शरत चंद्र चट्टोपाध्याय

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sharat chandr chattopadhyay
poora nam sharat chandr chattopadhyay
janm 15 sitambar sanh 1876 ee.
janm bhoomi devanandapur, pashchim bangal
mrityu 16 janavari sanh 1938 ee.
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity
mukhy rachanaean 'devadas', 'charitrahin', 'shrikant', 'darpachoorn', 'pandit moshay' adi.
vishay samajik
bhasha hindi, baangla
prasiddhi baangla upanyasakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sharatachandr ke kuchh upanyasoan par adharit hindi filmean bhi kee bar bani haian. 1974 mean inake upanyas 'charitrahin' par adharit film bani thi. usake bad devadas ko adhar banakar devadas film ka nirman tin bar ho chuka hai.
inhean bhi dekhean kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

sharat chandr chattopadhyay (aangrezi: Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, janm: 15 sitambar, sanh 1876; mrityu: 16 janavari, sanh 1938) baangla ke amar kathashilpi aur suprasiddh upanyasakar the. inaka janm 15 sitambar sanh 1876 ee. ko hugali zile ke ek devanandapur gaanv mean hua tha. sharatachandr apane mata-pita ki nau santanoan mean ek the. sharatachandr ne aththarah sal ki umr mean barahavian pas ki thi. sharatachandr ne inhian dinoan 'basa' (ghar) nam se ek upanyas likh dala, par yah rachana prakashit nahian huee.[1] k aaulej ki padhaee ko bich mean hi chho dakar ve tis rupe masik ke klark hokar barma (vartaman myaanmar) pahuanch ge. sharat chandr chattopadhyay ki katha-sahity ki prastuti jis roop-svaroop mean huee, lokapriyata ke tattv ne unake pathakiy asvad mean vriddhi hi ki hai. sharat chandr chattopadhyay akele aise bharatiy kathakar bhi haian, jinaki adhikaansh kalajayi kritiyoan par filmean banian tatha anek dharavahik siriyal bhi bane. inaki kritiyaan devadas, charitrahin aur shrikant ke sath to yah bar-bar ghatit hua hai.

sahityik parichay

sharat chandr chattopadhyay yatharthavad ko lekar sahity kshetr mean utare the. yah lagabhag bangala sahity mean nee chiz thi. sharat chandr chattopadhyay ne apane lokapriy upanyasoan evan kahaniyoan mean samajik roodhiyoan par prahar kiya tha, piti-pitaee lik se hatakar sochane ko badhy kiya tha.

pratibha

sharatachandr ki pratibha upanyasoan ke sath-sath unaki kahaniyoan mean bhi dekhane yogy hai. unaki kahaniyoan mean bhi upanyasoan ki tarah madhyavargiy samaj ka yatharth chitr aankit hai. sharatachandr prem kushal ke chitere the. sharatachandr ki kahaniyoan mean prem evan stri-purush sanbandhoan ka sashakt chitran hua hai. inaki kuchh kahaniyaan kala ki drishti se bahut hi marmik haian. ye kahaniyaan sharat ke hriday ki sampoorn bhavanaoan ka pratinidhitv karati haian. unhoanne kahaniyaan apane balapan ke sansmaran se aur apane sanpark mean aye mitr v any jan ke jivan se uthaee haian. ye kahaniyaan jaise hamare jivan ka ek hissa hai aisa pratit hota hai.

mahatma gaandhi ka kathan

mahatma gaandhi ne kaha tha- "pap se ghrina karo, papi se nahian." vishvavikhyat baangla kathashilpi sharat chandr chattopadhyay ne gaandhi ji ke uparokt kathan ko apane sahity mean utara tha. unhoanne patita, kulata, pi dit dahabi-kuchali aur prata dit nari ki pi da ko apani rachanaoan mean svar diya.[2]

hriday ke sachche parakhi

sharatachandr ke man mean nariyoan ke prati bahut samman tha ve nari hriday ke sachche parakhi the. unaki kahaniyoan mean stri ke rahasyamay charitr, usaki komal bhavanaoan, damit ichchhaoan, apoorn ashaoan, atript akaankshaoan, usake chhote-chhote sapanoan, chhoti-b di man ki ulajhanoan aur usaki mahattvakaankshaoan ka jaisa sookshm, sachcha aur manovaijnanik chitran-vishleshan hua hai, vah anyatr durlabh hai.[2]

