रामधारी सिंह 'दिनकर'  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ramadhari sinh 'dinakar'
Dinkar.jpg
poora nam ramadhari sinh dinakar
any nam dinakar
janm 23 sitnbar, 1908
janm bhoomi simariya, munger, bihar
mrityu 24 aprail, 1974
mrityu sthan chennee, tamilanadu
abhibhavak shri ravi sinh aur shrimati manaroop devi
sntan ek putr
karm bhoomi patana
karm-kshetr kavi, lekhak
mukhy rachanaen rashmirathi, urvashi, kurukshetr, snskriti ke char adhyay, parashuram ki pratiksha, hunkar, hahakar, chakravyooh, atmajayi, vajashrava ke bahane adi.
vishay kavita, khndakavy, nibndh, samiksha
bhasha hindi
vidyalay rashtriy midil skool, mokamaghat haee skool, patana vishvavidyalay
puraskar-upadhi 'bharatiy gyanapith puraskar', 'sahity akadami puraskar', 'padm bhooshan'
prasiddhi rashtrakavi
nagarikata bharatiy
hastakshar ramadhari sinh 'dinakar' ke hastakshar
any janakari varsh 1934 men bihar sarakar ke adhin inhonne 'sab-rajistrar' ka pad svikar kar liya aur lagabhag nau varshon tak vah is pad par rahe.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
ramadhari sinh 'dinakar' ki rachanaen

ramadhari sinh 'dinakar' (angrezi: Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, janm: 23 sitnbar, 1908, bihar; mrityu: 24 aprail, 1974, tamilanadu) hindi ke prasiddh lekhak, kavi evn nibndhakar the. 'rashtrakavi dinakar' adhunik yug ke shreshth vir ras ke kavi ke roop men sthapit hain. unako rashtriy bhavanaon se otaprot, krantipoorn sngharsh ki prerana dene vali ojasvi kavitaon ke karan asim lokapriyata mili. dinakar ji ne itihas, darshanashastr aur rajaniti vigyan ki padhaee patana vishvavidyalay se ki. sahity ke roop men unhonne snskrit, bangla, angrezi aur urdoo ka gahan adhyayan kiya tha.

jivan parichay

hindi ke suvikhyat kavi ramadhari sinh dinakar ka janm 23 sitnbar 1908 ee. men simariya, munger (bihar) men ek samany kisan 'ravi sinh' tatha unaki patni 'manaroop devi' ke putr ke roop men hua tha.[1] ramadhari sinh dinakar ek ojasvi rashtrabhakti se otaprot kavi ke roop men jane jate the. unaki kavitaon men chhayavadi yug ka prabhav hone ke karan shrringar ke bhi praman milate hain.[2] dinakar ke pita ek sadharan kisan the. dinakar do varsh ke the, jab unake pita ka dehavasan ho gaya. parinamat: dinakar aur unake bhaee-bahanon ka palan-poshan unaki vidhava mata ne kiya. dinakar ka bachapan aur kaishory dehat men bita, jahan door tak phaile kheton ki hariyali, banson ke jhuramut, amon ke bagiche aur kans ke vistar the. prakriti ki is sushama ka prabhav dinakar ke man men bas gaya, par shayad isilie vastavik jivan ki kathorataon ka bhi adhik gahara prabhav pada.

shiksha

snskrit ke ek pndit ke pas apani prarnbhik shiksha prarnbh karate hue dinakar ji ne ganv ke 'prathamik vidyalay' se prathamik shiksha prapt ki evn nikatavarti boro namak gram men 'rashtriy midil skool' jo sarakari shiksha vyavastha ke virodh men khola gaya tha, men pravesh prapt kiya. yahin se inake manomastishk men rashtriyata ki bhavana ka vikas hone laga tha. haee skool ki shiksha inhonne 'mokamaghat haee skool' se prapt ki. isi bich inaka vivah bhi ho chuka tha tatha ye ek putr ke pita bhi ban chuke the.[1] 1928 men maitrik ke bad dinakar ne patana vishvavidyalay se 1932 men itihas men bi. e. aaunars kiya.

ramadhari sinh 'dinakar'

patana vishvavidyalay se bi. e. aaunars karane ke bad agale hi varsh ek skool men yah 'pradhanadhyapak' niyukt hue, par 1934 men bihar sarakar ke adhin inhonne 'sab-rajistrar' ka pad svikar kar liya. lagabhag nau varshon tak vah is pad par rahe aur unaka samoocha karyakal bihar ke dehaton men bita tatha jivan ka jo pidit roop unhonne bachapan se dekha tha, usaka aur tikha roop unake man ko math gaya.

karyakshetr

1947 men desh svadhin hua aur vah bihar vishvavidyalay men hindi ke 'pradhyapak v vibhagadhyaksh' niyukt hokar muzaffarapur pahunche. 1952 men jab bharat ki pratham snsad ka nirman hua, to unhen rajyasabha ka sadasy chuna gaya aur vah dilli a ge. dinakar 12 varsh tak snsad-sadasy rahe, bad men unhen sanh 1964 se 1965 ee. tak 'bhagalapur vishvavidyalay' ka kulapati niyukt kiya gaya. lekin agale hi varsh bharat sarakar ne unhen 1965 se 1971 ee. tak apana 'hindi salahakar' niyukt kiya aur vah phir dilli laut ae. phir to jvar umara aur renuka, hunkar, rasavnti aur dvndagit rache ge. renuka aur hunkar ki kuchh rachanaain yahan-vahan prakash men aeen aur angrez prashasakon ko samajhate der n lagi ki ve ek galat adami ko apane tntr ka ang bana baithe hain aur dinakar ki fail taiyar hone lagi, bat-bat par qaifiyat talab hoti aur chetavaniyan mila karatin. 4 varsh men 22 bar unaka tabadala kiya gaya.

vishisht mahattv

dinakar ji ki pray: 50 kritiyan prakashit huee hain. hindi kavy chhayavad ka pratilom hai, yah kahana to shayad uchit nahin hoga par isamen sandeh nahin ki hindi kavy jagat par chhaye chhayavadi kuhase ko katane vali shaktiyon men dinakar ki pravahamayi, ojasvini kavita ke sthan ka vishisht mahattv hai. dinakar chhayavadottar kal ke kavi hain, at: chhayavad ki upalabdhiyan unhen virasat men milin par unake kavyotkarsh ka kal chhayavad ki rngabhari sandhya ka samay tha.

dvivedi yugin spashtata

kavita ke bhav chhayavad ke uttarakal ke nishprabh shobhadipon se saje-sajaye kaksh se oob chuke the, bahar ki mukt vayu aur prakritik prakash aur chahatetap ka snsparsh the. ve chhayavad ke kalpanajany nirvikar manav ke khokhalepan se parichit ho chuke the, us par ki duniya ke alabhy saundary ka yathesht svapn darshan kar chuke the, chamachamate pradesh men snvedana ki marichika ke pichhe daudate thak chuke the, us lakshanik aur asvabhik bhasha shaili se unaka ji bhar chuka tha, jo unhen bar-bar arth ki gaharaiyon ki jhalak si dikhakar chhal chuki thi. unhen apeksha thi bhasha men dvivedi yugin spashtata ki, par usaki shushkata ki nahin, vyakti aur parivesh ke vastavik snsparsh ki, sahajata aur shakti ki. 'bachchan' ki kavita men unhen vyakti ka snsparsh mila, dinakar ke kavy men unhen jivan samaj aur parichit parivesh ka snsparsh mila. dinakar ka samaj vyaktiyon ka samooh tha, keval ek rajanitik tathy nahin tha.

dvivedi yug aur chhayavad

arambh men dinakar ne chhayavadi rng men kuchh kavitaen likhin, par jaise-jaise ve apane svar se svayn parichit hote gaye, apani kavyanubhooti par hi apani kavita ko adharit karane ka atm vishvas unamen badhata gaya, vaise hi vaise unaki kavita chhayavad ke prabhav se mukti pati gayi par chhayavad se unhen jo kuchh virasat men mila tha, jise ve manonukool pakar apana chuke the, vah to unaka ho hi gaya.
phanishvaranath renu (sabase baen) ke sath ramadhari sinh 'dinakar' (bolate hue)
unaki kavyadhara jin do kulon ke bich men pravahit huee, unamen se ek chhayavad tha. bhoomi ka dhalan doosare kul ki or tha, par dhara ko age badhane men donon ka astitv apekshit aur anivary tha. dinakar apane ko dvivedi yugin aur chhayavadi kavy paddhatiyon ka varis manate the. unhin ke shabdon men "pant ke sapane hamare hath men akar utane vayaviy nahin rahe, jitane ki ve chhayavad kal men the," kintu dvivedi yugin abhivyakti ki shubhrata ham logon ke pas ate-jate kuchh rngin avashy ho gayi. abhivyakti ki svachchhandata ki nayi virasat hamen ap se ap prapt ho gayi.

