केदारनाथ अग्रवाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kedaranath agraval
kedaranath agraval
poora nam kedaranath agraval
any nam kedaranath
janm 1 aprail, 1911
janm bhoomi kamasin ganv, banda, uttar pradesh
mrityu 22 joon, 2000
abhibhavak hanuman prasad agraval aur ghasitto devi
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kavi, lekhak
mukhy rachanaen apoorva, yug ki gnga, phool nahin rng bolate hain, pnkh aur patavar, gulamenhadi, he meri tum!, bolebol abol, jamun jal tum, mar pyar ki thapen adi.
bhasha hindi
vidyalay ilahabad vishvavidyalay
shiksha bi.e., vakalat
puraskar-upadhi soviyat laind neharoo puraskar, sahity akadami puraskar, hindi snsthan puraskar, tulasi puraskar, maithilisharan gupt puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari kedar shodhapith ki or har sal ek sahityakar ko lekhani ke lie 'kedar samman' se sammanit kiya jata hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

kedaranath agraval (angrezi: Kedarnath Agarwal, janm: 1 aprail, 1911; mrityu: 22 joon, 2000) pragatishil kavy-dhara ke ek pramukh kavi hain. unaka pahala kavy-sngrah 'yug ki gnga' desh ki azadi ke pahale march, 1947 men prakashit hua. hindi sahity ke itihas ko samajhane ke lie yah sngrah ek bahumooly dastavez hai. kedaranath agraval ne marksavadi darshan ko jivan ka adhar manakar janasadharan ke jivan ki gahari v vyapak snvedana ko apane kaviyon men mukharit kiya hai. kavi kedaranath ki janavadi lekhani poornaroopen bharat ki sondhi mitti ki den hai. isilie inaki kavitaon men bharat ki dharati ki sugndh aur astha ka svar milata hai.

jivan parichay

kedaranath agraval ke jivan anubhav ko tin bhagon men banta ja sakata hai-

  1. bachapan se bi.e. tak (1911 se 1935)
  2. vakalat ki digri se sevanivritti tak (1938 se 971)
  3. sevanivritti se mrityu tak (1975 se 2000).

janm aur bachapan

apani kavita se jan-gan-man ko manavata ka svad chakhane vale amar kavi kedaranath agraval ka janm 1 aprail, 1911 ko uttar pradesh ke banda nagar ke kamasin ganv men ek madhyavargiy parivar men hua tha. inake pitaji hanuman prasad agraval aur mataji ghasitto devi thi. kedar ji ke pitaji svayn kavi the aur unaka ek kavy snkalan ‘madhurim’ ke nam se prakashit bhi hua tha. kedar ji ka arnbhik jivan kamasin ke gramin mahaul men bita aur shiksha diksha ki shurooat bhi vahin huee. tadanntar apane chacha mukundalal agraval ke snrakshan men unhonne shiksha paee. kramashah rayabareli, katani, jabalapur, ilahabad men unaki padhaee huee. ilahabad men bi.e. ki upadhi hasil karane ke pashchath qanooni shiksha unhonne kanapur men hasil ki. tatpashchath banda pahunchakar vahin vakalat karane lage the.[1]

kavita men ruchi

bachapan men gramin parivesh men rahate kedar ji ke man men sabake sath mil-julakar rahane ke snskar pade the aur prakriti ke prati anany prem v lagav bhi utpann hua tha. bachapan se hi kavita likhane men ruchi utpann huee thi, karan unake pitaji ki kavi karm men ruchi, vahin se kedar ji ko kavy-srijan ki prerana mili thi. bachapan men ghar-parivar se mile snskaron ne unhen garib aur piditavarg ke logon ke sngharshapoorn jivan se vakif hone ka avasar diya tha. kalantar men qanooni shiksha hasil karate samay unhen is varg ke uddhar ke upay tab soojhane lage jab ve marksavad ke parinamasvaroop utpann pragatishil vicharadhara se parichit hone ka mauka mila. yah unake jivan ka atmamnthan ka daur tha, jisane age chalakar unhen ek samarpit vakil v anoothe kavi banane men yog diya.[1]

sahityik parichay

"kavi chetan srishti ke karta hain. ham kavi log brahma hain. kavi ko mahakal man nahin sakata . main usi ki ladaee lad raha hoon." - kedaranath agraval “kavita jivan ko udatt banati hai” manane vale kedaranath agraval ne lagabhag nau dashakon ka udatt jivan anyatam kavi ke roop men poori udattata ke sath jine ki koshish ki thi. apane samay ke darjanon kaviyon men apana ek alag jivan, apani ek alag pahachan banane men saphal janakavi ke roop men kedar ji ki kavy-sadhana stuty hai. unhonne apani nirbhik vani se hriday ke udgar jitane bhi prakat kie, ve sab chetana ki laharen umadane vale athah sagar ke roop men nazar ate hain. kedar ji ka kavy-snsar - sagar jaisa vishal, nadi ki dhara jaisa nirmal v tej aur chandani-si nishchhal abha phailate hue kavy-premiyon lie thati ban gaya hai.

