मंथरा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snkshipt parichay
mnthara
mnthara tatha kaikeyi
avatar gandharv kanya
samay-kal ramayan kal
mahajanapad kekay
nivas ayodhya
prakritik svaroop kubadi
sndarbh grnth ramayan
apakirti ram ko vanavas aur bharat ko ayodhya ki rajagaddi dilane ke lie rani kaikeyi ko mnthara ne hi ukasaya tha.
snbndhit lekh kaikeyi, bharat, ramayan
any janakari jab kaikeyi ka vivah ayodhya ke raja dasharath se hua, tab mnthara bhi kaikeyi ke sath hi ayodhya a gee thi.

mnthara ayodhya ke raja dasharath ki rani kaikeyi ki priy dasi thi. vah ek kubadi stri thi.

kinvadnti

ek kinvadnti ke anusar yah mana jata hai ki poorvajanm men mnthara 'dundubhi' nam ki ek gandharv kanya thi. 'ramacharitamanas' ke anusar mnthara dasi ke kahane par hi ram ke rajyabhishek hone ke avasar par kaikayi ki mati phir gayi aur usane raja dasharath se do varadan mange. pahale var men usane bharat ko rajyapad aur doosare var men ram ke lie chaudah varsh ka vanavas manga.

ayodhya agaman

mnthara aur rani kaikeyi 'kekay desh' ki thin. 'kekay' ramayan tatha paravarti kal men pnjab ka ek janapad tha. ise 'kaikey', 'kaikas' ya 'kaikeyas' ke nam se bhi jana jata tha. yah gndhar aur vipasha ya biyas nadi ke bich ka pradesh tha. 'valmiki ramayan' se vidit hota hai ki kekay janapad ki rajadhani 'rajagrih' ya 'girivraj' men thi. jab kaikeyi ka vivah ayodhya ke raja dasharath se hua, tab mnthara bhi kaikeyi ke sath hi ayodhya a gee thi.

ram ka rajatilak

jab ram ke rajatilak ka samachar ayodhya ke ghar-ghar men pahunch gaya, tab sara nagar prasannata se jhoom utha. pratyek ghar men mngalachar hone lage. ratabhar striyan madhur kanth se mngalagan karati rahin. sooryoday hote hi nagar nivasi apane-apane gharon ko vandanavar, dhvaja-pataka adi se sajane lage. nana prakar ke sugandhit evn vibhinn rng ke pushpon se saje hat bazaron ki shobha varnanatit ho gee. nat, nartak, gavaiya adi apane adbhut khel dikhakar puravasiyon ka manornjan karane lage. sthan-sthan par kadali-stambhon ke dvar banaye gaye. aisa pratit hota tha ki ayodhya nagari navavadhoo ki bhanti ringar kar ram ke roop men var ke agaman ki pratiksha kar rahi hai.[1]

mnthara ki soch

maharani kaikeyi ki priy dasi mnthara ke hriday ko shriram ke rajatilak ka samachar sunakar aur nagar ki is abhootapoorv chhata ko dekhakar bada aghat laga. vah sochane lagi ki kaushalya ka putr raja banega to kaushalya rajamata kahalayegi. jab kaushalya ki sthiti any raniyon se shreshth ho jayegi to usaki dasiyan bhi apane apako mujhase shreshth samajhane lagengin. is samay kaikeyi raja ki sarvadhik priy rani hai. rajamahal par ek prakar se usaka shasan chalata hai. isiliye rajaprasad ki sab dasiyan mera samman karati hain. kintu kaushalya ke rajamata banane par ve mujhe hey drishti se dekhane lagengin. unaki us drishti ko main kaise sahan kar sakoongi. nahin, yah sab kuchh main nahin sah sakoongi. mujhe is vishay men avashy kuchh karana chahiye.

ram ke rajyabhishek ka samachar

mnthara ne mahal men leti huee maharani kaikeyi ke pas jakar kaha- "maharani! uthiye, yah samay sone ka nahin hai.
mnthara aur kaikeyi
kya apako pata hai ki kal maharaj dasharath ram ka yuvaraj ke roop men abhishek karenge?" kaikeyi mnthara se yah samachar sunakar atynt prasann hueen aur puraskar ke roop men mnthara ko ek bahumooly abhooshan dete huye boli- "mnthare! ram mujhe atynt priy hai. toone mujhe bada priy samachar sunaya hai. yah abhooshan to kuchh bhi nahin hai, is samachar ke lane ke liye too jo mangegi main tujhe doongi." yah sun kar mnthara krodh se jal-bhun gee. kaikeyi dvara diye gaye abhooshan ko phenkate huye usane kaha- "rani ap badi nadan hain. yah mat bhooliye ki saut ka beta shatru hota hai. kaushalya ka abhyuday hoga aur usake rajamata ban jane par ap usaki dasi ban jayengi. apake putr bharat ko bhi ram ki dasata svikar karani padegi. bharat ke prabhutv ka vinash hone par apaki bahoo bhi ek dasi ka jivan vyatit karegi." mnthara ki is bat par kaikeyi boli- "mnthara too yah samajhane ka prayatn kyon nahin karati ki ram maharaj ke bade putr hain aur sadgunon men sab bhaiyon se shreshth hain. ram aur bharat men atyadhik prem bhi hai aur ram ko rajy milane ka arth hai, bharat ko rajy milana, kyonki ve sab bhaiyon ko apane hi saman samajhate hain."[1]

kaikeyi ko prerit karana

kaikeyi ke in vachanon ne mnthara ko aur bhi duahkhi kar diya. vah boli- "rani! ap yah bat kyon bhool jati hain ki ram ke bad ram ka putr hi ayodhya ke rajasinhasan ka adhikari hoga. is prakar bharat raj parampara se alag ho jayenge. yad rakhiye ki rajy mil jane ke bad ram bharat ko rajy se nirvasit kar denge. sambhav hai ki ve bharat ko yamalok hi bhej den." mnthara ke mukh se bharat ke anisht ki ashnka ki bat sunakar kaikeyi vichalit ho uthi. usane mnthara se poochha- "aisi sthiti men mujhe kya karana chahiye?" mnthara boli- "sambhavatah apako smaran hoga ki ek bar devasur sngram ke samay apako sath lekar apake pati yuddh men indr ki sahayata karane ke liye gaye the. us yuddh men asuron ne astr-shastron se maharaj dasharath ke sharir ko jarjar kar diya tha aur ve moorchhit ho gaye the. apane sarathi ban kar unaki raksha ki thi, jisake badale men unhonne apase do varadan mangane ke liye kaha tha. is par apane kah diya tha ki jab kabhi mujhe avashyakata hogi main in varadanon ko mang loongi. ab un varadanon ko mangane ka avasar a gaya hai. ap ek var se bharat ka rajyabhishek aur doosare var se ram ke liye chaudah varsh tak ka vanavas mang lijiye. is kary ki siddhi ke liye ap maile-kuchaile vastr pahan kar kopabhavan men jakar bina bistar bichhaye bhoomi par let jaiye. apako duahkhi aur kupit dekhakar maharaj apako manane ka prayatn karenge. ap usi samay apane donon var mang lijiye. var mangane ke poorv unase vachan avashy le lena, kyon ki vachan dene ke pashchath ve donon varadanon ko dene ke liye badhy ho jayenge." mnthara ka paramarsh manakar kaikeyi ne aisa hi kiya aur kopabhavan men jakar let gee.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 samarpan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 07 mee, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

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