अक्रूर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akrooraji krishn aur balaram ko mathura le jate hue

akroor ek pramukh yaduvnshi aur krishn ke chacha the. ve vasudev ke bhaee batae jate hain. kns ki salah par shrikrishn aur balaram ko yahi vrindavan se mathura lae the. kns ka vadh karane ke pashchath krishn inake ghar ge the. ve akroor ko apana guru manate the. akroor ki mrityu ke uparant krishn ke pautr vajr ke rokane par bhi inaki patniyan nahin rukin aur van men tapasya karane ke lie chali geen.

satrajit namak yadav ko soory se mili syamntak mani, jisaki chori ka kalnk shrikrishn ko laga tha, inhin ke pas thi. ye darakar mani ko lekar kashi chale ge. syamntak mani ki yah visheshata thi ki jahan vah hoti thi, vahan dhan-dhany bhara rahata tha. akroor ke chale jane par dvaraka men akal ke lakshan prakat hone lage. is par shrikrishn ka anurodh manakar akroor dvaraka vapas chale ae. inhonne syamntak mani shrikrishn ko de di. shrikrishn ne mani ka sarvajanik roop se pradarshan karake apane oopar laga chori ka kalnk mitaya.

tirtharajn hi chakroorn guhyanan guhyabhuttamamh .

tatphaln samavapnoti sarvvatirthavagahanath ॥
akroore ch pun: snatva rahugrast divakare .

rajasooyashvamedhabhyan phalamapnoti manav: ॥

akroor shvaphalak aur gandini ke putr the. sknd purananusar poorv janm men yah chndr namak brahman the. haridvar nivasi devasharma namak atrikulotpann brahman ke yah shishy tatha jamata the jinaki gunavati namak byahi thi.

akroor ghat

mathura aur vrindavan ke bich men brahmahrad namak ek sthan hai. shrikrishn ne yahin par akroor ko divy darshan karae the. braj kshetr ka yah bhi ek pramukh tirth mana jata hai aur vaishakh shukl navami ko yahan mela lagata hai. vrindavan ate hue akroor ne marg men yamuna men krishn tatha balaram ke divy roop ke darshan kiye arthath bhagavan annt ki god men krishn ko dekha.[1]

akroor tirth

akroor tirth, sarv tirthon ke raja evn gopaniyata ke bich men ati gopaniy hai. pun: sooryagrahan ke din akroor tirth men snan karane se rajasooy ashvamedh ygy ka phal prapt hota hai. is sthan par shri akroor ji ne snan karate samay shrikrishn ke vibhooti darshan ka labh prapt kiya tha. kns ne shri mahadev ji ko tapasya se santusht kar ek dhanush prapt kiya tha. shri mahadev ne unako ashirvadapoorvak varadan diya tha ki is dhanush ke dvara tum bahut se rajyon ka jay labh kar sakate ho. is dhanuhsh ko koee shighr saralata se tod nahin sakata. jo is dhanush ko todega usake hathon se hi tumhari mrityu hogi. dhanush ygy ka snvad kns ne vibhinn desh-videsh men pracharit kar diya. idhar shrikrishn-balaram ke anushthan men yogadan ke liye kns ne shri akrooraji ko gokul men preshit kiya tab akroor ji shrikrishn aur balaram ko rath men baithakar kns ki rajadhani mathura ki taraph chal pade.

bhagavat ke anusar

krishn ne kns ke anek anuchar daityon ko mar dala to narad ne jakar kns se kaha ki krishn devaki ka putr hai tatha balaram rohini ka. is prakar donon hi vasudev ke putr hain. kns ne keshi namak rakshas ko use mar dalane ke lie bheja. kns ne mushtik, chanoor, shal, toshal adi mallon ko bulakar kaha-'braj nivasi ram aur krishn nam ke do balakon men se kisi ke hathon meri mrityu likhi hai. at: tum log dngal men ghere ke phatak par hi kuvalayapid hathi ko rakhana. usi ke dvara unhen marava dena. tadanntar akroor ko bulakar usane kaha-'ap vasudev ke donon beton balaram tatha krishn ko ghumane ke bahane se yahan liva laie. meri mrityu unhin ke hathon likhi hai. unhen ap jaise bhi ho, yahan le aiega. un logon ko meri or se dhanush-ygy utsav ke lie amantrit kijiega.' akroor ne braj men jakar kns ka sndesh diya. sath hi balaram tatha krishn ke sammukh kns ka uddeshy bhi spasht kar diya. un donon ne hnsakar vahan sabase agya li aur akroor ke sath mathura ke lie prasthan kiya. marg men donon bhaiyon ne akroor ko apane virat roop ke darshan karavaye. akroor kritakrity ho gaye. mathura pahunchakar shrikrishn ne sabake dekhate-dekhate dhanush tod dala, kns ki sena ko mar dala aur apane dere par laut gaye. tadanntar shrikrishn ne akroor ko hastinapur bheja. akroor ne lautakar krishn ko bataya ki dhritarashtr pandavon ke prati anyay karate hue apane beton ko rokane men asamarth the. dhritarashtr ko samajhana bhi asnbhav tha. kunti apane bhaee-bndhuon men sabase adhik krishn ko yad karati thi. usane apani paravashata ki katha akroor ko sunayi thi. [2] [3]

