कृष्णदास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

krishnadas
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janm 1495 ee.
janm bhoomi tilotara, rajanagar, gujarat
mrityu 1575 se 1581 ee. ke bich men
abhibhavak keshavadas mishr aur taravati
karm bhoomi braj
karm-kshetr kavi
mukhy rachanaen jugalaman charit, bhramaragit, prematattv niroopan, rag-kalpadrum, rag-ratnakar
vishay sagun bhakti kavy
bhasha braj bhasha
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

parichay

ashtachhap ke pratham char kaviyon men antim krishnadas adhikari hain. unaka janm sanh 1495 ee. ke asapas gujarat pradesh ke ek gramin kunabi parivar men hua tha. sanh 1509 ee. men ve pushtimarg men dikshit hue aur sanh 1575 aur 1581 ee. ke bich unaka dehavasan hua. balyakal se hi krishnadas men asadharan dharmik pravritti thi. 12-13 varsh ki avastha men unhonne apane pita ke ek chori ke aparadh ko pakadakar unhen mukhiya ke pad se hatava diya tha. isake phalasvaroop pita ne unhen ghar se nikal diya aur ve bhraman karate hue braj men a gaye. usi samay shrinath ji ka svaroop navin mandir men pratishthit kiya jane vala tha. shrinath ji ke darshan kar ve bahut prabhavit hue. ballabhachary ji se bhent kar unhonne sampraday ki diksha grahan ki.

charitragat visheshata

krishnadas men asadharan buddhimatta, vyavahar-kushalata aur snghatan ki yogyata thi. pahale unhen vallabhachary ne bhentiya (bhent ugahanevala) ke pad par rakha aur phir unhen shrinathaji ke mandir ke adhikari ka pad saunp diya. apane is uttaradayitv ka krishnadas ne badi yogyata se nirvah kiya. mandir par gaudiy vaishnav sampraday ke bngali brahmanon ka prabhav badhata dekhakar krishnadas ne chhal aur bal ka prayog kar unhen nikal diya. apane uddeshy ki poorti ke lie krishnadas ko bngaliyon ki jhopadiyon men ag lagani padi tatha unhen banson se pitavana pada. shrinathaji ke mandir men krishnadas adhikari ka aisa ekadhipaty ho gaya tha ki ek bar unhonne svayn gosaee vitthalanath se seva ka adhikar chhinakar unake bhatije shri purushottamaji ko de diya tha. lagabhag 6 mahine tak gosaee ji shrinath ji se viyukt hokar parasauli men nivas karate rahe. maharaj birabal ne krishnadas ko is aparadh ke dandasvaroop bandikhane men dalava diya tha parantu gosaeen ji ne maharaj birabal ki is agya ke viruddh anashan kar krishnadas ko mukt kara diya. vitthalanath ji ki is udarata se prabhavit hokar krishnadas ko apane mithya ahnkar par pashchatap hua aur unhonne gosvami ji ke prati bhi bhakti-bhav prakat karana prarambh kar diya tatha unaki prashnsa men ve pad-rachana bhi karane lage. vastav men gosvamiji ke prati krishnadas ne jo durvyavahar kiya tha, usaka karan kuchh aur tha. gngabaee namak ek kshatrani se krishnadas ki gahari mitrata thi. ek bar gosvami ji ne unake is sambandh par kuchh katu vyngy kiya jisase krishnadas ne asantusht hokar unase yah badala liya. ek bar visham jvar ki avastha men pyas lagane par unhonne vrindavan ke anyamargiy vaishnav brahmanon ke yahan jal nahin piya, jab ek pushtimargiy bhngi ke yahan ka jal laya gaya tab unhonne apani pyas bujhayi.

pushtimarg aur krishnadas

charitr ki itani durbalataen hote hue bhi krishnadas ko sampradayik siddhanton ka bahut achchha gyan tha aur bhaktagan unake upadeshon ke lie atyant utsuk raha karate the. jati ke shoodr hote hue bhi sampraday men unaka sthan us samay agragany tha aur unhonne pushtimarg ke prachar men jo samayik yog diya vah kadachit ashtachhap men any bhakt kaviyon ki apeksha kahin adhik saraha jata tha. krishnadas ne krishnalila ke anek prasngon par pad-rachana ki hai. prasiddh hai ki padarachala men sooradas ke sath ve pratispardha karate the. is kshetr men bhi apane svabhav ke anusar unaki ichchha sarvopari sthan grahan karane ki thi. bhale hi krishnadas ne uchchakoti ki kavyarachana n ki ho, unhonne apane prabandh-kaushal dvara paristhitiyon ke nirman men avashy mahattvapoorn yog diya, jinake karan sooradas, paramanandadas, nandadas adi mahanh kaviyon ko apani pratibha ka vikas karane ke lie avasar mila.

chaurasi vaishnavon ki varta

krishnadas janm se shoodr hote hue bhi vallabhachary ke kripa-patr the aur mndir ke pradhan ho ge the. ‘chaurasi vaishnavon ki varta’ ke anusar ek bar gosaeen vitthalanathaji se kisi bat par aprasann hokar inhonne unaki dyodhi bnd kar di. is par gosaeen ke kripapatr maharaj birabal ne inhen kaid kar liya. pichhe gosaeen ji is bat se bade dukhi hue aur unako karagar se mukt karake pradhan ke pad par phir jyon ka tyon pratishthit kar diya. inhonne bhi aur sab krishn bhakton ke saman radhakrishn ke prem ko lekar shrringar ras ke hi pad gae hain. ‘jugalaman charit’ namak inaka ek chhota sa grnth milata hai. isake atirikt inake banae do grnth aur kahe jate hain- bhramaragit aur prematattv niroopan .


rachanaen

inaka kavitakal sanh 1550 ke asapas mana jata hai .

  1. jugalaman charit
  2. bhramaragit
  3. prematattv niroopan

krishnadas ke 'rag-kalpadrum', 'rag-ratnakar' aur sampraday ke kirtan sngrahon men prapt padon ka vishay lagabhag vahi hai jo kumbhanadas ke padon ka hai. atirikt vishayon men chandravaliji ki badhaee, gokulanathaji ki badhaee aur gosaeenji ke hindora ke pad vishesh ullekhaniy hain. krishnadas ke kul padon ki snkhya 250 se adhik nahin hai. krishnadas ke padon ka sngrah vidyavibhag, kankaroli se prakashit hua hai.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

sahayak granth-

  • chaurasi vaishnavan ki varta;
  • ashtachhap aur vallabh sampraday : da. dinadayal gupt:
  • ashtachhap parichay: shri prabhudayal mital.


snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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