atm parikshan

dinakar ne apane krititv ke vishay men ekadhik sthanon par vichar kiya hai. sambhavat: hindi ka koee kavi apane hi kavi karm ke vishay men dinakar se adhik chintan v alochana n karata hoga. vah dinakar ki atmarati ka nahin, apane kavi karm ke prati unake dayitv ke bodh ka praman hai ki ve samay-samay par is prakar atm parikshan karate rahe. isi karan adhikatar apane bare men jo kahate the, vah sahi hota tha. unaki kavita pray: chhayavad ki apeksha dvivedi yugin spashtata, prasad gun ke prati astha aur moh, atit ke prati adar pradarshan ki pravritti, anek binduon par dinakar ki kavita dvivedi yugin kavyadhara ka adhunik ojasvi, pragatishil snskaran jan padati hai. unaka svar bhale hi sarvada, sarvatha 'hunkar' n ban pata ho, 'gunjan' to kabhi bhi nahin banata.

samajik chetana ke charan

ve ahindibhashi janata men bhi bahut lokapriy the kyonki unaka hindi prem doosaron ki apani matribhasha ke prati shraddha aur prem ka virodhi nahin, balki prerak tha. -hazari prasad dvivedi
dinakar ji ne shramasadhy jivan jiya. unaki sahity sadhana apoorv thi. kuchh samay pahale mujhe ek sajjan ne kalakatta se patr likha ki dinakar ko gyanapith puraskar milana kitana upayukt hai ? mainne unhen uttar men likha tha ki yadi char gyanapith puraskar unhen milate, to unaka samman hota- gady, pady, bhashanon aur hindi prachar ke lie. -harivnsharay bachchan
unaki rashtriyata chetana aur vyapakata sanskritik drishti, unaki vani ka oj aur kavyabhasha ke tattvon par bal, unaka sattvik moolyon ka agrah unhen paramparik riti se jode rakhata hai. -agyey
hamare kranti-yug ka sampoorn pratinidhitv kavita men is samay dinakar kar raha hai. krantivadi ko jin-jin hriday-mnthanon se gujarana hota hai, dinakar ki kavita unaki sachchi tasvir rakhati hai. -ramavriksh benipuri
dinakar ji sachamuch hi apane samay ke soory ki tarah tape. mainne svayn us soory ka madhyahn bhi dekha hai aur astachal bhi. ve saundary ke upasak aur prem ke pujari bhi the. unhonne ‘snskriti ke char adhyay’ namak vishal granth likha hai, jise pn. javahar lal neharoo ne usaki bhoomika likhakar gauravanvit kiya tha. dinakar bisavin shatabdi ke madhy ki ek tejasvi vibhooti the. -namavar sinh[3]

dinakar ka nam pragativadi kaviyon men liya jata tha, par ab shayad samyavadi vicharak unhen us vishisht pnkti men sthan dene ke lie taiyar n hon, kyonki aj ka dinakar "arun vishv ki kali jay ho! lal sitaron vali jay ho"? ke lekhak se bahut door jan padata hai. jo bhi ho, samyavadi vicharak aj ke dinakar ko kisi bhi pnkti men kyon n sthan dena chahe, isase inkar kiya hi nahin ja sakata ki jaise bachchan moolat: ekant vyaktivadi kavi hain, vaise hi dinakar moolat: samajik chetana ke charan hain.

