti se mishrit hokar bikaner shaili ke utkrisht chitr kahalae. maharaja anoopasinh ke samay men yah vikas vishesh darshaniy hai. unake darabari musabvir ruknuddin ka is drishti se yogadan mahatvapoorn hai. usane saikadon chitr banae. keshav ki rasikapriya tatha barahamasa ke chitr is drishti se mahatvapoorn hain. usaka poora parivar bikaner ki kala ke lie samarpit ho gaya. usake bete sahabadin ne bhagavat puran ke chitr banaye tatha usake pote kayam ne 18vin sadi ke prarnbh men bikaner shaili ka chitran kiya.

bikaner shaili ki charmotkarshata

maharaja anoopasinh ke samay men bhatheran parivar ke munnalal, mukoond, chandoolal adi ne bhi bikaner shaili ke vikas men vishesh yogadan diya. bhatheran parivar tatha usta parivar ke kalakaron ke kala-premi raja anoopasinh ke yug men bikaner shaili ko charmotkarsh par pahuncha diya, jisake sachitr-grnth tatha laghuchitr rashtriy sngrahalay, nee dilli, badauda sngrahalay tatha maharaja bikaner karnasinh ke niji sngrah men aj bhi upalabdh hain.


inhen bhi dekhen: bikaner ki chitrakala


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bikaner ke rathaud (hindi) historicalsaga.com. abhigaman tithi: 01 march, 2017.

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