शरत चंद्र चट्टोपाध्याय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sharat chndr chattopadhyay
Sarat-Chandra-Chattopadhyay.jpg
poora nam sharat chndr chattopadhyay
janm 15 sitambar sanh 1876 ee.
janm bhoomi devanndapur, pashchim bngal
mrityu 16 janavari sanh 1938 ee.
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity
mukhy rachanaen 'devadas', 'charitrahin', 'shrikant', 'darpachoorn', 'pndit moshay' adi.
vishay samajik
bhasha hindi, bangla
prasiddhi bangla upanyasakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sharatachndr ke kuchh upanyason par adharit hindi filmen bhi kee bar bani hain. 1974 men inake upanyas 'charitrahin' par adharit film bani thi. usake bad devadas ko adhar banakar devadas film ka nirman tin bar ho chuka hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

sharat chndr chattopadhyay (angrezi: Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, janm: 15 sitambar, sanh 1876; mrityu: 16 janavari, sanh 1938) bangla ke amar kathashilpi aur suprasiddh upanyasakar the. inaka janm 15 sitambar sanh 1876 ee. ko hugali zile ke ek devanndapur ganv men hua tha. sharatachndr apane mata-pita ki nau sntanon men ek the. sharatachndr ne aththarah sal ki umr men barahavin pas ki thi. sharatachndr ne inhin dinon 'basa' (ghar) nam se ek upanyas likh dala, par yah rachana prakashit nahin huee.[1] kaaulej ki padhaee ko bich men hi chhodakar ve tis rupe masik ke klark hokar barma (vartaman myanmar) pahunch ge. sharat chndr chattopadhyay ki katha-sahity ki prastuti jis roop-svaroop men huee, lokapriyata ke tattv ne unake pathakiy asvad men vriddhi hi ki hai. sharat chndr chattopadhyay akele aise bharatiy kathakar bhi hain, jinaki adhikansh kalajayi kritiyon par filmen banin tatha anek dharavahik siriyal bhi bane. inaki kritiyan devadas, charitrahin aur shrikant ke sath to yah bar-bar ghatit hua hai.

sahityik parichay

sharat chndr chattopadhyay yatharthavad ko lekar sahity kshetr men utare the. yah lagabhag bngala sahity men nee chiz thi. sharat chndr chattopadhyay ne apane lokapriy upanyason evn kahaniyon men samajik roodhiyon par prahar kiya tha, piti-pitaee lik se hatakar sochane ko badhy kiya tha.

pratibha

sharatachndr ki pratibha upanyason ke sath-sath unaki kahaniyon men bhi dekhane yogy hai. unaki kahaniyon men bhi upanyason ki tarah madhyavargiy samaj ka yatharth chitr ankit hai. sharatachndr prem kushal ke chitere the. sharatachndr ki kahaniyon men prem evn stri-purush snbndhon ka sashakt chitran hua hai. inaki kuchh kahaniyan kala ki drishti se bahut hi marmik hain. ye kahaniyan sharat ke hriday ki sampoorn bhavanaon ka pratinidhitv karati hain. unhonne kahaniyan apane balapan ke snsmaran se aur apane snpark men aye mitr v any jan ke jivan se uthaee hain. ye kahaniyan jaise hamare jivan ka ek hissa hai aisa pratit hota hai.

mahatma gandhi ka kathan

mahatma gandhi ne kaha tha- "pap se ghrina karo, papi se nahin." vishvavikhyat bangla kathashilpi sharat chndr chattopadhyay ne gandhi ji ke uparokt kathan ko apane sahity men utara tha. unhonne patita, kulata, pidit dahabi-kuchali aur pratadit nari ki pida ko apani rachanaon men svar diya.[2]

hriday ke sachche parakhi

sharatachndr ke man men nariyon ke prati bahut samman tha ve nari hriday ke sachche parakhi the. unaki kahaniyon men stri ke rahasyamay charitr, usaki komal bhavanaon, damit ichchhaon, apoorn ashaon, atript akankshaon, usake chhote-chhote sapanon, chhoti-badi man ki ulajhanon aur usaki mahattvakankshaon ka jaisa sookshm, sachcha aur manovaigyanik chitran-vishleshan hua hai, vah anyatr durlabh hai.[2]