  • narad krishn snvad ne krishn ke sambandh men kee baten hamen spasht snket deti hain ki krishn ne bhi ek sahaj sngh mukhiya ke roop men hi samasyaon se joojhate hue samay vyatit kiya hoga .
  • isake atirikt ahuk aur akroor donon hi parakrami tatha kathin karm karane vale hain, isase ve log jis or rahenge, usaki apeksha du:khadayak kuchh bhi nahin hai, aur jisaki or n rahenge, use bhi usase adhik du:kh ka vishay kuchh bhi nahin ho sakata.[4]

kavyon men

  • krishnakavy men akroor kns ke doot, punyatma, brajavasi tatha mathura vasi krishn ki katha ke snyojak aur krishn bhakt ke roop men chitrit hue hain. akroor ke charitr aur usase sambandhit kathaon ka mooladhar bhagavat[5] men prapt hai. bhagavat ke akroor krishn ke shubhachintak, snrakshak, abhibhavak aur antat: bhakt hain.
  • lok prasiddhi ke anusar ve yadavavnshi tatha vasudev ke bhaee kahe jate hain. inaki mata ka nam gandini tatha pita ka nam shvaphalk tha, atev inake lie 'suphalak sut' shabd ka bhi prayog hua hai. akroor ki patni ka nam ugrasena tha. kaha jata hai ki anadrit hone par ye krishn ki rajasabha men rahane lage the. kns ke adesh par ye dhanush ygy ke bahane balaram aur krishn ko mathura lane ke lie gokul jate hain. moolat: krishn bhakt hone ke karan brajagaman par krishn ke roop tatha alaukik vyaktitav ke chintan dvara akroor ki bhaktibhavana abhivynjit hoti hain. kadachit akroor ke bhakti pravan vyaktitv ke hi karan krishn unaka atithy svikar karate hain.
  • krishn ke mathura evn dvarika pravas men akroor unake anugami bhakt hi rahate hain. dhanva se prapt syamntak mani ke snrakshan ke karan akroor ka vishesh mahattv badh jata hai kyonki is mani ke snrakshak ko vipul dhanarashi ki prapti ki prasiddhi thi tatha isake dvara anavrishti adi ka niyntran bhi snbhav tha. ek bar kisi karanavash akroor ke dvarika chhodakar anyatr chale jane ke karan dvarika men anavrishti, durbhiksh, akal adi ka prabaly ho utha. krishn ke nirdesh par dvarikavasi akroor ko dvarika vapas laye jisase samast upadrav shant ho gaye. yadyapi ye mani ko chhipakar rakhate the, parantu krishn ke kahane par akroor ne unhen mani dikha di.
  • sooradas ne bhagavat men prapt katha ke paribardhit evn vistrit roop ke madhy se akroor ka charitr prastut kiya hai.[6] bhagavat ke anusar mathura jate samay marg men akroor yamuna snan karate hain to inhen jal men krishn ke darshan hote hain, kintu phir kar dekhane par krishn rath men usi prakar baithe hue dikhaee dete hain. bhagavat men krishn ke is prakar ke darshan ka koee karan nirdisht nahin hua, kintu soor ne akroor ki bhaktinishthata ki vynjana karate hue antardvandv men phnse bhakt ke sandeh nivaranarth aradhy krishn ka darshan karaya hai. isi prakar akroor ke shyamavarn evn roop ki vishisht kalpana soor ki maulik udbhavana hai jisake karan 'bhramaragit' ke prasng men ve akaran hi gopiyon ki upeksha ke bhagi banate hain.
  • vaishnavadas, rasakhan, anandadas, jayaram, sabalasyam hitadas, krishnadas adi dvara kiye gaye bhagavat dasham skandh ke bhashanuvadon men akroor ka charitr bhagavat ke hi adhar par chitrit hua hai. sooradas ke saman kisi bhi kavi ne unake vyaktitv men bhakti ka rng ubharane ka yatn nahin kiya.
  • ritiyug men akroor ka charitr krishn katha ki snkuchit paridhi evn simit drishtikonon ke karan upekshit-sa raha. 'bhramaragit' evn gopiyon ki virahanubhooti ke sandarbh men prasng vash unake upeksha bhagi ke roop men sphut kavitton ke antargat akroor ka namollekh matr hua hai.
  • adhunik krishn kavyon men keval dvarikaprasad mishr krit 'krishnayan'[7] ke atirikt ayodhyasinh upadhyay ke 'priy pravas'[8] tatha maithilisharan gupt krit 'dvapar'[9] adi kavy-granthon men krishn katha ke snkochan evn drishtikonagat parivartan ke karan akroor ka charitr poornata ke sath varnit n ho saka. adhikatar ve brajavasi tatha dvarikavasi krishn ki katha ke snyojak hi roop men varnit hue hain. ve balaram aur krishn ko braj se mathura lane ke apane kroor karm ke lie pashchatap karate hain. isake atirikt adhunik yug ka buddhivad unake bhaktipravan vyaktitv ko prabhavit karata hua dikhaee padata hai. krishnayan, priy pravas, dvapar men any patron ke saman ve bhi apane paramparagat roop ki apeksha prabuddh dikhaye gaye hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hari0 b0 pu0, vishnu parv, 25 26
  2. shrimadh bhagavat, 10 .39, 42, 49 .
  3. brahm puran, 191-192 .(adholikhit ansh se itar shrimadh bhagavat jaisa hi hai.
  4. syatan yasyahukakroorau kin nu du:khatarn tat: .
    yasy vapi n tau syatan kin nu du:khatarn tat: ॥10॥mahabharat shanti parv adhyay-82
  5. bhagavat(dashamaskandh 38.39.40.56.57
  6. soorasagar, dashamh skndh p0 3629-3651, 1645,4809
  7. krishnayan, avataran, mathura dvarika kand
  8. priy pravas, sarg 2.3
  9. dvapar, pri0 122-131

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