मंथरा

भारत डिस्कवरी प्रस्तुति
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sankshipt parichay
manthara
[[chitr:Kaikeyi-and-Manthra.jpg|manthara tatha kaikeyi|200px|center]]
avatar gandharv kanya
samay-kal ramayan kal
mahajanapad kekay
nivas ayodhya
prakritik svaroop kub di
sandarbh granth ramayan
apakirti ram ko vanavas aur bharat ko ayodhya ki rajagaddi dilane ke lie rani kaikeyi ko manthara ne hi ukasaya tha.
sanbandhit lekh kaikeyi, bharat, ramayan
any janakari jab kaikeyi ka vivah ayodhya ke raja dasharath se hua, tab manthara bhi kaikeyi ke sath hi ayodhya a gee thi.

manthara ayodhya ke raja dasharath ki rani kaikeyi ki priy dasi thi. vah ek kub di stri thi.

kianvadanti

ek kianvadanti ke anusar yah mana jata hai ki poorvajanm mean manthara 'dundubhi' nam ki ek gandharv kanya thi. 'ramacharitamanas' ke anusar manthara dasi ke kahane par hi ram ke rajyabhishek hone ke avasar par kaikayi ki mati phir gayi aur usane raja dasharath se do varadan maange. pahale var mean usane bharat ko rajyapad aur doosare var mean ram ke lie chaudah varsh ka vanavas maanga.

ayodhya agaman

manthara aur rani kaikeyi 'kekay desh' ki thian. 'kekay' ramayan tatha paravarti kal mean panjab ka ek janapad tha. ise 'kaikey', 'kaikas' ya 'kaikeyas' ke nam se bhi jana jata tha. yah gandhar aur vipasha ya biyas nadi ke bich ka pradesh tha. 'valmiki ramayan' se vidit hota hai ki kekay janapad ki rajadhani 'rajagrih' ya 'girivraj' mean thi. jab kaikeyi ka vivah ayodhya ke raja dasharath se hua, tab manthara bhi kaikeyi ke sath hi ayodhya a gee thi.

ram ka rajatilak

jab ram ke rajatilak ka samachar ayodhya ke ghar-ghar mean pahuanch gaya, tab sara nagar prasannata se jhoom utha. pratyek ghar mean mangalachar hone lage. ratabhar striyaan madhur kanth se mangalagan karati rahian. sooryoday hote hi nagar nivasi apane-apane gharoan ko vandanavar, dhvaja-pataka adi se sajane lage. nana prakar ke sugandhit evan vibhinn rang ke pushpoan se saje hat bazaroan ki shobha varnanatit ho gee. nat, nartak, gavaiya adi apane adbhut khel dikhakar puravasiyoan ka manoranjan karane lage. sthan-sthan par kadali-stambhoan ke dvar banaye gaye. aisa pratit hota tha ki ayodhya nagari navavadhoo ki bhaanti rriangar kar ram ke roop mean var ke agaman ki pratiksha kar rahi hai.[1]

manthara ki soch

maharani kaikeyi ki priy dasi manthara ke hriday ko shriram ke rajatilak ka samachar sunakar aur nagar ki is abhootapoorv chhata ko dekhakar b da aghat laga. vah sochane lagi ki kaushalya ka putr raja banega to kaushalya rajamata kahalayegi. jab kaushalya ki sthiti any raniyoan se shreshth ho jayegi to usaki dasiyaan bhi apane apako mujhase shreshth samajhane lageangian. is samay kaikeyi raja ki sarvadhik priy rani hai. rajamahal par ek prakar se usaka shasan chalata hai. isiliye rajaprasad ki sab dasiyaan mera samman karati haian. kintu kaushalya ke rajamata banane par ve mujhe hey drishti se dekhane lageangian. unaki us drishti ko maian kaise sahan kar sakooangi. nahian, yah sab kuchh maian nahian sah sakooangi. mujhe is vishay mean avashy kuchh karana chahiye.