kavy-yatra ka arnbh

kedar ji ki kavy-yatra ka arnbh lagabhag 1930 se mana ja sakata hai. kedaranath agraval ji ko pragatishil kaviyon ki shreni men badi khyati mili hai. kavita ke alava gady lekhan men bhi unhonne ruchi darshayi thi, magar kavy-sarjak ke roop men hi ve sukhyat hain. inaki prakashit dhaee darjan kritiyon men 23 kavita sngrah, ek anoodit kavitaon ka snkalan, tin nibndh sngrah, ek upanyas, ek yatravrittant, ek sakshatkar snkalan aur ek patr-snkalan bhi shamil hain.[1]

kritiyan

kedaranath agraval ke pramukh kavita sngrah hain:-

  1. yug ki gnga
  2. phool nahin, rng bolate hain
  3. gulamenhadi
  4. he meri tum!
  5. bolebol abol
  6. jamun jal tum
  7. kahen kedar khari khari
  8. mar pyar ki thapen

kedaranath agraval agraval dvara yatra snsmaran 'basti khile gulabon ki' upanyas 'patiya', 'bail baji mar le gaye' tatha nibndh sngrah 'samay samay par' (1970), 'vichar bodh' (1980), 'vivek vivechan' (1980) bhi likhe gaye hain. unaki kee kritiyan angrezi, roosi aur jarman bhasha men anuvad ho chuki hain. kedar shodhapith ki or har sal ek sahityakar ko lekhani ke lie 'kedar samman' se sammanit kiya jata hai.

prakashit sahity

kedaranath agraval ka prakashit sahity
  1. kavy snkalan yug ki gnga (1947)
  2. nind ke badal (1947)
  3. lok aur alok (1957)
  4. phool nahin rng bolate hain (1965)
  5. ag ka aina (1970)
  6. desh ki kavitaen (1970)
  7. gul menhadi (1978)
  8. adhunik kavi-16 (1978)
  1. pnkh aur patavar (1979)
  2. he meri tum (1981)
  3. mar pyar ki thapen (1981)
  4. bambee ka rakt snan (1981)
  5. kahe kedar khari khari (1983)
  6. apoorva (1984)
  7. jamun jal tum (1984)
  8. bole bol abol (1985)
  1. jo shilaen todate hain (1986)
  2. atmagndh (1988)
  3. anahari hariyali (1990)
  4. khuli ankhen khule daine (1993)
  5. pushpadip (1994)
  6. vasnt men prasann huee prithvi (1996)
  7. kuhak kopal khade ped ki deh (1997)

rajanitik drishti

kedaranath agraval ki pragatishilata ka moort adhar hai bharat ki shramajivi janata marksavadi darshan ne janata ke prati unaki mamata ko pragadh kiya. janata ke sngharsh men astha aur usake bhavishy men vishvas utpann kiya. isilie ve angrezi ya kangresi shasakon ki alochana karate hue janata par hone vale pashavik daman aur janata ke kathin sngharshon ko samane rakhate hain. is karan unaki rajanitik kavitaen jahan prachar ke uddeshyon se likhi gayi hai vahan bhi siddhant amoort ya kathan matr hokar nahin rah jati. lekin sabase bada parinam yah hua ki svadhinata prapti ke bad jahan bahut se pragatishil lekhak daman se darakar ya ramaraj ke lubhavane sapanon men bahakar kangresi 'navanirman' men hath bntane chale ge, vahan kedar un lekhakon men the jo in sari paristhitiyon ke prati janata ki or se, janata ko snbodhit karate hue apani avaz bulnd kar rahe the. choonki kedar ki dridh astha marksavad men aur shramajivi janata men hai, isalie ve ghoshana karate hain:

bhajan ka nahin main bhuja ka pratapi

unaki yah astha tathakathit navanirman vale prabhav ko tikaoo nahin rahane deti. ve janata par ane vale vipattiyon se kshubdh hokar vyngy karate hain:

rajadharm hai bade kam men chhote kam bhulana
bade labh ki khatir chhoti janata ko thukarana

uparokt pnktiyan sanh 1949 ki hai. sanh 1950 men ve pida ke sath daman ka chitr khinchate hain:

boochadon ke nyay ghar men
lokashahi ke karodon ram sita
mook pashuon ki tarah balidan hote dekhata hoon
vir telngavanon par mrityu ke chabuk chatakate dekhata hoon
kranti ki kallolini par ghat hote dekhata hoon.[2]

parimal prakashan se snbndh

ilahabad vishvavidyalay men adhyayan ke dauran hi unhonne likhane ki shuruat ki. unaki lekhani men prayag ki prerana ka bada yogadan raha. prayag ke sahityik parivesh se unake gahare rishte ka andaza is bat se lagaya ja sakata hai ki unaki sabhi mukhy kritiyan ilahabad ke parimal prakashan se hi prakashit huee. prakashak shivakumar sahay unhen pitatuly manate the aur 'babooji' kahate the. lekhak aur prakashak men aisa gahara snbndh dekhane ko nahin milata. yahi karan raha ki kedaranath ne dilli ke prakashakon ka pralobhan thukara kar parimal se hi apani kritiyan prakashit karavaeen. unaka pahala kavita sngrah 'phool nahin rng bolate hain' parimal se hi prakashit hua tha. jab tak shivakumar jivit the, vah pratyek jaynti ko unake nivas sthan par goshthi aur samman samaroh ka ayojan karate the.

samman evn puraskar

  1. soviyat laind neharoo puraskar
  2. sahity akadami puraskar
  3. hindi snsthan puraskar
  4. tulasi puraskar
  5. maithilisharan gupt puraskar


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 kedaranath agraval ka kavy-snsar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) srijanagatha. abhigaman tithi: 30 joon, 2013.
  2. kavi kedaranath agraval ki rajanitik drishti (hindi) sahityalochan. abhigaman tithi: 1 julaee, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

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