ramadhari sinh dinakar

sahityik jivan

unake kavi jivan ka arambh 1935 se hua, jab chhayavad ke kuhase ko chirati huee 'renuka' prakashit huee aur hindi jagat ek bilkul nee shaili, nee shakti, nee bhasha ki goonj se bhar utha. tin varsh bad jab 'hunkar' prakashit huee, to desh ke yuva varg ne kavi aur usaki ojamayi kavitaon ko knthahar bana liya. sabhi ke lie vah ab rashtriyata, vidroh aur kranti ke kavi the. 'kurukshetr' dvitiy mahayuddh ke samay ki rachana hai, kintu usaki mool prerana yuddh nahin, deshabhakt yuva manas ke hinsa-ahinsa ke dvnd se upaji thi.

atm mnthan ke yug ki rachanaen

dinakar ke pratham tin kavy-sngrah pramukh hain– 'renuka' (1935 ee.), 'hunkar' (1938 ee.) aur 'rasavanti' (1939 ee.) unake arambhik atm mnthan ke yug ki rachanaen hain. inamen dinakar ka kavi apane vyakti parak, saundaryanveshi man aur samajik chetana se uttam buddhi ke paraspar sngharsh ka tatasth drashta nahin, donon ke bich se koee rah nikalane ki cheshta men snlagn sadhak ke roop men milata hai.

renuka

renuka men atit ke gaurav ke prati kavi ka sahaj adar aur akarshan parilakshit hota hai. par sath hi vartaman parivesh ki nirasata se trast man ki vedana ka parichay bhi milata hai.

hunkar

hunkar men kavi atit ke gaurav-gan ki apeksha vartaman daity ke prati akrosh pradarshan ki or adhik unmukh jan padata hai.

rasavanti

rasavanti men kavi ki saundaryanveshi vritti kavyamayi ho jati hai par yah andhere men dhyey saundary ka anveshan nahin, ujale men gyey saundary ka aradhan hai.

samadheni (1947 ee.)

samadheni men dinakar ki samajik chetana svadesh aur parichit parivesh ki paridhi se badhakar vishv vedana ka anubhav karati jan padati hai. kavi ke svar ka oj naye veg se naye shikhar tak pahunch jata hai.
1955 men 'nilakusum' dinakar ke kavy men ek mod banakar aya. yahan vah kavyatmak prayogashilata ke prati asthavan hai. svayn prayogashil kaviyon ko ajamal pahanane aur rah par phool bichhane ki akanksha use vihval kar deti hai. navinatam kavyadhara se sambandh sthapit karane ki kavi ki ichchha to spasht ho jati hai, par usaka krititv sath deta nahin jan padata hai. abhi tak unaka kavy avesh ka kavy tha, nilakusum ne niyntran aur gaharaiyon men paithane ki pravritti ki soochana di. 6 varsh bad urvashi prakashit huee, hindi sahity snsar men ek or usaki katu alochana aur doosari or muktaknth se prashnsa huee. dhire-dhire sthiti samany huee is kavy-natak ko dinakar ki 'kavi-pratibha ka chamatkar' mana gaya. kavi ne is vaidik mithak ke madhyam se devata v manushy, svarg v prithvi, apsara v lakshmi aur adhyatm ke snbndhon ka adbhut vishleshan kiya hai.

kavy rachana

in muktak kavy sngrahon ke atirikt dinakar ne anek prabandh kavyon ki rachana bhi ki hai, jinamen 'kurukshetr' (1946 ee.), 'rashmirathi' (1952 ee.) tatha 'urvashi' (1961 ee.) pramukh hain. 'kurukshetr' men mahabharat ke shanti parv ke mool kathanak ka dhancha lekar dinakar ne yuddh aur shanti ke vishad, gambhir aur mahattvapoorn vishay par apane vichar bhishm aur yudhishthar ke snlap ke roop men prastut kiye hain. dinakar ke kavy men vichar tattv is tarah ubharakar samane pahale kabhi nahin aya tha. 'kurukshetr' ke bad unake navinatam kavy 'urvashi' men phir hamen vichar tattv ki pradhanata milati hai. sahasapoorvak gandhivadi ahinsa ki alochana karane vale 'kurukshetr' ka hindi jagat men yathesht adar hua. 'urvashi' jise kavi ne svayn 'kamadhyay' ki upadhi pradan ki hai– ’dinakar’ ki kavita ko ek naye shikhar par pahuncha diya hai. bhale hi sarvochch shikhar n ho, dinakar ke kritittv ki girishreni ka ek sarvatha navin shikhar to hai hi. dinakar ne anek pustakon ka sampadan bhi kiya hai, jinamen 'anugrah abhinandan granth' vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hain.