sampoorn sahity

sharatachndr ka sampoorn sahity nari ke utthan se patan aur patan se utthan ki karun kathaon se bhara pada hai. sharatachndr apani kahaniyon men keval pidit-pratadit nari ki patanagatha nahin gate, sirf usake patita aur kulata ho jane ki katha nahin kahate, usake sneh, tyag, balidan mamata aur prem ki pavan-katha bhi sunate hain. sharatachndr ki kahaniyon men nari ke nichatam aur mahanatam donon roopon ke ek sath darshan hote hain. jab sharatachndr nari ke adhopatan ki katha kahate-kahate usi nari ke udatt aur ujjval charitr ko udghatit karate hain, to pathak sann rah jata hai. usane man men yah prashn kahin gahare ghar kar jata hai ki ek hi stri ke do roop kaise ho sakate hain aur vah yah nahin samajh pata ki akhir vah nari ke kis roop ko svikar kare. sharatachndr apani kahaniyon men nari hriday ki ganthon aur gutthiyon ko jis kushalata se kholate hain, unaki rachanaon men nari ka jo bahuroop samane ata hai, vaisi jhalak vishv-sahity men kahin nahin milati.[2]

kritiyan

sharatachndr ne anek upanyas likhe hain jinamen pndit moshay, baikunther bil, mej didi, darpachoorn, abhagini ka svarg, shrikant, arakshaniya, nishkriti, mamalar phal, anupama ka prem, grihadah, shesh prashn, datta, devadas, brahman ki ladaki, sati, vipradas, dena pavana adi pramukh hain. inhonne bngal ke krantikari andolan ko lekar 'pather davi' upanyas likha tha. kee bharatiy bhashaon men sharat ke upanyason ke anuvad hue hain. sharatachndr ke kuchh upanyason par adharit hindi filmen bhi kee bar bani hain. 1974 men inake upanyas 'charitrahin' par adharit film bani thi. usake bad devadas ko adhar banakar devadas film ka nirman tin bar ho chuka hai. pahali devadas (1936) kundan lal sahagal dvara abhinit, doosari devadas (1955) dilip kumar, vaijayanti mala dvara abhinit tatha tisari devadas (2002) shaharukh khan, madhuri dikshit, aishvarya ray dvara abhinit hai. isake atirikt 1974 men charitrahin, parinita 1953 aur 2005 men bhi bani thi, badi didi (1969) tatha mnjhali bahan, adi par bhi chalachitron ke nirman hue hain.

rachanatmak hastakshep

sharatachndr baboo ne manushy ko apane vipul lekhan ke madhyam se usaki maryada saunpi aur samaj ki un tathakathit paramparaon ko dhvast kiya, jinake antargat nari ki ankhen anichchhit ansuon se hamesha chhalachhalaee rahati hain. sharat baboo ne samaj dvara anasuni rah gee vnchiton ki vilakh-chikh aur artanad ko parakha aur yah jana ki jati, vnsh aur dharm adi ke nam par ek bade varg ko manushy ki shreni se hi apadasth kiya ja raha hai. unhonne apane lekhan ke madhyam se is shadyantr ke antargat panap rahi tathakathit samajik 'am sahamati' par rachanatmak hastakshep kiya, jisake chalate vah lakhon karodon pathakon ke chahete shabdakar bane. nari aur any shoshit samajon ke dhoosar jivan ka unhonne chitran hi nahin kiya, balki unake am jivan men achchhadit indadhanushi rngon ki chhata bhi bikheri thi. sharat ka prem ko adhyatmikata tak le jane men viral yogadan hai. sharat-sahity am adami ke jivan ko jivnt karane men sahayak jadi-booti siddh hua hai.[3]

mrityu

prasiddh upanyasakar sharat chndr chattopadhyay ki mrityu 16 janavari sanh 1938 ee. ko huee thi. sharatachndr chattopadhyay ko yah gaurav hasil hai ki unaki rachanaen hindi sahit sabhi bharatiy bhashaon men aj bhi chav se padhi jati hain. lokapriyata ke mamale men bnkim chndr chatarji aur sharatachndr ravindranath taigor se bhi age hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sharat chndr chattopadhyay (hindi) hindi. abhigaman tithi: 13 sitnbar, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 prastut hain pustak ke kuchh ansh (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 13 sitnbar, 2010.
  3. sharatachndr chattopadhyay (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 13 sitnbar, 2010.

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