भवानी प्रसाद मिश्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhavani prasad mishr
bhavani prasad mishr
poora nam bhavani prasad mishr
janm 29 march, 1913 ee.
janm bhoomi tigariya ganv, hoshngabad, madhy pradesh
mrityu 20 faravari, 1985 ee.
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'git farosh', 'buni huee rassi', 'nili rekha tak', 'manasarovar', 'anam tum ate ho', 'trikal sndhya', 'chakit hai du:kh' aur 'andheri kavitaen', adi.
bhasha hindi, angrezi, snskrit
shiksha bi.e.
puraskar-upadhi 'sahity akadami puraskar' aur 'padmashri', rajy stariy shikhar samman
prasiddhi hindi ke prasiddh kavi aur gandhivadi vicharak
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

bhavani prasad mishr (angrezi: Bhawani Prasad Mishra, janm: 29 march, 1913; mrityu: 20 faravari, 1985) hindi ke prasiddh kavi tatha gandhivadi vicharak the. bhavani prasad mishr doosare tar-saptak ke ek pramukh kavi hain. mishr ji vicharon, snskaron aur apane karyon se poornat: gandhivadi hain. gandhivad ki svachchhata, pavanata aur naitikata ka prabhav aur usaki jhalak bhavani prasad mishr ki kavitaon men saf dekhi ja sakati hai. unaka pratham sngrah 'git-farosh' apani nee shaili, nee udbhavanaon aur naye path-pravah ke karan atynt lokapriy hua.

jivan parichay

bhavani prasad mishr ka janm tigariya ganv men, hoshngabad (madhy pradesh) men hua tha. bhavani prasad mishr ki prarnbhik shiksha kramash: sohagapur, hoshngabad, narasinhapur aur jabalapur men huee| unhonne hindi, angrezi aur snskrit vishay lekar bi. e. pas kiya. bhavani prasad mishr ne mahatma gandhi ke vicharon se prerit hokar shiksha dene ke vichar se ek skool khol liya aur us skool ko chalate hue hi 1942 men giraphtar hokar 1949 men chhoote. usi varsh mahilashram vardha men shikshak ki tarah chale ge aur char panch sal vardha men bitae.

sahityik jivan

bhavani prasad mishr ka kavitaen likhane ki shurooat lagabhag 1930 se ho gayi thi aur kuchh kavitaen pndit eeshvari prasad varma ke sampadan men nikalane vale 'hindoo pnch' men haeeskool pas hone ke pahale hi prakashit ho chuki thin. san 1932-33 men ve makhanalal chaturvedi ke snpark men ae. shri chaturvedi agrahapoorvak karmavir men bhavani prasad mishr ki kavitaen prakashit karate rahe. hns men kafi kavitaen chhapin aur phir agyey ji ne doosare saptak men inhe prakashit kiya. doosare saptak ke prakashan ke bad prakashan kram jyada niyamit hota gaya. unhonne chitrapat (sinema) ke lie snvad likhe aur madras ke ebiem men snvad nirdeshan bhi kiya. madras se mumbee akashavani ke nirmata ban ge aur akashavani kendr, dilli par bhi kam kiya.

kritiyan

  1. git-farosh
  2. chakit hai dukh
  3. gandhi pnchashati
  4. andheri kavitaen
  5. buni huee rassi
  6. vyaktigat
  7. khushboo ke shilalekh
  8. parivartan jie
  9. trikal sndhya
  10. anam tum ate ho
  11. indan mamh
  12. sharir, kavita, phasalen aur phool
  13. manasarovar
  14. din
  15. snprati
  16. ‘nili rekha tak’ adi kul 22 pustaken apaki prakashit hueen.

apane snsmaran, nibndh tatha bal-sahity bhi racha.

shaili

bhavani prasad mishr un gine chune kaviyon men the, jo kavita ko hi apana dharm manate the aur amajanon ki bat unaki bhasha men hi rakhate the. ve 'kaviyon ke kavi' the. mishr ji ki kavitaon ka pramukh gun kathan ki sadagi hai. bahut halke-phulake dhng se ve bahut gahari bat kah dete hain jisase unaki nishchhal anubhav snpannata ka abhas milata hai. inaki kavy-shaili hamesha pathak aur shrota ko ek batachit ki tarah sammilit karati chalati hai. mishr ji ne apane sahityik jivan ko bahut pracharit aur prasarit nahin kiya. mishr ji maun nishchhalata ke sath sahity-rachana men snlagn hain. isilie unake bahut kam kavy-sngrah prakashit hue hain. 'git-farosh' ke prakashan ke varshon bad 'chakit hai dukh', aur 'andheri kavitaen' namak do kavy-sngrah idhar prakashit hue hain.[1]

gandhi giton ke gayak

bhavanibaboo ek bar shuroo karen phir unhen doosara sunane ka agrah karane ki zaroorat nahin padati thi. ek ke bad doosari kavita nikalati jati thi, pnchatntr ki kathaon ki bhanti. kee bar to ek kavita kab poori huee aur doosari kab shuroo huee isaka shrota ko bhan nahin rahata. meghani bhaee (gujarati ke prakhyat kavi jhaverachnd meghani) ke alava itani adhik svarachit rachanaon ko knthasth rakhane vale kisi any kavi se milana bahut mushkil hai. jab ve kavy-path karate tab mano shrota un par upakar kar rahe hon aisi kritgy drishti se unhen dekh rahe hote the. parntu jyon-jyon giton men ve gahare utarate tyon-tyon unaka path svant: sukhay ho jata. bavajood isake shrotaon ko bhi ve sarobar kar dete the. kee bar to unaka chhnd shrotaon ko sath gane ki prerana de jata tha.[2]