ram ke rajyabhishek ka samachar

manthara ne mahal mean leti huee maharani kaikeyi ke pas jakar kaha- "maharani! uthiye, yah samay sone ka nahian hai. [[chitr:Kaikeyi-and-Manthra2.jpg|thumb|250px|left|manthara aur kaikeyi]] kya apako pata hai ki kal maharaj dasharath ram ka yuvaraj ke roop mean abhishek kareange?" kaikeyi manthara se yah samachar sunakar atyant prasann hueean aur puraskar ke roop mean manthara ko ek bahumooly abhooshan dete huye boli- "manthare! ram mujhe atyant priy hai. toone mujhe b da priy samachar sunaya hai. yah abhooshan to kuchh bhi nahian hai, is samachar ke lane ke liye too jo maangegi maian tujhe dooangi." yah sun kar manthara krodh se jal-bhun gee. kaikeyi dvara diye gaye abhooshan ko pheankate huye usane kaha- "rani ap b di nadan haian. yah mat bhooliye ki saut ka beta shatru hota hai. kaushalya ka abhyuday hoga aur usake rajamata ban jane par ap usaki dasi ban jayeangi. apake putr bharat ko bhi ram ki dasata svikar karani p degi. bharat ke prabhutv ka vinash hone par apaki bahoo bhi ek dasi ka jivan vyatit karegi." manthara ki is bat par kaikeyi boli- "manthara too yah samajhane ka prayatn kyoan nahian karati ki ram maharaj ke b de putr haian aur sadgunoan mean sab bhaiyoan se shreshth haian. ram aur bharat mean atyadhik prem bhi hai aur ram ko rajy milane ka arth hai, bharat ko rajy milana, kyoanki ve sab bhaiyoan ko apane hi saman samajhate haian."[1]

kaikeyi ko prerit karana

kaikeyi ke in vachanoan ne manthara ko aur bhi duahkhi kar diya. vah boli- "rani! ap yah bat kyoan bhool jati haian ki ram ke bad ram ka putr hi ayodhya ke rajasianhasan ka adhikari hoga. is prakar bharat raj parampara se alag ho jayeange. yad rakhiye ki rajy mil jane ke bad ram bharat ko rajy se nirvasit kar deange. sambhav hai ki ve bharat ko yamalok hi bhej dean." manthara ke mukh se bharat ke anisht ki ashanka ki bat sunakar kaikeyi vichalit ho uthi. usane manthara se poochha- "aisi sthiti mean mujhe kya karana chahiye?" manthara boli- "sambhavatah apako smaran hoga ki ek bar devasur sangram ke samay apako sath lekar apake pati yuddh mean indr ki sahayata karane ke liye gaye the. us yuddh mean asuroan ne astr-shastroan se maharaj dasharath ke sharir ko jarjar kar diya tha aur ve moorchhit ho gaye the. apane sarathi ban kar unaki raksha ki thi, jisake badale mean unhoanne apase do varadan maangane ke liye kaha tha. is par apane kah diya tha ki jab kabhi mujhe avashyakata hogi maian in varadanoan ko maang looangi. ab un varadanoan ko maangane ka avasar a gaya hai. ap ek var se bharat ka rajyabhishek aur doosare var se ram ke liye chaudah varsh tak ka vanavas maang lijiye. is kary ki siddhi ke liye ap maile-kuchaile vastr pahan kar kopabhavan mean jakar bina bistar bichhaye bhoomi par let jaiye. apako duahkhi aur kupit dekhakar maharaj apako manane ka prayatn kareange. ap usi samay apane donoan var maang lijiye. var maangane ke poorv unase vachan avashy le lena, kyoan ki vachan dene ke pashchath ve donoan varadanoan ko dene ke liye badhy ho jayeange." manthara ka paramarsh manakar kaikeyi ne aisa hi kiya aur kopabhavan mean jakar let gee.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 samarpan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 07 mee, 2013.

sanbandhit lekh


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