sampoorn sahity

sharatachandr ka sampoorn sahity nari ke utthan se patan aur patan se utthan ki karun kathaoan se bhara p da hai. sharatachandr apani kahaniyoan mean keval pidit-prata dit nari ki patanagatha nahian gate, sirf usake patita aur kulata ho jane ki katha nahian kahate, usake sneh, tyag, balidan mamata aur prem ki pavan-katha bhi sunate haian. sharatachandr ki kahaniyoan mean nari ke nichatam aur mahanatam donoan roopoan ke ek sath darshan hote haian. jab sharatachandr nari ke adhopatan ki katha kahate-kahate usi nari ke udatt aur ujjval charitr ko udghatit karate haian, to pathak sann rah jata hai. usane man mean yah prashn kahian gahare ghar kar jata hai ki ek hi stri ke do roop kaise ho sakate haian aur vah yah nahian samajh pata ki akhir vah nari ke kis roop ko svikar kare. sharatachandr apani kahaniyoan mean nari hriday ki gaanthoan aur gutthiyoan ko jis kushalata se kholate haian, unaki rachanaoan mean nari ka jo bahuroop samane ata hai, vaisi jhalak vishv-sahity mean kahian nahian milati.[2]

kritiyaan

sharatachandr ne anek upanyas likhe haian jinamean pandit moshay, baikuanther bil, mej didi, darpachoorn, abhagini ka svarg, shrikaant, arakshaniya, nishkriti, mamalar phal, anupama ka prem, grihadah, shesh prashn, datta, devadas, brahman ki l daki, sati, vipradas, dena pavana adi pramukh haian. inhoanne bangal ke kraantikari aandolan ko lekar 'pather davi' upanyas likha tha. kee bharatiy bhashaoan mean sharat ke upanyasoan ke anuvad hue haian. sharatachandr ke kuchh upanyasoan par adharit hindi filmean bhi kee bar bani haian. 1974 mean inake upanyas 'charitrahin' par adharit film bani thi. usake bad devadas ko adhar banakar devadas film ka nirman tin bar ho chuka hai. pahali devadas (1936) kundan lal sahagal dvara abhinit, doosari devadas (1955) dilip kumar, vaijayanti mala dvara abhinit tatha tisari devadas (2002) shaharukh khan, madhuri dikshit, aishvarya ray dvara abhinit hai. isake atirikt 1974 mean charitrahin, parinita 1953 aur 2005 mean bhi bani thi, b di didi (1969) tatha manjhali bahan, adi par bhi chalachitroan ke nirman hue haian.

rachanatmak hastakshep

sharatachandr baboo ne manushy ko apane vipul lekhan ke madhyam se usaki maryada sauanpi aur samaj ki un tathakathit paramparaoan ko dhvast kiya, jinake antargat nari ki aankhean anichchhit aansuoan se hamesha chhalachhalaee rahati haian. sharat baboo ne samaj dvara anasuni rah gee vanchitoan ki vilakh-chikh aur artanad ko parakha aur yah jana ki jati, vansh aur dharm adi ke nam par ek b de varg ko manushy ki shreni se hi apadasth kiya ja raha hai. unhoanne apane lekhan ke madhyam se is shadyantr ke antargat panap rahi tathakathit samajik 'am sahamati' par rachanatmak hastakshep kiya, jisake chalate vah lakhoan karo doan pathakoan ke chahete shabdakar bane. nari aur any shoshit samajoan ke dhoosar jivan ka unhoanne chitran hi nahian kiya, balki unake am jivan mean achchhadit indadhanushi rangoan ki chhata bhi bikheri thi. sharat ka prem ko adhyatmikata tak le jane mean viral yogadan hai. sharat-sahity am adami ke jivan ko jivant karane mean sahayak j di-booti siddh hua hai.[3]

mrityu

prasiddh upanyasakar sharat chandr chattopadhyay ki mrityu 16 janavari sanh 1938 ee. ko huee thi. sharatachandr chattopadhyay ko yah gaurav hasil hai ki unaki rachanaean hindi sahit sabhi bharatiy bhashaoan mean aj bhi chav se padhi jati haian. lokapriyata ke mamale mean bankim chandr chatarji aur sharatachandr ravindranath taigor se bhi age haian.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. sharat chandr chattopadhyay (hindi) hindi. abhigaman tithi: 13 sitanbar, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 prastut haian pustak ke kuchh aansh (hindi) bharatiy sahity sangrah. abhigaman tithi: 13 sitanbar, 2010.
  3. sharatachandr chattopadhyay (hindi) bharatiy sahity sangrah. abhigaman tithi: 13 sitanbar, 2010.

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