chalo git gao chalo git gao.
ki ga ga ke duniya ko sar par uthao
abhagon ki toli agar ga uthegi
to duniya pe dahashat badi chha uthegi
sura-besura kuchh n sochenge gao
ki jaisa bhi sur pas men hai chadhao[2]

manavavadi kavi

azadi ke bad bhavani prasad adhikatar dilli ki dhool aur dhuen ke bich shahar men rahe. parntu desh ke kalyan ki kamana ne unhen kabhi dilli ki maya men phnsane nahin diya. yoon bade logon ke sath jan-pahachan ki kami n thi. mahatma gandhi, vinoba bhave, javaharalal neharoo, jaison ke sath unaka parichay tha. bajaj kutumb ke sath gharopa tha. shrimannarayan to unake mukt prashnsak the parntu inake pahachan ka khud labh kabhi nahin liya. vicharon se bhavani baboo sachche gandhivadi the, magar unaka kavi hriday kisi vad ke khanche men sama jae aisa n tha. isilie ve gandhivadi kavi banane ke badale manavavadi kavi bane rahe. bhavani prasad mishr ki kavitaon ki samiksha karate hue prophesar mahavir saran jain ka kathan hai ki, "hindi ki nee kavita par sabase bada akshep yah hai ki usamen atirikt anastha, nirasha, vishad, hatasha, kuntha aur maranadharmita hai. usako padhane ke bad jine ki lalak samapt ho jati hai, vyakti hatotsahit ho jata hai, man nirashavadi aur maranasann ho jata hai. yah ki nee kavita ne pida, vedana, shok aur nirasha ko hi jivan ka saty man liya hai. nee kavita bharat ki jamin se prerana prapt nahin karati. isake viparit yah pashchim ki nakal se paida huee hai. bhavani prasad mishr ki kavitaen in sare aropon ko dhvast kar deti hain.


mishr ji gandhivadi hai.gandhi ki desh-bhakti mnjil nahin hai. gandhi ji ki desh-bhakti vishv ke jiv matr ke prati prem aur usaki seva karane ke lie unaki jivan yatra ka ek padav hai. unake vichar men kahin bhi lesh matr bhi nirasha ka bhav nahin hai. usamen asha, vishvas aur astha ki jyoti alokit hai. isi alok ke karan gandhi ji ne dakshin-aphrika aur bharat men jo jan-andolan chalae unhonne sampoorn samaj men nee jagriti, nee chetana aur naya snkalp bhar diya. unake jivan darshan se vishad, nirasha aur maran-dharmita nahin apitu isake sarvatha viparit nee asha, nee astha aur nee umng paida hoti hai. usase saty, ahinsa evn prem ki triveni pravahit hoti hai. (dekhen – prophesar mahavir saran jain : gandhi darshan ki prasngikata). bhavani prasad mishr ki kavitaen isi karan samaj men jo vipann hain, lachar hain, thake hue hain, dharashayi hain un sabako sahara dene ke lie prerit karati hain, unako uthane ke lie protsahit karati hain". unaki kavita ghareloo vishayon se lagakar adhyatmikata ke shikharon tak ka bhraman karati hai. unhen aihik sukh ki paravah n thi. ve kahate, 'sukh agar mere ghar men a jae to use baithayenge kahan?' svaraj ke bad ka bharat jis tarah mahatma gandhi ke dikhae marg se vichalit hua usase bhavani baboo ka hriday tis uthata. 1959 men likhi ek kavita men unhonne is tis pahunchane vali disha ki or ingit karate hue kaha tha-

pahale itane bure nahin the tum
yane isase adhik sahi the tum
kintu sabhi kuchh tumahi karoge is ichchha ne
athava aur kisi ichchha ne, asapas ke logon ne
ya roos-chin ke chakkar-takkar snyogon ne
tumhen desh ki pratibhaon se door kar diya
tumhen badi baton ka jyada moh ho gaya
chhoti baton se snpark kho gaya
dhunak-pinj kar, kat-bin kar
apani chadar khud n banaee
balki door se karz lekar mngaee
aur natija chacha-bhatija
donon ke kalapanatit hai
yah karje ki chadar jitana odho
utani kadi shit hai.[2]

bhavani baboo jis adhyatmik pith par asin the usane unhen kabhi nirasha men doobane nahin diya. jaise sat-sat bar maut se ve lade vaise hi azadi ke pahale gulami se lade aur azadi ke bad tanashahi se bhi lade.

samman aur puraskar

bhavani dada ki rachanaon men pathak se snvad karane ki kshamata hai. sanh 1972 men apaki kriti ‘buni huee rassi’ ke lie apako sahity akadami puraskar mila. isake atirikt any anek puraskaron ke sath-sath apane bharat sarakar ka padm shri alnkar bhi prapt kiya. 1981-82 men uttar pradesh hindi snsthan ke snsthan samman se sammanit hue aur 1983 men unhen madhy pradesh shasan ke shikhar samman se alnkrit kiya gaya.

nidhan

20 pharavari sanh 1985 ko hindi kavy-jagath ka yah anamol sitara apani kavitaon ki thati yahan chhod hamesha ke lie hamase bichhad gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bhavani prasad mishr (hindi) anubhooti. abhigaman tithi: 28 mee, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 desaee, narayan. gandhi giton ke gayak bhavaniprasad mishr (hindi) deshabndhu. abhigaman tithi: 22 faravari, 2013.

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