ramadhari sinh 'dinakar'

re rok yudhishthar ko n yahan,
jane de unako svarg dhir par phira hamen gandiv gada,
lauta de arjun bhim vir - (himalay se)

kshama shobhati us bhujng ko jisake pas garal ho,
usako kya jo dntahin vishahin vinit saral ho - (kurukshetr se)

maitri ki rah batane ko, sabako sumarg par lane ko,
duryodhan ko samajhane ko, bhishan vidhvns bachane ko,
bhagavan hastinapur aye, pandav ka sndesha laye. - (rashmirathi se) .....aur padhe

dinakar ki shaili

dinakar adhunik kaviyon ki pratham pnkti men baithane ke adhikari hain, is par do ray nahin ho sakati. unaki kavita men vichar tattv ki kami nahin hai, yadi abhav hai to vichar tattv ke prachury ke anuroop gaharaee ka. unake vyaktitv ki chhap unaki pratyek pnkti par hai, par kahin-kahin bhavak ko vyaktitv ki jagah vaktritv hi mil pata hai. dinakar ki shaili men prasadagun yathesht hain, pravah hai, oj hai, anubhooti ki tivrata hai, sachchi snvedana hai. yadi kami khatakati hai to taralata ki, ghulavat ki. par yah kami kam hi khatakati hai, kyonki dinakar ne pragit kam likhe hain. inaki adhikansh rachanaon men kavy ki shaili rachana ke vishay aur 'mood' ke anuroop hain. unake chintan men vistar adhik aur gaharaee kam hai, par unake vichar unake apane hi vichar hain. unaki kavyanubhooti ke avichchhedy ang hain, yah spasht hai. yah dinakar ki kavita ka vishisht gun hai ki jahan usamen abhivyakti ki tivrata hai, vahin usake sath hi chintan-manan ki pravritti bhi spasht dikhati hai.

jivan-darshan

unaka jivan-darshan unaka apana jivan-darshan hai, unaki apani anubhooti se anupranit, unake apane vivek se anumodit parinamat: nirantar parivartanashil hai. dinakar pragativadi, janavadi, manavavadi adi rahe hain aur aj bhi hain, par 'rasavanti' ki bhoomika men yah kahane men unhen snkoch nahin hua ki "pragati shabd men jo naya arth thoonsa gaya hai, usake phalasvaroop hal aur phavade kavita ka sarvochch vishay siddh kiye ja rahe hain aur vatavaran aisa banata ja raha hai ki jivan ki gaharaiyon men utarane vale kavi sir uthakar nahin chal saken."
harivnsharay bachchan, sumitranndan pnt aur ramadhari sinh 'dinakar'
gandhivadi aur ahinsa ke hami hote hue bhi 'kurukshetr' men vah kahate nahin hichake ki kaun keval atmabal se joojhakar, jit sakata deh ka sngram hai, pashavikata khadg jo leti utha, atmabal ka ek vash chalata nahin. yogiyon ki shakti se snsar men, harata lekin nahin samuday hai.

bal-sahity

jo kavi samajik uttaradayitv ke prati sachet hain tatha jo apane lakshy ke prati samarpit hain, pratibaddh hain, ve bal-sahity likhane ke lie bhi avakash nikal lete hain. vishv-kavi ravindranath thakur jaise atal-sparshi rahasyavadi mahakavi ne kitana bal-sahity likha hai, yah sarvavidit hai. atah dinakar ji ki lekhani ne yadi bal-sahity likha hai to vah unake mahattv ko badhata hi hai. bal-kavy vishayak unaki do pustikaen prakashit huee hain —‘mirch ka maja’ aur ‘sooraj ka byah’. ‘mirch ka maja’ men sat kavitaen aur ‘sooraj ka byah’ men nau kavitaen snkalit hain. 'mirch ka maja' men ek moorkh qabulivale ka varnan hai, jo apane jivan men pahali bar mirch dekhata hai. mirch ko vah koee phal samajh jata hai-

socha, kya achchhe dane hain, khane se bal hoga,
yah zaroor is mausam ka koee mitha phal hoga.

'sooraj ka byah' men ek vriddh machhali ka kathan paryapt tark-sngat hai.

ramadhari sinh dinakar stamp

samajik chetana

dinakar ki pragatishilata samyavadi lig par chalane ki prakriya ka sahityik nam nahin hai, ek aisi samajik chetana ka parinam hai, jo moolat: bharatiy hai aur rashtriy bhavana se parichalit hai. unhonne rajanitik manyataon ko rajanitik manyataen hone ke karan apane kavy ka vishay nahin banaya, n kabhi rajanitik lakshy siddhi ko kavy ka uddeshy mana, par unhonne ni:snkoch rajanitik vishayon ko uthaya hai aur unaka pratipadan kiya hai, kyonki ve kavyanubhooti ki vyapakata svikar karate hain. rajanitik dayitvon, manyataon aur nitiyon ka bodh sahaj hi unaki kavyanubhooti ke bhitar sama jata hai.

ojasvi-tejasvi svaroop

alauddin khilazi ne jab chittaud par kabza kar liya, tab rana ajay sinh apane bhatije hammir aur beton ko lekar aravali pahad par kailavara ke qile men rahane lage. raja munj ne vahin unaka apaman kiya tha, jisaka badala hammir ne chukaya. us samay hammir ki umr sirf gyarah sal ki thi. age chalakar hammir bahut bada yoddha nikala aur usake hath ke bare men yah kahavat chal padi ki 'tiriya tel hamir hath chadhai n dooji bar.’ is rachana men dinakar ji ka ojasvi-tejasvi svaroop jhalaka hai. [4] kyonki is kavita ki vishay-samagri unaki ruchi ke anuroop thi. balak hammir kavita rashtriy gaurav se paripoorn rachana hai. is kavita ki nimnalikhit pnktiyan pathak ke man men goonjati rahati hain-

dhan hai tan ka mail, pasine ka jaise ho pani,
ek an ko hi jite hain ijjat ke abhimani.

prakashit rachanaen

gady kritiyan

dinakar ki gady kritiyon men mukhy hain– unaka virat granth 'snskriti ke char adhyay' (1956 ee.), jisamen unhonne pradhanataya shodh aur anushilan ke adhar par manav sabhyata ke itihas ko char mnjilon men bantakar adhyayan kiya hai. granth sahity akadami ke puraskar dvara sammanit hua aur hindi jagat men sadar svikrit hua. usake atirikt dinakar ke sphut, amikshatmak tatha vividh nibandhon ke sngrah hain, jo pathaniy hain, visheshat: is karan ki unase dinakar ke kavitv ko samajhane-parakhane men yathesht sahayata milati hai. bhasha ki bhoolon ke bavazood shaili ki pranjalata dinakar ke gady ko akarshit bana deti hai. dinakar ki prasiddh alochanatmak kritiyan hain– 'mitti ki or' (1946 ee.), 'kavy ki bhoomika' (1958 ee.), 'pnt, prasad aur maithilisharan' (1958 ee.), hamari sanskritik kahani (1955), 'shuddh kavita ki khoj' (1966 ee.)

puraskar

rashtrapati rajendr prasad ko 'snskriti ke char adhyay' ki prati bhent karate hue kavivar 'dinakar'

dinakar ji ko sarakar ke virodhi roop ke liye bhi jana jata hai, bharat sarakar dvara unh‍hen padm bhooshan se anlakrit kiya gaya. inaki gady ki prasiddh push‍tak 'snskriti ke char adhyay' ke liye sahity akadami tatha urvashi ke liye gyanapith puraskar diya gaya.[2] dinakar ko kurukshetr ke lie ilahabad ki sahityakar snsad dvara puraskrit (1948) kiya gaya.

ramadhari sinh dinakar

nidhan

dinakar apane yug ke pramukhatam kavi hi nahin, ek saphal aur prabhavapoorn gady lekhak bhi the. saral bhasha aur pranjal shaili men unhonne vibhinn sahityik vishayon par nibndh ke alava bodhakatha, dayari, snsmaran tatha darshan v itihasagat tathyon ke vivechan bhi likhe. 24 apral, 1974 ko dinakar ji apane apako apani kavitaon men hamare bich jivit rakhakar sada ke liye amar ho gaye.[2] vibhinh‍n sarakari sevaon men hone ke bavazood dinakar ji ke andar ugr roop prath‍yaksh dekha ja sakata tha. shayad us samay ki vh‍yavash‍tha ke nazadik hone ke karan bharat ki tatkalin dard ke samaksh rahe the. tabhi ve kahate hain–

sadiyon ki thndhi-bujhi rakh sugabuga uthi,
mitti sone ka taj pahan ithalati hai,
do rah, samay ke rath ka gharghar-nad suno,
sinhasan khali karo ki janata ati hai.

