चित्रकूट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ramaghat, chitrakoot

chitrakoot uttar pradesh rajy men 38.2 varg kilomitar ke kshetr men vistrit hai. yah ek manoram, shant aur sundar prakritik sthan hai. chitrakoot charon or se vindhy parvatamala aur aranyon se ghira hua hai. yahan mndakini nadi ke kinare bane anek ghat aur mndiron men varsh bhar shraddhaluon ka avagaman hota rahata hai. yah manyata hai ki shriram ne sita aur apane anuj lakshman ke sath vanavas ke 14 varsh yahin vyatit kie the. yahin par rishi atri aur sati anusooya ne dhyan lagaya tha. chitrakoot hi vah sthan tha, jahan brahma, vishnu aur mahesh ne anusooya ke yahan janm liya.

pauranik ullekh

  • yah mana jata hai ki anek rng ki dhatuon se bhooshit hone ke karan hi is pahad ko chitrakoot kahate the-

‘pashyeyamachaln bhadre nana dvijaganayutamh shikharai: khamivodviddhairdhatumadbhirvibhooshitamh.
kechidh rajatasnkasha: kechith kshataj snnibha:, pitamanjishth varnashch kechinh manivaraprabha:.
pushpark ketakabhashch kechijjyotiras prabha:, virajanteachalendrasy desha dhatuvibhooshita:’.

  • nimn varnan se yah spasht hai ki chitrakoot ramayan kal men prayagasth bharadvaj ke ashram se keval das kos par sthit tha-
‘dashakoshitastat giriryasminnivatsyasi, maharshi sevit: puny: parvat: shubhadarshan:’[1]

darshaniy sthal

ajakal prayag se chitrakoot lagabhag chauguni doori par sthit hai. is samasya ka samadhan yah manane se ho sakata hai ki valmiki ke samay ka prayag athava gnga-yamuna ka sngam sthan aj ke sngam se bahut dakshin men tha. us samay prayag men keval muniyon ke ashram the aur is sthan ne tab tak janakirn nagar ka roop dharan nahin kiya tha. chitrakoot ki pahadi ke atirikt is kshetr ke antargat kee gram hain, jinamen sitapuri pramukh hai. pahadi par banke siddh, devangana, hanumanadhara, sita rasoee aur anusooya adi puny sthan hain. dakshin pashchim men gupt godavari namak sarita ek gahari guha se nissrit hoti hai. sitapuri payoshni nadi ke tat par sundar sthan hai aur vahin sthit hai, jahan ram-sita ki parn kuti thi. ise puri bhi kahate hain. pahale inaka nam 'jayasinhapur' tha aur yahan kolon ka nivas tha.

panna ke raja amanasinh ne jayasinhapur ko mahnt charanadas ko dan men de diya tha. inhonne hi isaka sitapuri nam rakha tha. raghavaprayag, sitapuri ka bada tirth hai. isake samane mndakini nadi ka ghat hai. chitrakoot ke pas hi kamadagiri hai. isaki parikrama 3 mil ki hai. parikrama-path ko 1725 ee. men chhatrasal ki rani chandakunvari ne pakka karavaya tha. kamata se 6 mil pashchimottar men bharat koop namak vishal koop hai. tulasi-ramayan ke anusar is koop men bharat ne sab tirthon ka vah jal dal diya tha, jo vah shriram ke abhishek ke lie chitrakoot lae the.

any tathy

mahabharat[3] men chitrakoot aur mndakini ka tirth roop men varnan kiya gaya hai-

‘chitrakoot janasthane tatha mndakini jale, vigahy vai niraharo rajalakshmya nishevyate,.

‘chitrakootavanasthn ch kathit svargatirguro: lakshmya nimantrayan chake tamanuchchhisht snpada’.
‘dharasvanodgaridari mukhaasau shrringagralagnambudavaprapnk:, badhnati me bndhuragatri chakshudript: kakudmanivachitrakoot:’.

mndakini nadi, chitrakoot
‘pariyatro dronashchitrakooto govardhano raivatak:’.
‘nagarashch sada yanti ramadarshanalalasa:, chitrakootasthitn gyatva sitaya lakshmanen ch'.

tulasidas ka varnan

mahakavi tulasidas ne ramacharitamanas (ayodhya kand) men chitrakoot ka bada manohari varnan kiya hai. tulasidas chitrakoot men bahut samay tak rahe the aur unhonne jis prem aur tadatmy ki bhavana se chitrakoot ke shabd-chitr khinche hain, ve ramayan ke sundaratam sthalon men hain-

‘raghuvar kahoo lakhan bhal ghatoo, karahu katahun ab thahar thatoo.
lakhan dikh pay utarakarara, chahun dishi phireu dhanush jiminara.
nadipanach sar sam dam dana, sakal kalush kali sauj nana.
chitrakoot jim achal aheri, chukee n ghat mar muthabheri’.

  • jain sahity men bhi chitrakoot ka varnan hai.
  • bhagavati tika[7] men chitrakoot ko 'chitrakud' kaha gaya hai.
  • bauddh grnth lalitavistar[8] men bhi chitrakoot ki pahadi ka ullekh hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ayodhya kand 54, 28.
  2. pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 557, parishisht 'k' |
  3. anushasan parv 25, 29
  4. raghuvnsh 12, 15 aur 13, 47
  5. shrimadbhagavat 5, 19, 16
  6. ayodhya kand 9, 77
  7. bhagavati tika 7,6
  8. lalitavistar pri.391

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