तारामती  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

taramati (angrezi: Taramati) raja harishchandr ki rajamahishi aur shaivy desh ke raja ki putri thin. inhen shaivya nam se bhi jana jata tha. satyavadi harishchandr dom ke hath bik gaye the aur taramati ek brahman ke yahan dasi ka kam karane lagin. vahan unake putr rohitashv ki sarp-dnsh se mrityu ho gayi. at: ve use shmashan lekar pahunchin, jahan dom dvara niyukt harishchandr ne 'kar' manga. shaivya ke pas kar chukane ke lie balak ka kafan bhi nahin tha, kintu karttavyaroodh harishchandr bina kar liye dah snskar nahin karane de rahe the. unaki satyanishtha se prasann hokar indr prakat hue aur vishvamitr ne pariksha men saphal harishchandr ke putr ko jivit kar diya.[1]

katha

vishvamitr dvara harishchandr ki pariksha

harishchandr ikshvaku vnsh ke prasiddh raja the. kaha jata hai ki sapane men bhi ve jo bat kah dete the, usaka palan nishchit roop se karate the. unake rajy men sarvatr sukh aur shanti thi. unaki patni ka nam taramati tatha putr ka nam rohitashv tha. taramati ko kuchh log shaivya bhi kahate the. maharaja harishchandr ki satyavadita aur tyag ki sarvatr charcha thi. ek bar maharshi vishvamitr ne harishchandr ke saty ki pariksha lene ka nishchay kiya.

harishchndr dvara rajy-dan

ratri men maharaja harishchandr ne svapn dekha ki koee tejasvi brahman rajabhavan men aya hai. unhen bade adar se baithaya gaya tatha unaka yathesht adar-satkar kiya gaya. maharaja harishchandr ne svapn men hi is brahman ko apana rajy dan men de diya. maharaj harishchndr jagane par is svapn ko bhool gaye. doosare din maharshi vishvamitr unake darabar men aye. unhonne maharaj ko svapn men die gaye dan ki yad dilaee. dhyan karane par maharaj ko svapn ki sari baten yad a gayin aur unhonne is bat ko svikar kar liya. dhyan dene par unhonne pahachana ki svapn men jis brahman ko unhonne rajy dan kiya tha, ve maharshi vishvamitr hi the. raja ne unhen apane samast adhikar saunp diye aur sara rajy unhen dan men de diya.

vishvamitr ki dakshina

vishvamitr ne raja se dakshina mangi, kyonki yah dharmik parampara hai ki dan ke bad dakshina di jati hai. raja ne mntri se dakshina dene hetu rajakosh se mudra lane ko kaha. vishvamitr bigad gaye. unhonne kaha- "jab sara rajy tumane dan men de diya hai, tab rajakosh tumhara kaise raha? yah to hamara ho gaya. usamen se dakshina dene ka adhikar tumhen kahan raha?" maharaja harishchandr sochane lage. vishvamitr ki bat men sachchaee thi, kintu unhen dakshina dena bhi avashyak tha. ve yah soch hi rahe the ki vishvamitr bol pade- "tum hamara samay vyarth hi nasht kar rahe ho. tumhen yadi dakshina nahin deni hai to saph-saph kah do, main dakshina nahin de sakata. dan dekar dakshina dene men anakani karate ho. main tumhe shap de doonga." harishchandr vishvamitr ki baten sunakar du:khi ho gaye. ve adharm se darate the. ve bole- "bhagavan ! main aisa kaise kar sakata hoon? ap jaise maharshi ko dan n dekar dakshina kaise roki ja sakati hai? rajamahal kosh sab apaka ho gaya. ap mujhe thoda samay dijiye taki main apaki dakshina ka prabndh kar sakoon."

vishvamitr ne samay to de diya, kintu chetavani bhi di ki yadi samay par dakshina n mili to ve shap dekar bhasm kar denge. raja ko bhasm hone ka bhay to nahin tha, kintu samay se dakshina n chuka pane par apane apayash ka bhay avashy tha. unake pas ab ek matr upay tha ki ve svayn ko bechakar dakshina chuka den. un dinon manushyon ko pashuon ki bhanti becha-kharida jata tha. raja ne svayn ko kashi men bechane ka nishchay kiya. ve apana rajy vishvamitr ko saunp kar apani patni v putr ko lekar kashi chale aye. kashi men raja harishchandr ne kee sthalon par svayn ko bechane ka prayatn kiya, par saphalata n mili. saynkal tak raja ko shmashan ghat ke malik dom ne kharida. raja apani rani v putr se alag ho gaye. rani taramati ko ek sahookar ke yahan gharelu kamakaj karane ko mila aur raja ko maraghat ki rakhavali ka kam. is prakar raja ne prapt dhan se vishvamitr ki dakshina chuka di.

rohitashv ki mrityu

taramati jo pahale maharani thin, jinake pas saikadon das-dasiyan thi, ab bartan majane aur chauka lagane ka kam karane lagin. svarn sinhasan par baithane vale raja harishchandr shmashan par pahara dene lage. jo log shav jalane maraghat par ate the, unase kar vasoolane ka kary raja ko diya gaya. apane malik ki dant-phatakar sahate hue bhi niyam v eemanadari se apana kary karate rahe. unhonne apane kary men kabhi bhi koee truti nahin hone di. idhar rani ke sath ek hriday vidarak ghatana ghati. unake sath putr rohitashv bhi rahata tha. ek din khelate-khelate use sanp ne dns liya. usaki mrityu ho gayi. vah yah bhi nahin janati thin ki usake pati kahan rahate hain. pahale se hi vipatti jhelati huee taramati par yah duahkh vajr ki bhanti a gira. unake pas kafan tak ke lie paise nahin the. vah roti, bilakhati kisi prakar apane putr ke shav ko god men utha kar antim snskar ke lie shmashan le gayin.

rat ka samay tha. sara shmashan sannate men dooba tha. ek do shav jal rahe the. isi samay putr ka shav lie rani bhi shmashan par pahunchin. harishchandr ne taramati se shmashan ka kar manga. unake anunay-vinay karane par tatha unaki baton se ve rani tatha apane putr ko pahachan gaye, kintu unhonne niyamon men dhil nahin di. unhonne apane malik ki agya ke viruddh kuchh bhi nahin kiya. unhonne taramati se kaha- "shmashan ka kar to tumhen dena hi hoga. usase koee mukt nahin ho sakata. agar main kisi ko chhod doon to yah apane malik ke prati vishvasaghat hoga." unhonne taramati se kaha- "agar tumhare pas aur kuchh nahin hai to apani sadi ka adha bhag phad kar de do, main use hi kar men le loonga."

taramati vivash thin. unhonne jaise hi sadi ko phadana arambh kiya, akash men gnbhir garjana huee. vishvamitr prakat ho gaye. unhonne rohitashv ko bhi jivit kar diya. vishvamitr ne harishchandr ko ashirvad dete hue kaha- "tumhari pariksha ho rahi thi ki tum kis sima tak saty evn dharm ka palan kar sakate ho." yah kahate hue vishvamitr ne unhen unaka rajy jyo ka tyon lauta diya. maharaj harishchandr ne svayn ko bechakar bhi satyavrat ka palan kiya. yah saty evn dharm ke palan ki ek bemisal udaharan hai.



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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dekhie 'satyaharishchandr' :bharatendu harishchandr, mohan avasthi

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