26 janavari sanh 1950 ee. ko likhi gee ye pnktiyan azadi ke bad ganatntr banane ke dard ko batati hai ki ham azad to ho gaye, kinh‍tu vh‍yavash‍tha nahin badali. neharoo ji ki nitiyon ke prakhar virodhi ke roop men bhi inh‍hen jana jata hai tatha kee mayanon men dinakar gandhi ji se bhi apani asahamati jatate dikhe hain, parashuram ki pratiksha isaka prath‍yaksh udaharan hai. yahi karan hai ki aj desh men dinakar ka nam ek kavi ke roop men nahin balki janakavi ke roop men jana jata hai.[2] 30 sitambar, 1987 ko unaki 13vin punyatithi par tatkalin rashtrapati jail sinh ne unhen shraddhanjali di. 1999 men bharat sarakar ne unaki smriti men dak tikat jari kiya. kendriy soochana aur prasaran mantri priyarnjan das munshi ne unaki janm shatabdi ke avasar par 'ramadhari sinh dinakar- vyaktitv aur krititv' pustak ka vimochan kiya tha.

dinakar ji ka dalan

dinakar ji ka dalan, begoosaray zila, bihar

rashtrakavi ramadhari sinh dinakar ka dalan bihar ke begoosaray zile men sthit hai. jirn-shirn ho chuka hai yah dalan jirnoddhar ke lie ab bhi shasan-prashasan ki rah dekh raha hai. kuchhek varsh pahale isake jirnoddhar ko lekar sugabugahat shuroo huee thi, parntu vah bhi ab thndi pad chuki hai. aise men yah 'dharohar' kabhi bhi 'zamindoj' ho sakati hai. kaha jata hai dinakar ji ne pathan-pathan ko lekar bade hi shauq se yah dalan banavaya tha. ve patana athava dilli se jab bhi ganv ate the, to is jagah unaki 'baithaki' jamati thi. yahan par ve apani rachanaen bal sakha, sage-snbndhi, parijan-purajan v graminon ko sunate the. phursat men likhane-pathane ka kary bhi karate the. varsh 2009-10 men mukhyamntri vikas yojana se isake jirnoddhar ke lie panch lakh rupaye aye, parntu takaniki karanon se vah vapas chale ge. yuva samikshak v rashtrakavi dinakar smriti vikas samiti, simariya ke sachiv muchakund monoo kahate hain, ukt dalan ki upeksha dukhi karata hai. kahin se bhi to pahal ho. ab to yah nasht hone ke kagar par pahunch chuka hai. jabaki, janakavi dinanath sumitr ka kahana hai ki dinakar ji ka dalan rashtr ka dalan hai. yah hindi ka dalan hai. unake parijanon ko yah samaj-sarakar ko saunp dena chahie. udhar dinakar ji ke putr kedar sinh kahate hain ki 'pitaji ne hamare chachere bhaee adity narayan sinh ke vivah ke avasar par ise banaya tha. isake jirnoddhar ko lekar panch lakh rupaye aye the, yah hamari notis men nahin hai. yah ab mere bhatije aravind baboo ki dekharekh men hai.'[5]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 rashtrakavi ramadhari sinh "dinakar" (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) hindi ke chirag. abhigaman tithi: 11 sitnbar, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 ramadhari sinh "dinakar" ki jayanti par vishesh (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) mahashakti samooh. abhigaman tithi: 11 sitnbar, 2010.
  3. sapanon ka dhuan (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 23 sitambar, 2013.
  4. ramadhari sinh dinakar ka bal-kavy (hindi) (ech ti em) abhivyakti. abhigaman tithi: 11 sitnbar, 2010.
  5. jirn-shirn ho chuka hai dinakar ji ka dalan (hindi) jagaran daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 18 julaee, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

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