जज़िया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jaziya kar
islami shasan kal men jaziya nam ka ek kar tha. jaziya ko jizaya bhi likha jata hai. vaiyaktik ya samudayik kar, jise prarnbhik islami shasakon ne apani gair muslim praja se vasool kiya tha. islami qanoon men gair musalaman praja ko do shreniyon men vibhakt kiya gaya tha:-

  • moortipoojak
  • zimmi ('snrakshit log' ya 'grnthon ke log', yani ve log, jinake dharmik vishvason ka adhar pavitr grnth hote hain, jaise eesaee, yahoodi aur parasi).

itihas

muslim shasakon ne zimmiyon ke sath sahishnutapoorvak vyavahar kiya aur unhen apane dharm ka palan karane ki ijazat di. is snrakshan ke badale aur adhinata ke roop men zimmiyon ko ek khas vyakti kar chukana avashyak tha, jo jaziya kahalaya. kar ki dar v usaki vasooli har prant men alag-alag the aur ve sthaniy islam-poorv ke rivazon se atyadhik prabhavit the. siddhantatah kar ke dhan ka istemal dan v tanakhvah v penshan bantane ke lie hota tha. vastav men jaziya se ekatr kie ge rajasv ko shasak ke niji kosh men jama kiya jata tha. amataur par aautoman shasak jaziya se ekatr dhan ka istemal apane sainy kharchon ke lie karate the.

siddhantatah dharmantaran kar islam ko apanane vale vyakti ko jaziya ada karane ki zaroorat nahin thi. halanki umayya khalifaon (661-750) ne badhate vittiy snkat ka samana karane ke lie islam ko svikar karane vale ne logon ke sath-sath zimmiyon se bhi jaziya ki mang ki thi. ne muslimon ke prati yah bhedabhav khurasan men aboo muslim vidroh (747) aur umayya vnsh ke patan ka karan bana.

kee badashahon ne yah kar samapt kar diya tha jinamen ullekhaniy nam samrat akabar ka hai. jab mirza raja jayasinh ke bad maharaj yashavnt sinh ka bhi dehant ho gaya, tab aurngazeb ne nirnkush hokar sanh 1679 men phir se is kar ko lagaya. is apamanapoorn kar ka hinduon dvara virodh kiya gaya. mevad ke vriddh rana rajasinh ne isake virodh men aurngajeb ko upalnbh dete hue ek patr likha tha, jisaka ullekh taaud krit rajasthan namak grnth men hua hai .


bahari kadiyan

jaziya

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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