दयाराम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dayaram
dayaram
poora nam dayaram
any nam dayashnkar, dayasakhi
janm 1767 ee.
janm bhoomi chandod gram, gujarat
mrityu 1852 ee.
abhibhavak prabhuram nagar
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr krishn bhakti-kavy
mukhy rachanaen 'vallabh no parivar', 'chaurasi vaishnavamanu dhola', 'pushtipath rahasy', 'bhakti-poshan', 'rasikavallabh', 'nitibhakti na pado' tatha 'satasaiya'.
bhasha gujarati
prasiddhi vaishnav kavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari badauda ke dhanik gopaladas ki or se prapt 'ganapativndana' ke prastav ko dayaram ne 'ek vayon gopijanavallabh, nahin svami bijo re' likhakar vapas kar diya tha, jo krishn ke prati unake anany bhav ka parichayak hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

dayaram (angrezi: Dayaram, janm- 1767 ee., gujarat; mrityu- 1852 ee.) madhyakalin gujarati bhakti-kavy parnpara ke antim mahatvapoorn vaishnav kavi the. unake avasan ke sath madhy kal aur krishn bhakti-kavy donon ka paryavasan ho gaya. is yug parivartan ke chihn kuchh-kuchh dayaram ke kavy men hi lakshit hote hain.

janm

dayaram ji ka janm 1767 ee. men narmada nadi ke tatavarti sathodara ke chandod namak gram men prabhuram nagar ke ghar hua tha. balyakal men hi anath ho jane ke karan unaka prarnbhik jivan ast-vyasta men bita. pahale ve keshavannd snnyasi ke shishy hue, phir ichchharam bhatt ke, jo 'pushtimargiy vaishnav' the.[1]

brajayatra

dayaram ne anek bar tirthayatra ke uddeshy se bharat bhraman kiya. mathura vrindavan ki krishnabhakti tatha 'ashtachhap ke kaviyon' ke braj sahity ne unhen vishesh akarshit kiya. braj men hi unhonne 'vallabh snpraday' ke tatkalin gosvami shri vallabhalal ji se diksha grahan ki tatha ajivan pushtimargiy bane rahe.

nndadas ke avatar

'anubhavamnjari' namak apani rachana men dayaram ne svayn ko nndadas ka avatar mana hai. unamen mitrapremi nndadas jaisi rasikata yathesht matra men thi, isamen sndeh nahin; kyonki unhonne bhi balavidhava ratanabaee ke prati apane laukik prem ko adhyatmik upasana ka virodhi nahin mana aur usake guru ka samarthan tak prapt kiya. ve ashtachhap ke kaviyon ki tarah svayn sngitgy bhi the tatha unhonne gopi prem se pariplavit bahutasnkhy pad (garabi) rache hain. bhavasamriddhi ki drishti se unaka 'garabi sahity' guraj men vishesh lokapriy evn samadrit raha hai.[1]

dayashnkar se dayaram

badauda ke dhanik gopaladas ki or se prapt ganapativndana ke prastav ko unhonne 'ek vayon gopijanavallabh, nahin svami bijo re' likhakar vapas kar diya tha, jo krishn ke prati unake anany bhav ka parichayak hai. snpraday-snbndh hone par unaka nam dayashnkar se dayaram ho gaya, jo 'sakhibhav' ke apanane par 'dayasakhi' ban gaya. antim roop unaki bhakti ki strain prakriti ka parichayak hai. snton ki tarah kahin-kahin unhonne karmakand ke bahy sadhanon ka khndan bhi kiya hai aur apani bhakti ko premabhakti ki sngya pradan ki hai.

bhakti bhav evn nishtha

bhakti ka vah tivr bhavaveg evn anany samarpanamayi nishtha jo narasi aur mira ke kavy men paryapt matra men upalabdh hoti hai, unaki rachanaon men us roop men prapt nahin hoti. usake sthan par manaviy prem aur vilasita ka samavesh ho jata hai. yadyapi bahy roop parnparagat gopi-krishn ki lilaon ka hi rahata hai. isi snkramanakalin sthiti ko lakshit karate hue gujarat ke prasiddh itihasakar, sahityakar ke.em. munshi ne apana abhimat vyakt kiya ki-

'dayaramanun' bhaktakaviyon man sthan n thi, pranayana amar kaviyoman chhe.

yah kathan atyuktipoorn hote hue bhi dayaram ke kavy ki antarik vastavikata ki or spasht ingit karata hai.

kritiyan

dayaram ki kritiyon men 'vallabh no parivar', 'chaurasi vaishnavamanu dhola', 'pushtipath rahasy' tatha 'bhakti-poshan' unake pushtimargiy hone ka vishesh parichay deti hain. 'rasikavallabh', 'nitibhakti na pado' tatha 'satasaiya' (brajabhasha men likhit) se kavi ke dharmik, darshanik vicharon ka parichay milata hai. 'ajamilakhya', 'vrittasurakhyan', 'satyabhamakhyan', 'okhaharan', akhyanaparnpara ke pauranik kavy hain. bhagavatapuran par adharit 'dashamalila' tatha 'rasapnchadhyayi adi lilakavy any pauranik akhyanon se kuchh bhinn hain aur unamen bhaktibhav ki prachurata hai. 'narasinh mehata ni hndi' narasi ke jivan se snbaddh hai. 'shadritu varnan' varnanatmak prakritikavy hai. inake atirikt 'garabi sngrah' men dayaram ke 'oormigit' arthath‌ bhavatmak gey pad sngrahit hain. 'prashnottaramalika' jaise kuchh any chhote kavy bhi unhonne rache hain.[1]

bahubhashavigy

dayaram bahubhashavigy the aur unhonne snskrit, marathi, pnjabi, braj aur urdoo men bhi kavy rachana ki hai. unaki adhikansh rachanaen 'brihath‌ kavyadohan' men prakashit ho chuki hain tatha anek ke svatntr snskaran bhi chhape hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 dayaram (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 19 sitambar, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah