हरिकृष्ण 'जौहर'  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

harikrishn 'jauhar'
harikrishn 'jauhar'
poora nam harikrishn 'jauhar'
janm 1880
janm bhoomi kashi, uttar pradesh
mrityu 11 faravari, 1945
mrityu sthan kashi
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr lekhan
mukhy rachanaen ‘raje hairat', 'harif’, 'japan vritant', 'afaganistan ka itihas', 'vigyan v vajigar', 'bharat ke deshi rajy' adi.
bhasha hindi, farasi, urdoo
prasiddhi upanyas lekhak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari apane kashi ke mamooragnj namak sthan par hindi pres ki sthapana ki aur ‘adhar’ namak hindi sahityik patr nikala, jo 'hitalar chembaralin sandhi' ke bad band kar diya gaya.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

harikrishn 'jauhar' (janm- 1880, kashi, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 11 faravari, 1945, kashi) ka nam hindi ke arambhik upanyas lekhakon men bade adar ke sath liya jata hai. inaka tilasmi tatha jasoosi upanyas lekhakon men mahattvapoorn sthan hai. harikrishn 'jauhar' ne tilasmi upanyason ki disha men baboo devakinndan khatri dvara sthapit upanyas parnpara ko vikasit karane men mahatvapoorn yogadan diya tha.

janm tatha shiksha

harikrishn 'jauhar' ka janm 1880 ee. men uttar pradesh ki prasiddh dharmik nagari kashi (vartaman banaras) ke ek khatri parivar men hua tha. inake pita ka nam munshi ramakrishn tha, jo kohali kashi ke maharaj eeshvariprasad narayan sinh ke pradhanamntri the. shaishavastha men hi jauhar ke mata-pita ka svargavas ho gaya. inaki prarnbhik shiksha farasi ke madhyam se huee.

lekhan kary

arnbh men inhonne urdoo men likhane ka kary prarambh kiya, jis karan apana upanam 'jauhar' rakh liya. ‘raje hairat', 'harif’, ‘pur asar jadoo’ namak upanyas likha aur 'jauhar' upanam rakha.[1] harikrishn ji ki pahali hindi rachana 'kusumalata' namak upanyas hai, jo char bhagon men hai aur usaki prishthabhoomi 'ayyari' tatha 'tilasmi' hai.

tilismi upanyas

hindi ke arnbhik upanyas lekhakon men baboo harikrishn 'jauhar' ka tilasmi tatha jasoosi upanyas lekhakon men mahatvapoorn sthan hai. tilasmi upanyason ki disha men harikrishn ne baboo devakinndan khatri dvara sthapit upanyas parnpara ko vikasit karane men mahatvapoorn yog diya. adhunik jivan ki vishamaon evn sabhy samaj ke yatharth jivan ka pradarshan karane ke lie hi baboo harikrishn 'jauhar' ne jasoori upanyason ka nirman kiya. 'kala bagh' aur 'gavah gayab' apake is disha men mahatvapoorn upanyas hain.[2]

sampadak

'bharat jivan pres' ki or se prakashit 'bharat jivan' namak patr ka snpadan inhonne kiya tha. kashi se prakashit mitr upanyas tarng dvijaraj patrika ka snkalan kiya tatha ajamer se prakashit 'rajasthan patr' aur bambee ke 'vekateshvar samachar' ke snpadak bhi rahe.

kritiyan

harikrishn 'jauhar' ki pramukh kritiyan is prakar hain-

  1. 'japan vritant'
  2. 'afaganistan ka itihas'
  3. 'bharat ke deshi rajy'
  4. 'roos japan yuddh'
  5. 'plasi ki ladaee'
  6. 'sagar samrajy sikh itihas'
  7. 'nepoliyan vonapart'
  8. 'bhoogarbh ke sere'
  9. 'vigyan v vajigar'
  10. 'kabir tatha maisoor'

hindi pres ki sthapana

kashi ke mamooragnj namak sthan par hindi pres ki sthapana harikrishn 'jauhar' ne ki aur ‘adhar’ namak hindi sahityik patr nikala, jo 'hitalar chembaralin sandhi' ke bad band kar diya gaya. ek patrakar ke roop men harikrishn 'jauhar' ko kafi khyati mili. yuddh snbndhi samachar ap bahut hi sajiv dete the. is disha men ye kaha karate the- "ham keval yuddh likhane ke lie hi patr ka snpadan kar rahe hain." patrakar ke atirikt ye saphal upanyasakar bhi the. inaka 'kusumalata' namak tilasmi upanyas devakinndan khatri ki parnpara men hai. 'kala bagh', 'gavah gayab' likhakar inhonne jasoosi sahity men ek ne charan ki sthapana ki.

satvik jivan

harikrishn 'jauhar' ka jivan bada satvik tha. chay, sigaret se inako bhari nafarat thi. apane jivan ke snbndh men ve pray: kaha karate the- "kagaz odhana aur bichhana, kagaz se hi khana, kagaz likhate padhate sadhu kagaz men mil jana."

nidhan

jab harikrishn ji mumbee men venkateshvar samachar patr ke snpadak ke roop men kary kar rahe the, tabhi inaki thodi men sadharan si chot lag gee. isi chot ne bhayanak titanas rog ka roop dharan kar liya. adhik asvasth hone par 19 sitnbar, 1944 ko harikrishn ji kashi chale ae aur yahin 11 faravari, 1945 men apaka svargavas ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kashi ke sahityakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 11 janavari, 2014.
  2. hindi ke laghu upanyas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 11 janavari, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

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