अकबर का माता-पिता से बिछुड़ना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabar vishay soochi
akabar ka mata-pita se bichhudana
akabar
poora nam jalaluddin muhammad akabar
janm 15 aktoobar san 1542 (lagabhag)
janm bhoomi amarakot, sindh (pakistan)
mrityu tithi 27 aktoobar, san 1605 (umr 63 varsh)
mrityu sthan fatehapur sikari, agara
pita/mata humayoon, mariyam maqani
pati/patni mariyam-uzh-zamani (haraka baee)
sntan jahangir ke alava 5 putr 7 betiyan
shasan kal 27 janavari, 1556 - 27 aktoobar, 1605 ee.
rajyabhishek 14 faravari, 1556 kalanapur ke pas guradasapur
yuddh panipat, haldighati
rajadhani fatehapur sikari agara, dilli
poorvadhikari humayoon
uttaradhikari jahangir
rajagharana mugal
maqabara sikandara, agara
snbndhit lekh mugal kal
akabar ke janm ke samay ki sthiti sambhavatah humayoon ke jivan ki sarvadhik kashtaprad sthiti thi. is samay usake pas apane sathiyon ko bantane ke lie ek kastoori ke atirikt kuchh bhi n tha. akabar ka bachapan man-bap ke sneh se rahit askari ke snrakshan men maham anaga, jauhar shamsuddin khan evn jiji anaga ki dekh-rekh men kndhar men bita. humayoon aisi sthiti men nahin tha ki apane pratham putr ke janmotsav ko uchit riti se mana sakata. sari kathinaiyon men malik ke sath rahane vala jauhar, akabar ke samay bahut boodha hokar mara. usane likha hai-
badashah ne is snsmaran ke lekhak ko hukm diya, jo vastuen tumhen mainen saunp rakhi hain, unhen le ao. is par main jakar do sau shaharukhadi (rupaya), ek chandi ka kada aur do dana kastoori (nabhi) le aya. pahali donon chizon ko unake malikon ke pas lautane ke lie hukm diya. phir ek chini ki tastari mngaee. usamen kastoori ko phodakar rakh diya aur yah kahate hue upasthit vyaktiyon men use banta: "apane putr ke janm din ke upalakshy men ap logon ko bhent dene ke lie mere pas bas yahi maujood hai. mujhe vishvas hai, ek din usaki kirti sari duniya men usi tarah phailegi, jaise ek sthan men yah kastoori."

pita humayoon ki mushkilen

akabar ka pita humayoon mushkil se nau varsh hi shasan kar paya tha ki 26 joon, 1539 ee. ko gnga kinare 'chausa' (shahabad zile) men use sherakhan (sherashah) ke hathon karari har khani padi. chausa apane aitihasik yuddh ke lie aj utana prasiddh nahin hai, jitana apane svadisht amon ke lie. chausa ki har ke bad kannauj men humayoon ne phir bhagy-pariksha ki, lekin sherashah ne 17 mee, 1740 ee. ko apane se kee guna adhik sena ko hara diya. humayoon is bar pashchim ki or bhaga. kitane hi samay tak vah rajasthan ke registanon men bhatakata raha, par kahin se bhi use koee sahayata prapt nahin huee. isi bhatakate hue jivan men usaka parichay hamida bano begam se hua. hamida ka pita shekh ali akabar jami mir baba dost humayoon ke chhote bhaee hindal ka guru tha. hamida ki sagaee ho chuki thi, lekin chahe betakht ka hi ho, akhir humayoon badashah tha. sindh men pat ke mukam par 1541 ee. ke ant ya 1452 ee. ke prarambh men 14 varsh ki hamida ka vivah humayoon se ho gaya. apane pichhale jivan men yahi hamida bano 'mariyam makani' ke nam se prasiddh huee aur apane bete se ek hi sal pahale (29 agast, 1604 ee. men) mari. us samay kya pata tha ki humayoon ka bhagy palata khayega aur hamida ki kokh se akabar jaisa ek advitiy putr paida hoga.

mata-pita se bichhudana

humayoon apane khoye hue rajy ko phir se prapt karane ke lie sngharsharat tha. tabhi vah eeran ke tahamasp shah ki sahayata prapt karane ke khyal se kndhar ki or chala. badi mushkil se sehavan par usane sindh par kiya, phir balochistan ke raste kveta ke dakshin mastng sthan par pahuncha, jo ki kndhar ki sima par tha. is samay yahan par usaka chhota bhaee askari apane bhaee kabul ke shasak kamaran ki or se hukoomat kar raha tha. humayoon ko khabar mili ki askari hamala karake usako pakadana chahata hai. mukabala karane ke lie adami nahin the. jara-si bhi der karane se kam bigadane vala tha. usake pas men ghodon ki bhi kami thi. usane tardi beg se manga to usane dene se inkar kar diya. humayoon, hamida bano ko apane pichhe ghode par bithakar pahadon ki or bhaga. usake jate der nahin lagi ki askari do hazar savaron ke sath pahunch gaya. humayoon sal bhar ke shishu akabar ko le jane men asamarth hua. vah vahin dere men chhoot gaya. askari ne bhatije ke oopar gussa nahin utara aur use jauhar adi ke hath achchhi tarah se kndhar le gaya. kndhar men askari ki patni sultan begam vatsaly dikhalane ke lie taiyar thi.

ab akabar, askari ki patni ki dekharekh men rahane laga. khanadani pratha ke anusar doodhamataen 'anaga' niyukt ki geen. shamashuddin muhammad ne 1540 ee. men kannauj ke yuddh men humayoon ko doobane se bachaya tha, usi ki bibi jiji anaga ko doodh pilane ka kam saunpa gaya. maham anaga doosari anaga thi. yadyapi usane doodh shayad hi kabhi pilaya ho, par vahi mukhy anaga mani gee aur usake putr akabar ke doodh bhaee (koka ya kokalatash) adaham khan ka pichhe bahut man badha.


pichhe jaen
akabar ka mata-pita se bichhudana
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah