अकबर और बैरम ख़ाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabar vishay soochi
akabar aur bairam khan
akabar
poora nam jalaluddin muhammad akabar
janm 15 aktoobar sanh 1542 (lagabhag)[1]
janm bhoomi amarakot, sindh (pakistan)
mrityu tithi 27 aktoobar sanh 1605 (umr 63 varsh)
mrityu sthan fatehapur sikari, agara
pita/mata humayoon, mariyam maqani
pati/patni mariyam-uzh-zamani (haraka baee)
sntan jahangir ke alava 5 putr 7 betiyan
upadhi jalal-ud-din
rajy sima uttar aur madhy bharat
shasan kal 27 janavari, 1556 - 27 aktoobar, 1605
sha. avadhi 49 varsh
rajyabhishek 14 farabari 1556 kalanapur ke pas guradasapur
dharmik manyata naya mazahab banaya din-e-ilahi
yuddh panipat, haldighati
sudhar-parivartan jaziya hataya, rajapooton se vivah snbndh
rajadhani fatehapur sikari agara, dilli
poorvadhikari humayoon
uttaradhikari jahangir
rajagharana mugal
vnsh taimoor aur chngez khan ka vnsh
maqabara sikandara, agara
snbndhit lekh mugal kal

jalaluddin muhammad akabar bharat ka mahanatam mugal shnhashah badashah tha. jisane mugal shakti ka bharatiy upamahadvip ke adhikansh hisson men vistar kiya. akabar ko akabar-ai-azam, shahnshah akabar tatha mahabali shahnshah ke nam se bhi jana jata hai.

bairam khan, humayoon ka sahayogi tatha usake nabalig putr akabar ka vali athava snrakshak tha. vah badashah humayoon ka param mitr tatha sahayogi bhi tha. apane samast jivan men bairam khan ne mugal samrajy ki bahut seva ki thi. humayoon ko usaka rajy phir se hasil karane tatha kitane hi yuddhon men use vijit karane men bairam khan ka bahut bada hath tha. akabar ko bhi bharat ka samrat banane ke lie bairam khan ne asnkhy yuddh kie aur hemoo jaise shaktishali raja ko harakar bharat men mugal samrajy ki sthapana men mahattvapoorn yogadan diya.

bairam khan ka patan

hijari 961 (1553-1554 ee.) men logon ne chugali lagaee ki bairam khan svatntr hona chahata hai, lekin bairam khan namak-haram nahin tha. humayoon ek din svayn kndhar pahuncha. bairam khan ne bahutera chaha ki badashah use apane sath le chale, lekin kndhar bhi ek bahut mahattvapoorn sthan tha, jisake lie bairam khan se badhakar achchha shasak nahin mil sakata tha. akabar ke zamane men bhi bahut dinon tak kndhar bairam khan ke shasan men hi raha, usaka nayab shah muhammad kndhari usaki or se kam karata tha. humayoon ke marane par akabar ki saltanat ka bhar bairam khan ke oopar tha. khanakhana ki yogyata aur prabhav ko dekhakar marane se thoda pahale humayoon ne apani bhanji salima sultan begam ki shadi bairam khan se nishchit kar di thi. akabar ke doosare sanajaloos (1558 ee.) men bade dhoomadham se yah shadi sampann huee. darabar ke kuchh mugal saradar aur kitani hi begamen is sambandh se naraz thin. taimoori khanadan ki shahazadi ek turkaman saradar se byahi jae, ise vah kaise pasand kar sakate the.

akabar ki vriddhavastha ki tasvir

tisare sanajaloos (1558-1559 ee.) men shekh gadaee ko sadare-sudoor banaya gaya tha. gadaee aur bairam khan donon hi shiya the. amiron men ek bahut badi snkhya men sunni the. hindustan ka islam sunni tha. aj tak kabhi aisa nahin hua tha ki itane bade pad par kisi shiya ko rakha gaya ho. bairam khan ke is kary ne sabhi sunni amiron ko usake khilaf ekamat kar diya. yah bhi bairam khan ke patan ka ek mukhy karan tha. akabar ki man hamida banoo (mariyam makani), usaki doodh man maham anaga, doodhabhaee adaham khan, unaka sambandhi tatha dilli ka hakim shahabuddin, bairam khan ke khilaf shadyntr karane valon ke mukhiya the. vah akabar ko yah bhi samajha rahe the ki bairam, kamaran mirza ke ladake ko gaddi par baithana chahata hai. ye log bairam khan ke sarvanash ke lie kamar kas chuke the. khanakhana ke salahakar usase kah rahe the, ‘akabar ko giraphtar karo, lekin bairam khan aisi namak harami ke lie taiyar nahin tha.’ jab maloom hone laga ki bairam khan ka sitara doobane ja raha hai to kitane hi sahayak usase alag hokar chale ge.

bairam khan ki hatya

akabar bhi ab 18 varsh ka ho raha tha. vah bairam khan ke hathon ki kathaputali banakar rahana nahin chahata tha. udhar bairam khan ne bhi apane ap ko sarvesarva bana liya tha. isake karan usake dushmanon ki snkhya badh gee thi. darabar men ek-doosare ke khoon ke pyase do dal ban ge the. jinamen se virodhi dal ke sir par akabar ka hath tha. bairam khan ki talavar aur rajaniti ne ant men har khaee. vah pakadakar akabar ke samane upasthit kiya gaya. akabar ne kaha, “khanababa ab tin hi raste hain. jo pasand ho, use ap svikar karo: (1)rajakaj chahate ho, to chnderi aur kalapi ke zile le lo, vahan jakar hukoomat karo. (2) darabari rahana pasand hai, to mere pas raho, tumhara darja aur samman pahale jaisa hi rahega. (3) yadi haj karana chahate ho, to usaka prabandh kiya ja sakata hai.” khanakhana ne tisari bat mnzoor kar li.

haj ke lie jahaz pakadane vah samudr ki or jata hua, patan (gujarat) men pahuncha. janavari, 1561 men vishal sahasalng sarovar men nav par sair kar raha tha. sham ki namaz ka vaqt a gaya. khanakhana kinare par utara. isi samay mubarak khan lohani tis-chalis pathanon ke sath mulakat karane ke bahane vahan a gaya. bairam khan hath milane ke lie age badha. lohani ne pith men khnjar marakar chhati ke par kar diya. khanakhana vahin girakar tadapane laga. lohani ne kaha-machhivada men tumane mere bap ko mara tha, usi ka badala aj hamane le liya. bairam khan ka beta aur bhavi hindi ka mahanh kavi abdurrahim us samay char sal ka tha. akabar ko maloom hua. usane khanakhana ki begamon ko dilli bulavaya. bairam khan ki bibi tatha apani phoophi (gularukh begam) ki ladaki salima sultan ke sath svayn vivah karake bairam khan ke parivar ke sath ghanishthata sthapit ki. salima banoo akabar ki bahut prabhavashali begamon men se thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. akabaranama |lekhak: shekh abul phajal |anuvadak: daau. mathuralal sharma |prakashak: radha pablikeshan, nee dilli |prishth snkhya: 1 |

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah