बच्चन सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bachchan sinh
bachchan sinh
poora nam bachchan sinh
janm 2 julaee, 1919
janm bhoomi jaunapur, uttar pradesh
mrityu 5 aprail, 2008
mrityu sthan varanasi, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak pita- shri purushottam sinh
mukhy rachanaen 'alochak aur alochana' bachchan sinh ji ki ati mahatvapoorn pustak mani jati hai.
bhasha hindi
vidyalay uday pratap kaaulej tatha kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay, varanasi se shiksha prapt ki.
prasiddhi lekhak, sahityakar
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh katha sahity , sahity, ramachandr shukl, bhasha, bharatendu
pad profesar bachchan sinh 'himachal vishvavidyalay' ke kulapati aur je.en.yoo. ke atithi profesar rahe the.
any janakari bachchan sinh ne ritikal se lekar nayi kavita tak aur bharatiy sahity siddhant se lekar pashchaty sahity chintan tak anek vishayon, dharaon aur kritiyon ka vivechan kiya hai.

bachchan sinh (janm- 2 julaee, 1919 ee. jaunapur, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 5 aprail, 2008 varanasi, uttar pradesh) hindi sahityakar, alochak evn itihasakar the. profesar bachchan sinh 'himachal vishvavidyalay' ke kulapati aur je.en.yoo. ke atithi profesar rahe the.[1] bachchan ji ne ritikal se lekar nayi kavita tak aur bharatiy sahity siddhant se lekar pashchaty sahity chintan tak anek vishayon, dharaon aur kritiyon ka vivechan kiya hai.

parichay

bachchan sinh ka janm jaunapur jila (uttar pradesh) kerakat, tahasil gram bhadavar (bhadrasenapur) men ashadh shukl 5 snvat 1976 ko hua tha. inake pita shri purushottam sinh apane kshetr ke kulin aur sampann vyakti the. krishak parivar aur jamindari ke bich vikasit vyaktitv men sahajata ke tattv ke prati ek lagav hai. prarnbhik shiksha jaunapur men sampann karake bachchan ji banaras a gaye jahan se inhonne uchchatam shiksha poori ki. adhyayan ke samay men hi 'log jivan' aur log sahity ke prati pragadh ruchi ke sath-sath sahity ke prati jigyasa ka bhav bhi vyaktitv men nirntar rasata raha hai. banaras ki vibhinn sahityik goshtiyon aur nagari pracharini sabha ke sath inaka lagav atynt mahattvapoorn tha. 'hindoo intaramidiet kalej' banaras men adhyapan karate samay bhi banaras se nikalane vale 'samaj' 'janavani' aur 'aj' men bachchan ji barabar likhate rahe. us samay ke lekhon men ek shatishilata ka abhas likhata milata hai. isake bad ap vahin se banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay men a gaye vahan ridar hone ke kafi arase bad himalay pradesh vishvavidyalay shimala men hindi vibhag ke prophesar aur adhyaksh hokar chale gaye aur vahin se avakash grahan kiya. bachchan ji ke vyaktitv men navinata aur prachinata ke gatyatmak shakti ki pahachan karane ki kshamata hai. ritikal se lekar nayi kavita tak aur bharatiy sahity siddhant se lekar pashchaty sahity chintan tak anek vishayon, dharaon aur kritiyon ka vivechan kiya hai. isase lagata hai ki unake vyaktitv men samanukoolata aur gatyatmakata hai.

kritiyan

  • kantikari kavi nirala (147-48 ee.)
  • ritikalin kaviyon ki premavynjana' (1958 ee.),
  • hindi natak' (1958 ee.),
  • bihari ka naya moolyankan' (1960 ee.),
  • alochak aur alochana' (1970 ee.),
  • samakalin sahity alochan ko chunauti
  • hindi alochana ke bij-shabd (1985)

rachanatmak drishti

'kantikari kavi nirala' nirala ji ke kavy par pahali pustak hote huye bhi rachanatmak drishti ki samabhr ka praman prastut karati hai. nirala ki 'ram ki shakti pooja', 'kukuramutta' adi kavitaon ka rachanatmak drishti se moolyankan karate hue lekhak ne aitihasik samiksha paddhati ka bhi ashray liya hai. kritiva ramayan ka prabhav svikar karate huye lekhak ne prabhav aur srijan ka antarik sambandh pray: vyakt nahin kiya hai, parntu kavita ka moolyankan aur usaki snvedanagat gaharaee tattvadarshi drishti se vivechit hai. vyngakavitaon men anubhooti ke vistar ke prati snket bhi hai. 'kukuramutta' ko bhamyavadi agrahon se mukt karake lekhak ne use yatharth ke dard ke roop men, vyavastha aur tathakathit vidrohi donon par vyngy ke roop men vyakhyayit kiya hai. kavy ki samajh ke lie usake snrachanatmak ghatakon ka upayog aur ek gestalt ke roop men niyojan karake anubhooti aur snrachana ki samatulit sthanon ki snbhavyata ki khoj yahan bachchan ji ka dhyey pratit hota hai. 'ritikalin' se sambandh 'ritikalin kaviyon ki premavynjana' aur 'bihari ka naya moolyankan' men bhi is drishti ka praman hai. pashchaty aur bharatiy kavyashastr ke madhyam se unhonne apani svatntr drishti ka vikas kiya hai aur yahe karan hai ki in donon pustakon men ve srijan aur shilp men bhed kar sake hain. ritikalin kaviyon ki pariveshagat anubhoomi, samntiy vatavaran aur kavy sambandhi drishti ko kam sambandhi manovikaron aur jivan drishtiyon ke vivechana ke sndarbh men samajhate hue apane ritikal ke prati ek sahi drishti ka parichay diya hai. isamen bahy upakaranon ko bhoomika ke roop men prastut karake tisare, chauthe aur sataven adhyayon men kavy ke madhyam se ritikaviyon ki anubhooti ki samashtigat vyakhya ki gee hai. 'bihari ka naya moolyankan' men ti. em. iliyat ityadi ka uddharan prastut karate hue lekhak ne bihari ko samnti kavi to svikar kiya hai parntu darabari nahin.

alochak aur alochana

saiddhantik samiksha ki drishti se 'alochak aur alochana' ek mahattvapoorn pustak hai. isamen lekhak ne pashchaty alochana aur bharatiy kavyadrishti ka siddhant aur sampraday ki drishti se moolyakan kiya hai. ve manate hain ki aj ki alochana ke lie sabase zaroori hai adhunik manaviy sthiti ke sndarbh men bhashik snrachana ka vishleshan ya pravartan n karake is prakar siddhant ki bhoomika prastut ki hee hai. pleto, arastoo, lanjainas, ti. es. iliyat, yung adi pashchaty vidvanon ke maton ka unhonne n keval vivechana prastut kiya hai parntu unaki samiksha bhi ki gee hai. ek mat ke madhyam se moolyankit karane ke sath hi sath apani vyakhya bhi prastut karate hain. moolyabodh ko tanav se jodakar bimb aur anubhoomi ki samikrit avastha se oopar uth jana unaki drishti men mahattvapoorn hai. bachchan ji ka vichar hai ki "naye alochak ka kary snrachana aur moolyabodh ko snshlesh men dekhana hai" alochak aur alochana.[2] ve kavy aur upanyas ki rachanatmak parikalpana men moolabhoot antar svikar karate hue donon ki alochana paddhatiyon ko bhinn manate hain. kavita aur katha ke bhinn tekashchar ki or snket karate hue yah svikar karate hain ki vastavikata aur vailakshany ka tanav katha sahity ki visheshata hai jise moolyabodh se joda ja sakata hai. bharatiy sahity siddhanton ki aitihasik vyakhya ke atirikt vakrokti ityadi ki snrachanatmak drishti ka snket karate hue unhonne nagendr aur shukl ji ki mahattvapoorn upalabdhi ka snket kiya hai, chahe yah bhoomika ke roop men ho. 'hindi natak men rngamnchiy drishti ke vivechan ki apeksha arthaprakritiyon ityadi ka vivechan hai.' bharatendu se lekar bhuneshvar tak ki parikalpana ka badalav aur yatharth ke prati viveki parntu agrahi drishti ka snket bhi unhonne kiya hai. yadyapi bhuvaneshvar ke 'karavan' ke moolyankan se pratit hota hai ki unake manas men angrezi sahity drishti ka prabhav adhik hai.

samikshadrishti

bachchan sinh ki samikshadrishti gahan adhyayan manan ke karan nirmal hai. 'shukl ji ki parampara ke ve alochana hain. samakalin alochana ki chunauti' men 'godan', 'jhootha-sach', 'nadi ke dvip' adi ka vivechana unaki gahari antardrishti aur sahityik samajh ka praman hai. ve 'rachana' ko kendr manakar alochana ke vritt ka nirman karate hain aur phir vritt ki paridhi se part dar part kendr ki or prasthan. kavy ki apeksha unaki katha sahity ki alochana adhik mahattvapoorn rachanatmak hai.

nidhan

bachchan sinh ka nidhan 5 aprail, 2008 ko varanasi, uttar pradesh men hua tha.[3]

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kashi ke sahityakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 23 janavari, 2014.
  2. pri-82
  3. hindi sahity kosh bhag-2 |lekhak: daau. dhirendr varma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 365 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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