आदित्य देवता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

adity devata
soory dev
parichay bhagavan soory dev ka hi ek any nam 'adity' hai. mata aditi ke garbh se janm lene ke karan hi inaka nam adity pada tha.
any nam kashyap, martnd
pita kashyap
mata aditi
patni vishvakarma ki putri sngya
vahan sat ghodon ka rath
snbndhit lekh kashyap, aditi, yamaraj, yamuna
any janakari daity tatha rakshas aditi ke putron se eershya rakhate the, isilie unaka sadaiv devataon se sngharsh hota rahata tha. aditi ki prarthana par soory dev ne aditi ke garbh se janm liya aur sabhi asuron ko bhasm kar diya.

adity soory dev ka hi ek any nam hai. mata aditi ke garbh se janm lene ke karan inaka nam adity pada tha. is shabd ke arth hain- soory, samast devata, sooryadhishthit gagan, soory ka tejomndal, adityamndalantargat hiranyavarn paramapuroosh vishnu, dakshin aur uttar path men eeshvar dvara niyukt dhoomadi evn archiradi abhimani devagan, arkavriksh, soory ke putr, indr, vaman, vasu, vishvedeva tatha tomar, lila adi barah matraon ke chhnd. vishvadev varun, shiv aur vishnu ke lie bhi adity nam ka prayog kiya jata hai.[1] daity tatha rakshas aditi ke devata putron se eershya rakhate the, isilie unaka sadaiv devataon se sngharsh hota rahata tha. aditi ki prarthana par soory dev ne aditi ke garbh se janm liya aur sabhi asuron ko bhasm kar diya.

kashyap tatha daksh kanyaen

brahma ke marichi namak putr the, jinake putr ka nam kashyap tha. kashyap ka vivah daksh ki terah kanyaon se hua tha. pratyek kanya se vishisht varg ki sntati huee. udaharan ke lie aditi ne devataon ko janm diya tatha diti ne daityon ko. isi prakar danu se danav; vinata se garud aur arun; kadroo se nag, muni tatha gndharv; ravasa se yaksh aur rakshas; krodh se kulyaen; arishta se apsaraen; ira se airavat hathi; shyeni se shyen tatha bhas, shuk adi pakshi utpann hue.

rigved ke anusar

rigved[2] men chhah adity batae ge hain-mitr, aryaman, bhag, varun, daksh tatha ansh. pun: rigved[3] men adityon ki snkhya sat kahi gee hai parntu jahan inaka namollekh nahin hai. rigved[4] tatha shatapath brahman (6-1-28) men aditi ke athaven putr ka nam martnd diya gaya hai. atharvaved[5] men aditi ke dhatri, indr, visvasvan, mitr, varoon tatha aryaman ityadi aditi ke ath putr batae ge hain. shatapath brahman[6] men 12adity hain jo kramash: 12 mahinon ke nirdeshak mane jate hain. rigved men soory ko adity kaha gaya hai. at: soory satavan aur martnd athavan adity hai. gay adityon ki bahan hai.[7]rigved (7-85-4) tatha maitrayani snhita[8] men indr ko adityon men se ek kaha gaya hai parntu shatapath brahman[9] men indr barah adityon se alag hai. adity ka ullekh vasu, rudr, marut, angiras, ritu tatha vishvedev adi devataon ke sath kee sthanon par hua hai, phir bhi vah samast devataon ka samany nam hai.[10]

aditi ki prarthana

daity, danav aur rakshas vimata (aditi) putr devataon se eershya ko anubhav karate the. at: un logon ka paraspar sngharsh hota rahata tha. ek bar varshon tak parasparik yuddh ke uparant devata parajit ho gaye. aditi ne dukhi hokar soory ki aradhana ki. soory ne sahastr anshon sahit aditi ke garbh se janm lekar asuron ko parast kar devataon ko trilok ka rajy pun: dilane ka ashvasan diya. aditi garbhakal men bhi pooja-path aur vrat men lagi rahati thi. ek bar kashyap ne rusht hokar kaha-'yah vrat rakhakar tum garbhasth ande ko mar dalana chahati ho kya?' is karan se soory 'martnd' kahalaye. taittiriy brahman[11] men katha milati hai ki aditi ne brahmadev ko uddeshit kar chaval pakaya taki usaki kokh se sadhyadev utpann hon. ahuti dekar bacha hua chaval usane khaya jisase dhatri evn aryaman do judavan putr hue . doosari bar mitr tatha varun, tisari bar ansh evn bhag aur chauthi bar indr evn vivasvan hue . yahin kaha gaya hai ki aditi ke 12 putr hi dvadashadity ya sadhy namak dev hain. aitarey brahman tatha any brahmanon men adity ki utpatti samaved se bhi bataee gee hai. puranon men adity kashyap tatha aditi ke putr hain.

asuron ka nash

'kalantar men soory ne aditi ki kokh se janm liya, is karan se unaka ek nam 'adity' bhi pad gaya.' soory ki kroor drishti ke tej se dagdh hokar asur bhasm ho gaye. devataon ko unaka khoya hua rajy pun: prapt ho gaya. vishvakarma ne prasann hokar apani putri sngya ka vivah soory (vivasvan) se kar diya.[12]

adityagan

devamata aditi aur kashyap ke putron ko 'adityagan' kaha jata hai, jo pahale chakshush manvantar men baikunth namak sadhyagan hue the.[13] vaivasvat manvantar ane par aditi dvara aradhit adityon ne ekamat hokar kaha- 'ham yogabal se adhe tej vale hokar isi ke putr hain'.[14] adityagan pratham treta yugarnbh ke vaivasvat kal ke devata hain, jinhen 'jayadev' kaha jata hai.[15] chakshush yug men barah adityaganon ko 'tushitagan' kahate the.[16] in barah adityon ke nam is prakar hain-

  1. indr
  2. dhatri
  3. bhag
  4. tvashta
  5. mitr
  6. varun
  7. aryamanh
  8. vivasvath
  9. savitri
  10. pooshanh
  11. anshumath
  12. vishnu[17]
  • vayupuran men inhen pratham marudganon men se ek bataya gaya hai, ye sab bhuvalok ke nivasi hain.[18]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat, anushasanaparv.
  2. 2-27-1
  3. 9-114-3
  4. 10-72-8-9
  5. 8-9-21
  6. 11-6-3-8
  7. ri. 8-10-1-15
  8. 2-1-12
  9. 11-6-3-5
  10. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 368 |
  11. 1-1-9-1
  12. vaivasvat manu ma. pu., 99-102
  13. pauranik kosh |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snpadan: rana prasad sharma |prishth snkhya: 44 |
  14. brahmandapuran 2.38.3; 3.1.61; 3.57.61; 67-8; 4.34; matsyapuran 171.55; vayupuran 30.83,99, 1,187, 268; vishnupuran 1.15-128-131
  15. bhagavatapuran 8.13.4; 6.7.2; 10.17; matsyapuran 9.29
  16. vayupuran 67.44; matsyapuran 6.3; vishnupuran 1.15.134
  17. bhagavatapuran 12.11.30-45; brahmandapuran 2.24.33-4, 75; matsyapuran 132.3; 247.10; vishnupuran 1.15.13.-3
  18. vayupuran 101.30

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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